Acquired heart disease - symptoms, treatment


1. Causes

2. Classification of acquired heart defects

3. Symptoms of acquired heart disease

4. disease diagnosis

5. Treatment of acquired heart disease

6. disease prevention

acquired heart disease (PPP) - a disease caused by a violation of the structure and functional valvular work that develops at a certain stage of human life, often in middle age, thenas birth defects are formed during fetal development.


quite common cause of acquired heart disease may be diseases such as rheumatic fever, infective endocarditis, atherosclerosis and others. Much less so it can be caused by trauma, connective tissue diseases (scleroderma, dermatomyositis, ankylosing spondylitis) andsyphilis.

PPP development occurs in the following scenario: the inflammatory process begins in the valve flaps, which leads to their deformation and fracture ultimately scarring occurs.the valve failure leads to heart work in emergency mode, due to which there is a thickening of the heart de

partment.As a result, the heart cavity expands reduced contractility of cardiac muscle, and heart failure symptoms appear.

Among the distinguished faculty compensated and decompensated forms of vices.In the first case, the defect is not accompanied by the lack of blood circulation in decompensated as there are signs of a lack of circulation.

Classification of acquired heart defects There

next PPP classification:

1. Etiology: syphilitic, rheumatic, atherosclerotic and incurred due to infective endocarditis.

2. Isolated or local damage valves and the amount of deformation.There is a combined version, when hit by several valves.Also distinguish mitral, blood or the tricuspid valve and pulmonary valve damage.

3. Functional and morphological damage heart valves.This is accompanied by stenosis, atrioventricular openings and leads to valve failure or a combination of these effects.

4. level display defect and the degree of cardiac hemodynamics.We differentiate between moderate and pronounced effect on intracardiac blood flow or lack of influence.

5. Total hemodynamics defines compensated and decompensated subcompensated vices.

Modern medicine known following acquired heart diseases:

  • stenosis mitral orifice;
  • mitral insufficiency or aortic valves;
  • Fusion pericardium;
  • valve aortic stenosis;
  • Combined Substation;
  • sclerosis of the heart muscle;
  • tricuspid valve;
  • infectious heart;
  • Violation of the heart with tuberculosis or general overvoltage CNS;
  • Cardiac when changing the composition of the blood;
  • Other localization and types of heart disease.

Symptoms of acquired heart disease

Immediately it should be noted that the symptoms of the disease may significantly differ depending on the type of PPP.

For mitral stenosis is characterized by enlargement of the left atrium, the pressure drop in this department, as well as in the veins that flow into it.Shortness of breath appears at light loads, while increasing the load it is accompanied by cough and sputum with blood.A more severe degree of the disease leads to the swelling of cardiac asthma or lung.The patient has swollen limbs, pain is felt in the area of ​​the right hypochondrium, epigastric pain, palpitations with periodic interruptions in the work of the heart.If there

mitral insufficiency, reduction in the left ventricle the blood may fall in a small amount to the left atrium.There is a rapid heart rate, shortness of breath and weakness.

Similar symptoms, in particular, palpitations, shortness of breath and pain in lengthy loads marked with aortic valve insufficiency.This is because there is no full adjacency aortic valve during diastole, which leads to the return of blood into the left ventricle.

key symptom of acquired heart disease may be called noise in the apex of the heart, the character having a systolic and myocardial hypertrophy has left and up.

also acquired the main symptoms of heart disease are: pallor, shortness of breath, increased pulsation in the neck and in the arteries.Apical cardiac impulse goes to the left and down.

disease diagnosis

First conducted a general examination of the patient, measuring the pulse, blood pressure, heart bugged.If you suspect that PPP is assigned to an additional examination, X-ray examination is carried out in order to assess the size of the heart and each of its cameras and check the condition of the lungs.

Electrocardiogram help to identify violations of the frequency and rhythm of the heart.Conducting an echocardiogram will show the work of the heart valves, the size of the heart chambers, will determine the thickness of the heart muscle, and provide information about its work.

In some cases, your doctor may order catheterization and angiogram - this will give the opportunity to determine the pressure in the chambers of the heart and the ability to assess heart pump blood.Also, when these procedures is determined by the volume of blood, the work of the heart valves and arterial patency.

treatment of acquired heart disease

Treatment of acquired heart disease certainly comes to the appointment of patient lifestyle and level of activity, which would correspond to the state of the circulatory system.This is determined based on the level of damage to the heart.

Modern medicine does not have in its arsenal of drugs that could correct the violation of the physical layer, formed when heart disease, so in most cases, surgical treatment of acquired heart defects.Typically, a patient during surgery correcting defective, for this conduct valvotomy or valvuloplasty, that is fused dissected heart valve flaps and reduced their work.When the valve is damaged when it can not be recovered, producing its replacement with an implant made of artificial biological material.

treatment of acquired heart disease medication therapy can be assigned only to stabilize the heart rhythm, the treatment or prevention of heart failure and for the treatment of relapse of the underlying disease leading to heart diseases.

disease prevention

PPP Prevention mainly consists in the treatment of diseases, which may lead to malfunction of the heart.Be sure to be in a timely manner to carry out the treatment of rheumatism, during the early periods to identify and destroy the streptococcal infection.To do this, patients prescribed prophylaxis bitsillinom, introducing it on a monthly basis throughout the year.If there is a suspicion of PPP, it is assigned a permanent monitoring by a cardiologist.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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