Preeclampsia - degree , symptoms , treatments


1. Symptoms

2. Degrees preeclampsia

3. reasons

4. Treatment of preeclampsia

5. Diagnostics

Preeclampsia - a pathological condition in pregnancy that is characterized by the appearance of edema, high blood pressure and proteinuria (the presence of protein in the urine).

The incidence is increasing and today ranges from 7% to 20%.

Most pregnant women suffer from preeclampsia, prone to high blood pressure and blood vessel disease.

more severe form of the disease is eclampsia, which is usually accompanied by convulsions or even coma.Eclampsia occurs in one out of two hundred pregnant women with pre-eclampsia.If treatment is initiated in a timely manner to, the eclampsia can be even fatal.

risk of developing preeclampsia, usually increases in the second and third trimester of pregnancy, and it is in danger of violating the functioning of the placenta.As a result, the fetus can not get the necessary oxygen and nutrients in sufficient quantities that can trigger the dev

elopment of hypoxia and malnutrition.

The disease may be indicative of serious violations in the female body, so the expectant mother is certainly in need of diagnosis and the necessary treatment.

Symptoms The main symptoms are:

  • increase in blood pressure;
  • the presence of protein in the urine;
  • headaches, dizziness;
  • abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting;
  • swelling and weight gain;
  • reduction in the required amount of urine;
  • change reflexes and impaired vision.

Severity of symptoms depends on the severity.

Degrees preeclampsia

are three degrees of pre-eclampsia: mild preeclampsia, the average degree of pre-eclampsia and severe pre-eclampsia.

1. Easy preeclampsia.Symptoms of this stage may be mild, however, without adequate analyzes reveal mild preeclampsia complicated.

Symptoms of mild pre-eclampsia:

  • pressure increase to 150 / 90mm Hg.Article .;
  • presence of protein in urine (1 g / l);
  • swelling of the feet;
  • changing blood parameters: creatinine content (100 mol) and platelet counts (at least 180h109 / l).

Therefore, in order to recognize the signs of mild preeclampsia, you need throughout pregnancy, testing and visits to the doctor, for the purpose of their timely elimination.

2. The average degree of pre-eclampsia is characterized by the following symptoms:

  • high blood pressure (up to 170/110 mm Hg..);
  • proteinuria (more than 5 g / l);
  • changing blood parameters: in platelet count (150 to 180h109 / L) and creatinine (100 to 300 mmol / l).

3. Severe pre-eclampsia is characterized by a severe manifestations:

  • the presence of protein in the urine (greater than 5 g / l);
  • increase in blood creatinine content (more than 300 micromol / l);
  • increased blood pressure (from 170/110 mm Hg..);
  • visual impairment (flickering flies in front of the eyes);
  • headache in the back of the head and forehead;
  • swelling of the liver, and as a result, the pain in his right side.

danger of severe pre-eclampsia is the possibility of developing eclampsia - one of the most dangerous forms of pregnancy, which is characterized by convulsions.Severe pre-eclampsia and eclampsia is a disease that can pose a threat to the health and life of the mother and child.

If treatment is started late pre-eclampsia there is a high probability of such dangerous complications such as HELLP-syndrome.It is characterized by a sharp increase in symptoms, and includes such disorders like:

  • hemolysis (destruction of red blood cells);
  • increased activity of liver enzymes;
  • thrombocytopenia - low platelet counts.

If you have this syndrome, there is a need in the termination of pregnancy by cesarean section.

Causes The exact causes of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia is not fully known.Experts believe that they can be attributed to the presence of a high level of body fat, poor maternal nutrition, and poor blood flow in the uterus.

By preeclampsia risk factors include first pregnancy, the woman's age more than 40 years, as well as the history of pre-eclampsia in pregnant.The risk group includes women who suffered from hypertension before pregnancy.Risk factors also act as diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, kidney disease, and multiple pregnancy preeclampsia Treatment

in the treatment of pre-eclampsia is important to determine the degree of pre-eclampsia and fetal maturity.

For mild preeclampsia, pregnant need to comply with bed rest.Doctors are advised to lie on your back or on the left side (a position improves circulation).In the case of lung disease progression, a woman can, observing doctors' recommendations, and be treated at home, and the doctor should inspect it every two days.With an increase in the dynamics of the disease used medication.As a general rule, prescribe drugs to lower blood pressure and prevent seizures.If home treatment is ineffective, while a woman is hospitalized.

If a pregnant woman is observed severe preeclampsia, it is mandatory hospitalized and prescribed bed rest.For the treatment of pre-eclampsia is usually used magnesium sulfate for the prevention of eclampsia, and antihypertensive therapy aimed at lowering blood pressure.In the absence of positive dynamics of treatment and with an increase in symptoms may be a need for artificial induction of labor or cesarean surgery.

Thus, the methods of treatment of pre-eclampsia are drug therapy, bed rest and compliance with the necessary diet.


Every pregnant woman is obliged to register with the medical establishment, for the purpose of control over their condition.At every inspection, the specialist measures the blood pressure of a pregnant, monitors the rate of weight gain, as well as studying the results of blood and urine tests.Thus, in order to diagnose preeclampsia, expectant mother should take, as appropriate, the following analyzes:

  • CBC hemostasis;
  • blood chemistry, aimed at monitoring the level of liver enzymes;
  • blood test for urea, uric acid and creatinine;
  • urine test for protein content.

There are occasions when we must not tarry, and the appearance of certain symptoms, you should contact your doctor.Data cases include:

  • abdominal pain;
  • dizziness and headaches;
  • occurrence of edema;
  • decrease in urine volume.

And in the case of high blood pressure, as well as vomiting and nausea in pregnant II and III trimesters should immediately call the ambulance.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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