Submandibular adenopathy - Causes, Symptoms , Treatment


1. Symptoms submandibular lymphadenitis

2. Treatment

Lymphadenitis is a relatively common inflammatory disease.Its main characteristics is the inflammation of the lymph nodes, which in most cases is purulent.Reasons submandibular lymphadenitis often become staphylococcal and streptococcal bacteria.

The disease rarely is independent, as inflammation of lymph nodes is usually associated with the presence of infection in other internal organs.It is for the location of the inflamed lymph nodes is determined by the type of infection, which led to the development of this disease.

reason submandibular lymphadenitis often becomes inflamed lymph nodes identified, namely:

- retropharyngeal (inflammation begins when infected with their pathogens that infect the throat).In this case, submandibular lymphadenitis occurs in parallel with pharyngitis (inflammation of the pharyngeal mucosa), tonsillitis (tonsillitis) or laryngitis (inflammation of the mucous membrane of the larynx).

- submandibular (inflammatory process begins upon infection of the oral cavity).The cause of submandibular lymphadenitis in this case can be a chronic inflammatory caries or gum disease.

- Superficial cervical (inflammation begins in the background of infectious diseases affecting the lymph nodes adjacent to areas of the skin).

Symptoms submandibular lymphadenitis

First of all, the disease is characterized by the emergence of tight knots under the lower jaw, which are characterized by high morbidity.Further, regardless of the cause submandibular lymphadenitis, connect these symptoms:

- ear pain;

- redness of the skin at the site of inflammation of the lymph nodes;

- a significant increase in body temperature;

- disruption of normal sleep.

development of the disease is gradual, so its main features are shown alternately.

At the initial stage submandibular lymphadenitis, lymph nodes have sharp outlines and fairly mobile, there is a slight pain on palpation of them.The subsequent development of the disease leads to the fact that the painless movement of the jaw is almost impossible.

After three days, lymph nodes become visible sizes, and swelling that accompanies an inflammation spreads over the entire surface of the skin under the jaw.

addition becomes inflamed and red mucous membrane lining the mouth, over time, any attempt to open or close it begin to be accompanied by pain, which has growing character.

body temperature at this stage of the disease can be as high of 38 degrees.In addition, there is loss of appetite, constant fatigue, insomnia and indifferent attitude to what is happening around.

correct definition of the source of infection at this stage provides a speedy recovery.

In the event that at the first sign of the disease do not seek professional help, treatment submandibular lymphadenitis may take quite a long period of time.At the same time there are more bright signs, pain is shooting, the body temperature rises up to 40 degrees, and the skin at the site of the inflamed lymph nodes takes a blood red or burgundy hue.

presence of pus is determined by blueness of the skin, which means that it gradually gains access to the skin.The presence of pus in this disease is quite dangerous, regardless of its amount.


primarily in the treatment of submandibular lymphadenitis focuses on troubleshooting infection, exposure to which has led to its development.

recommends rinsing the mouth "drilling fluid", which is an 8 percent solution of basic aluminum acetate.It can be used when applied to inflamed sites cold lotions.

In that case, if the inflammation has purulent, submandibular lymphadenitis treatment is carried out with the help of antibacterial drugs and inflamed lymph node irradiation with infrared radiation.In some cases, the presence of pus may need surgery, which is performed as a result of cleaning the lymph node using a suction catheter through a small incision over the inflamed areas.

The most common in this disease inflames multiple lymph nodes.That is why the treatment of this disease with antibiotics alone is ineffective, taking them only temporarily eliminate the main symptoms of the disease, which will once again return with time.

Therefore, treatment of submandibular lymphadenitis often based on the prompt intervention of surgeons.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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