Flatfoot - types , symptoms , treatment and prevention


1. Causes and types of foot deformities

2. clinical picture and the degree of flatfoot

3. Treatment of flatfoot

4. Prevention and treatment of diseases in children

Flatfoot - congenital or acquired pathology of the musculoskeletal system, at which the deformation of the foot and reduction of its vaults.

Causes and types of foot deformities

The main task of the muscles and ligaments of the foot - to keep the weight of the body and at the same time perform the function of a spring, that is, to absorb the shaking that occurs when walking.But the lack of physical activity, there is weakness of the muscles and ligaments, they can not cope with the task, and the entire load transferred to the leg joints and spine.On the other hand, if the activity is excessive, the muscles and ligaments heavily overloaded, which also leads to a violation of their functions and, consequently, flatfoot develops.Therefore, for the prevention of flatfoot alternation of physical activities on fo

ot and the period of their (feet) rest is very important.

also cause the disease are overweight, injury stop, past illnesses of the musculoskeletal system (rickets, polio), hereditary predisposition.

The following types of foot deformities: a longitudinal (lengthwise flat foot), lateral (transverse flat feet), combined (longitudinal-transverse flat feet).

longitudinal deformation is characterized by a decrease of the longitudinal arch of the foot, lower the height depends on the degree of flatfoot.

cross flatfoot is most common.It is characterized by reduction of the transverse arch of the foot and, as a consequence, increase its width in the toe area, the deviation of the outside of the thumb and the rest of the deformation, the formation of protruding bones.Cross-flat, as a rule, it has been developing in adulthood.

cases combined deformation often observed, which is characteristic for the longitudinal and transverse flatfoot simultaneously.

clinical picture and the degree of flatfoot

Symptoms are directly dependent on the degree of flatfoot.There are three degrees of the disease.

first degree flatfoot visually almost imperceptible.It is characterized by a slight deviation from the normal angle of the arch and vault height of 35 mm.The only manifestation of the first degree of the disease - is "buzzing" legs after exercise.flatfoot Treatment of the first degree, in most cases effectively.

When the second degree flat feet increases the angle of the arch and vault height is reduced to 17 mm.After minor physical person loads begin to disturb the foot and ankle pain, gait becomes "heavy", and in the evening the feet swell.When transverse flat increases the angle between the metatarsals, localized pain in the forefoot.

third degree flatfoot deformity is characterized by full stops.Violated function of the musculoskeletal system, pain spreading to the spine, difficulty walking person, it's hard to pick up shoes, he can not play sports.The third degree of cross flatfoot is characterized by severe pain in the lower part of the front of the foot, as well as the formation of corns on your toes.

Treatment of flatfoot

Doctors diagnosed flat feet on the results of X-ray (X-ray analysis is performed) or plantography (studied foot print).

Treatment of the disease is carried out in a complex, depending on the degree of flat feet and includes:

1. Physical therapy procedures (electrophoresis, phonophoresis, magnetic).

2. Physiotherapy - individually selected series of exercises.

3. a restorative exercises - a set of exercises for strengthening and toning the muscles and ligaments.

4. Therapeutic massage and herbal baths relieve pain and normalize the blood circulation to the legs.

5. Orthopedic insoles (insoles) will help to distribute the weight of the body and thus relieve the load on leg joints.

Virtually all of the above methods of treatment may well be used for the prevention of flatfoot.

important to understand that fully recovers only the first stage of flat feet and flat feet in children.In people older than 17 years of stop already fully formed, that is, its deformation is almost impossible to fix.But the sooner treatment is started flat feet, the sooner to stop the process of developing the disease.

In medical practice, cases of severe cases, when you do not do without surgical treatment of flatfoot.Surgery is carried out at a transverse flat and includes a correction shape of the foot and removal of deformation fingers.

Prevention and treatment of disease in children

unreasonable to believe that the disease is not a serious flat and does not harm your child's health.To avoid the formation of incorrect posture, the displacement of internal organs, of diseases of the joints and muscles in the future treatment of flatfoot in children should start as early as possible.In addition, it is worth remembering that the disease causes the child pain in the feet, the kid hard to walk, he crooked legs, gets tired quickly.

diagnose a child's flat feet can be no earlier than the fifth year of baby's life.By this time, there is a formation of the foot and to talk about the presence of the disease can not, we can speak of a predisposition to it.To prevent flat feet in children is recommended once a year, be inspected podiatrist.

flatfoot Treatment of children is carried out by the same methods as the treatment of illness in adults, but the cross-flatfoot in children is extremely rare, so the surgery with the aim of treatment is carried out in individual cases.

Regardless of whether or not there is a baby in the predisposition to the disease, we must adhere to the following recommendations for the prevention of flatfoot:

  • good shoes - the main factor in the issue of prevention of flatfoot.By "good shoes" refers to the children's shoes with orthopedic insoles, with a fixed, reasonably solid backdrop, flexible sole, which is made of natural materials, comfortable baby and goes to him in size.
  • physical activity - the guarantee of health of little feet.But we should remember that excessive activity or inactivity on the contrary lead to the development of the baby's disease.For the prevention of flatfoot is important to the proper dosage of physical activity.
  • let baby walk barefoot on uneven surfaces, as develops fine motor skills of the foot.On smooth surfaces barefoot is not recommended to go (eg, gender).

Normally kid legs should be straight, O-shaped (varus) or X-shaped (valgus) form the legs indicates the presence of flat feet in children.In 60% of children under five years have seen the curvature shape of legs, ie there is a predisposition to flat feet.But only from the parents it depends on whether the predisposition to disease grow.Early treatment of flatfoot and prevention of this disease in children will save them from complications in the future.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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