Food poisoning - Symptoms , Treatment, Prevention


1. Types of food poisoning

2. Symptoms

3. First aid for food poisoning

4. Treatment

5. Prevention

food poisoning called a painful condition that has occurred in humans as a result of receiving poor quality or contain toxic chemicals products.

Types of food poisoning

Depending on what causes food poisoning in children and adults, the disease is divided into types:

1. poisoning poisonous berries, fungi, animals and plants.In this case, the symptoms of food poisoning depend on the type of food eaten.

2. Poisoning by chemicals of various actions, trapped in the food.

3. Foodborne diseases, which are caused by bacteria, viruses or toxins that accumulate in the food due to improper storage, transportation or preparation.Microbes with their toxins accumulate in the food in violation of all sanitary standards.It is worth noting that the spoiled and unfit for human food may look and smell perfectly normal, since a number of toxins is resistant to boiling.At the same ti

me humans have different perceptions of foodborne illness: dined exactly the same dish, one person will be in the hospital, and the other - will feel slight discomfort or even remain healthy.Increased risk of exposed infants, the elderly and have chronic bowel disease or gastric people.Foodborne diseases are the most common, so it is urgent prevention of food poisoning.


Getting in the human body, toxins provoke inflammation of the mucous membranes of the intestine and stomach, act on the cardiovascular and nervous systems.

Primary symptoms of food poisoning:

  • appearance of weakness, dizziness during the day after consuming poor quality food;
  • severe nausea, vomiting constantly repeated;
  • severe diarrhea, stool is usually abundant, watery eventually may include blood impurities;
  • tachycardia, low blood pressure;
  • fever, shivering, sweating;
  • fainting, muscle cramps.

most dangerous poisons are considered salmonellosis, dysentery, staphylococcal and streptococcal infections, typhoid fever.They affect the central nervous system, so the major symptoms added blurred vision and difficulty swallowing.

First aid for food poisoning

When the first symptoms of food poisoning patient must bring the body as much as he got in the toxins can be.First aid for food poisoning include:

  • excessive drinking;
  • if no vomiting - call it pressure on the root of the tongue;
  • taking medication "Smecta" and "Regidron" activated carbon;
  • at high temperature - receiving antipyretics.

In no case do not do an enema, such actions could harm the patient increased the spread of infection in the intestines.

Help ambulance is needed if there is:

  • loss of consciousness;
  • impaired vision;
  • choking;
  • high fever that can not be knocking drugs;
  • simultaneous food poisoning in adults and children in the same family;
  • poisoning in infants;
  • poisoning poisonous plants, berries or mushrooms.


poisoning Treatment may include:

  • gastric lavage, preferably in a hospital, it uses the warm water with the addition of baking soda;
  • drink at least 3 liters per day;
  • exclusion from the diet of irritating foods, diet;
  • use of antimicrobial agents under the supervision of a physician.

Treatment of food poisoning in pregnant women and young children are recommended in a medical facility.After undergoing poisoning often develops goiter, which requires a separate treatment.For the treatment of food poisoning by chemicals and poisons are often used special antidotes and serums that are available only from health workers.


to not have to carry out treatment of food poisoning, you need to observe good personal hygiene - wash your hands with soap and water after streets, riding the bus, going to the store.Prevention of food poisoning involves the use of products not expired, thoroughly washed and cooked according to the rules.Do not eat raw eggs and canned.

also includes the prevention of poisoning:

  • content of clean utensils and dishes;
  • use separate knives for raw and finished products;
  • protection products against flies and other insects;
  • closing dishes or polyethylene lids;
  • washing eggs soda solution before they are broken;
  • storage of prepared food is not more than 48 hours in the refrigerator.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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