1. Common symptoms of pelvic fractures
2. Treatment ischial bone fracture
3. consequences of ischial bone fracture of the pelvis and the whole
Fracturepelvis - a very unpleasant situation, which may well result in a mass of complications and even life-long disabilities.Ischium - one of the three bones that form, together with the pubic bone and iliac pelvic.The most common fracture of the ischial bone occurs as a result of falling on the buttocks and pelvis squeezed.Fracture pain, usually felt when driving, particularly in flexion the tibia.
In isolated fractures of the pelvis in 30% of affected developing traumatic shock, and when multiple and associated injuries - at 100%.Shock is the result of massive blood loss in combination with the compression of or damage to sensory nerve cells pelvis.
When traumatic shock manifested the following symptoms:
happens and such that pelvic fractures are accompanied by signs of internal injuries caused by trauma or internal organs or retroperitoneal hematoma fracture of the pelvis in posterior regions.
In the case of damage to the urethra manifest symptoms such as:
At rupture of the bladder develops haematuria, micturition disorders occur.
Treatment ischial bone fracture, first of all, begins with anesthesia the fracture site.After the patient is placed on his back in a pose of "frog".Most often in unilateral and bilateral fractures of some ischium without displacement of bone fragments need only take srednefiziologicheskoe position with divorced feet, you can also use special orthopedic bed and underlay under the knee and hip joints rollers.bed rest time is usually not more than one month.By moving the fragments of bone treatment is carried out through a system of skeletal traction for the condyles of the femur.
to restore normal pelvic bone, it is necessary to provide a sufficient amount of nutrients, so patients prescribed drugs containing the protein collagen.As rehabilitation patients received physical therapy, massage, physiotherapy, the use of special ointments and gels.
Full recovery after bone fracture, as well as a full load on the foot is possible not earlier than six to eight weeks.
When multiple fractures may develop various complications, damage to internal organs: intestines, the urethra and bladder, internal genital organs.Quite often there are severe traumatic bleeding.Most often, these fractures occur when the collapse of buildings, car crashes, earthquakes.In the risk zone also includes people involved in certain sports.
consequences of ischial bone fracture can also be: a delay of bone accretion, posttraumatic infection, non-union or incorrect fusion.
In the area of the fracture can be observed damage to muscles, blood vessels, tendons and nerves, paresthesias development as a result of traumatic compression, osteoarthritis and osteomyelitis.
In severe cases, may develop shortening of the limbs, wasting and atrophy of the gluteal muscles, contracture of the hip joints.
This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.
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