1. symptoms of basilar skull fracture
3. fracture treatment of skull base
4. consequences of skull base fracture
fracture of the skull base refers to the serious injury of the brain and can cause damage to the basal parts of the brain, cranial nerve trunk.severe inflammatory intracranial complications may develop as a result of such an injury.Occur fracture of the skull base may be a fall from a height, while automobile accidents, bumps on the face, and so on. Often these injuries are accompanied by a gust of dura, thereby forming a message with the external environment through the oral or nasal cavity, the eye socket, sinuses or cavitymiddle ear.This results in a nasal, ear and liquorrhea onset posttraumatic pneumocephalus.The consequence of posts with the environment often becomes pathogen penetration and infection of the internal cranial contents.
If the injury has affected the bones of the anterior cranial fossa, the bleeding comes under the conjuncti
When injuries occur diencephalic brain disorders of the visual, olfactory, or oculomotor nerve.
Fractures of the skull base are ranked as number of open head injuries, and if such a fracture occurs outflow of blood or cerebrospinal fluid from the nose or ear canal, then talk about penetrating traumatic brain injuries.These fractures are divided into localization:
symptoms of a fracture of the skull base in the area of the anterior cranial fossa is bleeding from the nose, bruising of the eyelids, nasal liquorrhea.Bruising act only on the second day after injury, and can be observed subcutaneous emphysema, which is formed in the presence of cracks.
also symptoms of basilar skull fracture in the area of the anterior cranial fossa are bruised in the mastoid area, simultaneous hearing loss, facial and abducens.Most often ascertain longitudinal fractures of the area, walking in the direction of the foramen magnum, and the group is deformed caudal cranial nerves and formed bulbar symptoms, supplemented by a disorder of functions of vital organs.
symptoms of a fracture of the skull base in the area of the middle cranial fossa is bleeding from the ear, eardrum, liquorrhea, hearing loss, bruising in the area of the temporal muscle and the mastoid process.Skull Injuries in half of cases lead to damage to the bones of the middle cranial fossa.These fractures are divided into oblique, transverse and longitudinal.
Quite often in traumatic brain injuries occur fractures of the pyramid of the temporal bone of the longitudinal, transverse, diagonal type, depending on the topography of the fissures.Almost 75% of fractures account for longitudinal cracks arising from the deformation of the side of the skull.This results in damage to the middle ear, in rare cases, the injured facial nerve canal or inner ear.
When bumps in the occipital region of the skull come transverse fracture of the temporal bone pyramid, in which deforms the inner ear, the inner ear canal and the canal of the facial nerve.When such injuries can occur complete deafness, peripheral facial nerve palsy, a disorder of the vestibular function, loss of sense of taste 2/3 language, this is due to damage to the tympani.
Diagnosis Diagnosis is carried out, examining the presence of visual effects basilar skull fracture.If the call for medical help was late, then there may be symptoms of acute meningitis, but if also clearly visible consequences such as a fracture of the skull base symptom score, liquorrhea etc., it is diagnosed -. Bone fracture of the skull base.
primarily conducted following treatment: tamponade ears and nose.When bleeding into the nasopharynx spend intubation.Next, apply a common method of treatment of head injuries.If the call for medical assistance was delayed, it requires special treatment of basilar skull fracture - in order to prevent infection of intracranial contents use broad-spectrum antibiotics.
First aid for fractures of bones of the skull base is depending on the severity of the victim's condition.
If a person after injuries is unconscious, the first aid is carried out according to the following plan:
If a person after injuries is conscious, the first aid is carried out according to the following plan:
should be remembered that the correct treatment of fractures of the skull base does not provide for the imposition of bandages on his nose and ears, and should not immediately put tampons in the nose and ears of the victim.If there is bleeding from the ears or nose, blood must freely bleed (given that there is not much pressure the blood stream), to avoid increased intracranial pressure.Later in the treatment of fractures of the skull base produce plugging his ears and nose.
possible consequences of such fractures of the skull base:
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