1. symptoms of fibula fracture
2. fracture Diagnostics
3. Treatment fracture
4. Rehabilitation after fibula fracture
in modern medicine are among the most common injuries in the lower extremities can be identified tibia fractures, including fractures of the small and the tibia.
In some cases, when certain guiding impact and a certain type of damage, fracture of fibula combined with a fractured tibia.Depending on the nature of the fracture, it is divided into direct and indirect fracture.Direct (bumper impact) fracture is more favorable and easier to treat.Also in this type of fracture is not a large number of fragments, which are a result of the crushing of the bones.
Indirect factor, resulted in a fracture of the bone, it is unfavorable in comparison with a direct factor.This type of fracture occurs as a result of rotation along the axis of the bone at the damage area.After a tibia fracture in a given situation remains a large number of fragments.Damage covers quite a
can distinguish ordinary drop or bump Among the most common causes of fracture in this area.In winter, especially during icy conditions, the rate of such injuries is greatly increased.As noted above, these fractures are often combined with fractures of the tibia.It should be noted that the tibia is stronger, so if it remains intact after trauma, the treatment will take place more quickly and reliably.Taki way, significantly reduced the risk of complications, including displacement of bone fragments, osteomyelitis, and others.
Usually, the symptoms of fibula fracture sufficiently pronounced to ensure that they can be easily identified.The main symptom of fibula fracture can be identified apparent displacement of the bones.Thus, severe pain, while relying on the damaged leg is the main symptom of tibia fracture.The victim noted the emergence of a strong swelling and some bruising.In addition to visually leg can be turned out in relation to the second leg or look a little shorter.In the event that at the turn of the axis remains in its place, the patient can perform rotational movements.At the turn of only a small bone, suffered even a little can rely on the injured leg.
fracture In order to establish the nature of the fracture, the doctor patient queries, specifying the circumstances in this case occurred injury.The physician is necessary to assess the impact force than it has been applied, and in what direction striking force was applied.These figures have a direct impact on the properties of the fracture.
As a rule, in order to recreate a complete picture of what happened, is an X-ray in two projections.Diagnosis of this type of fracture is not of great complexity.Problems can occur only in the presence of various kinds of complications or if the fracture formed in the tibiofibular joint.The turning point in the upper third of the leg, in some cases may have a negative impact on the blood supply and innervation of this area.
fracture fibula fracture is not particularly difficult, if it is not offset.Even if there was a fracture of the tibia and, but there is no offset, the treatment will take place faster and easier.In this case, treatment of fibula fracture is overlaying plaster.Gypsum is located in the leg, which is necessary to immobilize.This arrangement helps to prevent gypsum displacement of bone fragments.
If there is displacement of bone fragments, especially if there has been displacement of large and small bones, treatment fibula fracture is primarily in the reconstruction of their correct position.When lateral impact may impose extramedullary plate.The introduction of the spokes a little above and below the fracture in the tibia fracture treatment is carried out by the displacement that occurred as a result of the impact, in addition to the cross.These spokes are fixed and stretch recovery place.
Rehabilitation after fibula fracture - is a very important step, which is to ignore not only can lead to a significant increase in the period of treatment, but also cause a variety of effects.After fracture the tibia, or rather after the removal of plaster, one of the most important tasks is to restore normal muscle activity and circulation.For this purpose, it appointed a special course of massage and physical therapy.All exercises can be performed at home.After fracture of fibula in the rehabilitation training program is selected individually.Before you perform any physical activity on the injured leg should consult with a specialist.
Timing recovery tibia fracture is directly related to the complexity of the damage.Duration Recovery typically is two or three months.The formation of callus in about a month and a half after tibia fracture.By moving the bone the length of the rehabilitation period can be up to six months or more.Also important role in restoring the patient himself and plays his mood.He must take responsibility for the rehabilitation period, to regularly attend special massage and physiotherapy, prescribed to perform physical activity, as well as careful and take care of the place of injury.
This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.
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