2. Parainfluenza children
3. Diagnosis and treatment of parainfluenza
Parainfluenza - an acute viral disease, whenwhich affects the upper respiratory tract, and there is weakly expressed intoxication.
cause of the disease is the parainfluenza virus, which belongs to the genomic RNA viruses.It is able to multiply rapidly in living tissues, especially in airway epithelial cells.Parainfluenza virus killed at room temperature four hours, at a temperature above 50 ° C - for half an hour.
causative agent of the disease spreads through airborne droplets.The source of infection is a sick man.The most dangerous period of transmission - the first 2-3 days after onset of illness.After the danger of infection also exists, but is much smaller.
person has a high susceptibility to viruses, parainfluenza.After the transferred illness immunity persists for long, but recurrent disease is transferred much easier.
parainfluenza viruses in breathing get to the mucosal tissues
incubation period depending on parainfluenza virus is 2-7 days.Usually the disease develops gradually, with minor symptoms of intoxication.For the initial symptoms include parainfluenza aching muscles, chills, malaise, slight headache.The body temperature in most cases is low grade, although sometimes it may increase up to high values.Rarely, but sometimes high fever since the beginning of the disease.
In the early days of the disease symptoms appear parainfluenza:
severity and symptoms parainfluenza depend on the age and condition of the patient.Usually adults are easier to tolerate the disease than children.
Of all viral respiratory diseases in children paragripppa share of 10-30%.The most common parainfluenza in children aged up to two years.Typically, the number of cases is increasing in the cold season.
initial symptoms parainfluenza in infants in most cases is a sharp rise in temperature, the appearance of signs of intoxication.The maximum values of the body temperature reaches at 2-3 days of illness.On the first day of the child's disease appear catarrhal phenomena - nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat, persistent dry cough.Discharge from the nose in the initial stage of the mucous membranes, in the course of the disease often become mucopurulent.By the above symptoms in children parainfluenza joins swelling, redness of the mucous membranes of the pharynx, the soft palate.
In children two - seven years is often the first manifestation of the disease is a syndrome of croup.It is healthy before the baby wakes up at night from the rough, strong cough.He develops wheezing, hoarseness, laryngeal stenosis (narrowing of the larynx).croup syndrome in children with parainfluenza passes quickly as the disappearance of symptoms of the disease.
parainfluenza treatment in children is carried out at home.Treatment in a hospital is necessary only in cases of croup syndrome or severe bacterial complications.
Diagnosis of this disease causes difficulties, as its symptoms are very similar to many diseases.
doctor for diagnosis is usually limited to a patient examination.In severe cases of illness, are appointed by the necessary research.Typically, in cases of suspected parainfluenza held immunoflyuoristsentsii analysis.This rapid method of indicating the presence of the virus and the specific antibodies.The material for it are the nasal discharge.In addition, there serodiagnosis on parainfluenza.This blood test requires a time for the meeting.
used for the treatment of parainfluenza virus means - Arbidol, Ribavirin, Isoprinosine.Local use of oxolinic ointment Lokferon, bonafton.
To increase the body's defenses are used in the treatment of parainfluenza immunomodulators and immunostimulants such as interferon, Viferon, Anaferon, TSikloferon.
The symptomatic therapy is used antipyretics, anti-inflammatory, antitussive drugs.To reduce the symptoms of rhinitis and apply special washing nasal drops.
If parainfluenza treatment does not give results within three days, prescribed antibacterials.
This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.
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