20 May

Angioedema - causes, treatment , first aid

Contents:

1. symptoms of angioedema

2. Causes

3. First Aid angioedema

4. Treatment

5. Edemaangioedema in children

angioedema - acute allergic swelling of the skin, subcutaneous tissue and mucous membranes, which is also called giant urticaria and angioedema.This immediate reaction, it may be the introduction of any allergen, such as medication, food, insect bite, helminth and protozoan diseases of the blood, etc.

In 20 - 25% of cases the swelling is hereditary in 30% the cause of angioedema did not install.Whatever it was, this allergic reaction refers to conditions hazardous to life - treatment of angioedema should be immediate.

symptoms of angioedema

The disease got its name after the German physician Heinrich Quincke, who studied in detail and described this type of allergic reaction in 1882.Symptoms of angioedema is difficult to confuse - the patient feels the tension and tension of the skin in places, where it forms a nearly painless swelling.The skin thus does not c

hange color, and when pressure on the swelling space is left traces.

In rare cases angioneurotic edema symptoms are not so pronounced, but the disease can affect the lining of the brain, joints, or internal organs.As a rule, affects the face, neck tissue, back of the hand or foot.Much more dangerous situation when swelling affects the larynx, trachea or throat, which happens almost every fourth victim.From the shortness of breath and feelings of anxiety a patient may lose consciousness or even die.

How to recognize symptoms of angioedema, in the absence of external manifestations?If swelling of the internal organs may appear sharp abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhea.In 20 - 25% of cases when an allergic reaction affects the respiratory system of patients gets a voice, a feeling of suffocation, start "barking cough" and sore throat.If swelling of the bladder may occur slight cramps, and violation of urination.

If swelling lasts no more than six weeks, it is called acute, in the longer term - chronic.

Causes

by origin swelling divided into allergic and pseudoallergic.The main cause of allergic angioedema type - a strong reaction of the human organism to the emergence of a specific allergen.In this case, the disease occurs in people with allergies in general.The cause angioedema pseudoallergic type - a congenital abnormality of the complement system.In this case, the sharp reaction develops in response to heat, cold, or chemical irritants.

There are categories of people at risk of developing this disease.These include all allergies, especially suffering from hives or those with edema have been observed.Risk factors also include sudden changes in temperature and atmospheric pressure, stress and chronic fatigue, rehabilitation after dental operations, women have swelling may develop on the background of ovarian cysts.

most common causes of angioedema - it is still certain groups of allergens.Swelling may occur as a reaction to household chemicals - washing powders and chlorine-based cleaning products, air fresheners, glass cleaner.Sometimes the cause of angioedema can be a drug.More likely it may be NSAIDs, aspirin, antibiotics, blood pressure regulators.

Among the potentially dangerous environmental factors can distinguish natural solar radiation, sea water, stings of wasps and bees.Sometimes the swelling can trigger deodorants, perfumes, lipstick and other cosmetics.From food at risk include peanut butter, honey, chocolate, cocoa, coffee, and almost all seafood.

First Aid angioedema

Angioedema - a condition dangerous to life, so the appearance of the symptoms you need to call an ambulance.What first aid at angioedema you have waiting for doctors?It is necessary to isolate the victim from contact with the allergen, if known, and if it's possible.In order to alleviate the condition, it is necessary to free the patient from tight clothes, loosen the belt and collar and ensure a flow of air by opening all windows and doors.

Providing first aid for angioedema, place the victim in a sitting or half upright position.This will help to further facilitate breathing.Before the ambulance arrival at angioedema can put a cool towel on the affected area, make a foot hot bath, drip in a nose any vasoconstrictive drops.

The first step is the introduction of the medical team of antihistamines, and then transported the patient to be treated in hospital.It should be remembered that the improvement after the swelling may be temporary, after which re allergic reaction may require resuscitation.Therefore, even if the patient feels better before the arrival of the ambulance, do not refuse admission.

Treatment

angioedema treatment requires the use of primary and secondary drugs.Typically, patients are administered an injection of hormonal and antihistamines.By the hormonal drugs are prednisolone, dexamethasone, hydrocortisone, etc.From Suprastin can be used antihistamines, pipolfen, Tavegil, diphenhydramine, and others.As an auxiliary means can be assigned kromoglikany.

addition to the treatment of angioedema medications require a special diet and a complete rest.If angioedema led to such complications like asphyxia, the doctor holds intubation and introduces a muscle relaxant.In this case, you may need to introduce additional products - adrenaline and ephedrine.Angioneurotic edema treatment in general can take several weeks.

Angioedema in children

Typically, angioedema is most common in people older than 20 years and less often - in the elderly.Children angioedema is hereditary and can grow to a large size, which manifests itself in one or the other place.Often it is combined with urticaria.

complexity of diagnosis and treatment of angioedema in children is that children are not always able to adequately assess their condition.Since this allergic reaction can lead to swelling of the larynx and asphyxia, parents need to closely monitor the reaction of the child.If it is difficult to breathe, and the skin on his face acquired bluish color, you should immediately call an ambulance.

Laryngeal edema can last from hours to days.If your child complains of tingling palate and tongue, after which there is vomiting and diarrhea, as well as a sharp pain in the abdomen, as swelling can affect the gastrointestinal tract.If angioedema fever, pain in the joints can start in children, comes great excitement, some children lose consciousness.

Parents should remember that any medicines, drugs and foods can trigger angioedema in children, in the event of sudden allergic reaction as it is possible to isolate the baby quickly on contact with the allergen, and deliver it to the hospital.

Attention!

This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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