1. Acute bronchitis in children
3. Symptoms of acute bronchitis
Bronchitis - diseasecharacterized by inflammation of the bronchial mucosa.Depending on how severely affected the bronchial tubes, distinguish acute bronchitis and acute bronchiolitis (inflammation of the small branches of the bronchial tree - the bronchioles).
There are two main types of acute bronchitis: primary and secondary.Primary acute bronchitis - a form of the disease in which inflammation is limited only by the bronchi.Secondary acute bronchitis usually develops on the background of another illness or appears as its complications (acute respiratory viral infections, measles, ingress of foreign bodies in the bronchi).
In the standard course of the disease the inflammation extends only to the mucosa, which after recovery is fully restored.In severe disease the inflammation can spread to the submucosal and muscle layer of the bronchi, which contributes to the emergence of vario
acute obstructive bronchitis - a form of the disease in which inflammation in the background develops a complication (obstruction), accompanied by edema and the accumulation of large amounts of mucus in the airways, thereby reducing vascular permeability (ventilation capacity).Acute obstructive bronchitis in children treated with the use of inhalers.In addition, when obstructive bronchitis appointed certain procedures to facilitate the release of the bronchi, the restoration of the blood circulation and the cessation of spasms.A distinctive feature of obstructive bronchitis is a whistling sound while breathing.
reason for the emergence and development of acute obstructive bronchitis in children may be a birth trauma.As a rule, after the competent treatment of obstructive bronchitis, the disease ends complete recovery of the patient.Not until the end of the passed course of treatment can cause the development of chronic progressive form with multiple comorbidities.
Acute bronchitis in children - a phenomenon by no means rare, occurring as a result of self-medication or the wrong treatment of colds.
Acute bronchitis in children may occur as a complication after previous infection (ARI or ARI) or flu.Severe hypothermia can also cause the development of diseases.These seasonal factors, such as humidity and sudden changes in temperature can provoke acute bronchitis in children.That is why the spring and autumn, the risk of developing the disease is significantly higher than in summer or winter.
main symptom of acute bronchitis in children is a common ailment, accompanied by a dry cough and a runny nose.In the first couple of days the child's body temperature can reach 38 ° C, but if the disease is mild, the body temperature can rise.
After a few weeks of dry cough gradually turns into a wet, due to the discharge of phlegm formed in the bronchi of the child.The appearance of the sputum in acute bronchitis in children - a good sign, which indicates that the disease is receding.The duration of the disease, usually from 1 to 3 weeks.Untimely initiation of treatment may cause various complications, including pneumonia.
disease Among the main reasons for the emergence and development of acute bronchitis can distinguish infections (bacteria, viruses, fungi, etc.), allergies, exposure to chemical or physical factors.
Pathogens acute respiratory infections, measles, influenza, rubella and whooping cough can cause the development of diseases.In addition a number of physical and chemical stimuli, such as cold or hot air, chlorine, dust, ammonia, sulfur compounds, can trigger the occurrence of disease.
The main symptoms of acute bronchitis can be distinguished sense of lethargy and weakness, dry painful cough, mucous or muco-purulent sputum.During long bouts of coughing may occur headache and dizziness.Also in this disease often tickle and sits down behind the breastbone.Such a symptom of acute bronchitis, a fever, there is not in all cases.
If it affects the small airways of the patient is usually more severe, due to the development of bronchial obstruction (difficulty breathing due to violation of patency of the bronchi).There have been and are the symptoms of acute bronchitis, as the swelling of the bronchial mucosa, as well as the allocation of viscous mucus, which prevents cross-bronchial tree.Thus, developed shortness of breath and general weakness intensified.
worth noting that after 2-3 weeks of acute bronchitis symptoms usually disappear and the patient recovers.Protracted course of the disease is marked in case the results are visible only after 4-6 weeks, or do not appear at all at this time.The disease can be complicated by pneumonia or bronchiolitis.Also in some cases the viral infection on day 5-8 joins bacterial flora.
Treatment Treatment of acute bronchitis in most cases takes place in an outpatient setting.In severe disease, such as acute obstructive syndrome or pneumonia, the patient is hospitalized.
Treatment of acute bronchitis involves constant drinking plenty of fluids, the use of mucolytic (phlegm) and expectorant drugs.In the room where the patient is located, smoking should be banned.In addition, this room is recommended regularly aired.In the treatment of acute bronchitis are also used means of facilitating the expansion of the bronchi, in order to eliminate spasms.In the treatment of acute bronchitis in severe appointed antibiotics.
Treatment of acute bronchitis, dry cough accompanied by a pronounced, is the use of codeine (0.015 g) and sodium hydrogen carbonate (0.3 g) two to three times per day.Also appointed expectorants such as infusion Thermopsis (0.8 g per 200 ml should take one tablespoon 6-8 times a day);3% potassium iodide solution (you must take one tablespoon six times a day);Bromhexine (recommended to take 8 mg three or four times a day for seven days).
acute bronchitis treatment also includes the use of inhalation expectorants, heated alkaline mineral water, mucolytics, 2% sodium hydrogen carbonate solution, aniseed and eucalyptus oil using the steam or a handheld nebulizer.Inhalation should be performed five minutes, three or four times a day for 3-5 days.
This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.
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