Osteochondrosis - symptoms, treatment


1. reasons osteochondrosis

2. Types and symptoms

3. Treatment of osteochondrosis

Osteochondrosis - a disease characterized by degenerative-distroficheskimi changes vertebrae and intervertebral discs.

Scientists call this disease "disease of civilization", as it relates to human bipedal locomotion and an increasing load on the spine in the modern world.Typically, low back pain starts to develop in young people 20-25 years.

reasons osteochondrosis

exact cause of osteochondrosis development has not been established.Experts point to the factors that contribute to its development.

traumatic factor.Constant excessive load (microtrauma) contribute to accelerated wear of the spine vertebral discs.Antifiziologicheskie posture (working in a bent position for a long time, a long stay in the same position) lead to the formation of subluxations in the intervertebral joints.

Pathology of the locomotor system.Flat, shortening one leg lyumbalizatsiya vertebral pathology and similar h

elp to increase the load on the spine and, as a result, accelerate degenerative processes.

age factor.The development of osteochondrosis, many doctors refer to manifestations of the natural aging of the human body.

vascular factor.The relationship between the decrease in blood flow (ischemic processes) and the acceleration of the pathological processes in the spine.

factor is hormonal changes.Natural hormonal changes the body (pregnancy, lactation, menopause, menopause) cause increase in degenerative processes.

Factor endocrine and hormonal disorders.The development of osteochondrosis contribute to diseases such as obesity, diabetes, myxedema (thyroid inflammatory disease) and others.

Types and symptoms

symptoms of osteochondrosis depend on the localization of the pathological process.

osteochondrosis of the cervical spine.In the cervical spine are located blood vessels that feed the brain.Degenerative changes of the department heads are insufficiently supplied with blood.This often leads to violations of cerebral circulation.

main symptom of degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine is a headache.The pain usually is permanent, strengthened in the morning and during movement.It occurs in the back of his head and gives parietal-temporal area.Pain is often accompanied by dizziness, flashing before your eyes, "flies", colored spots.

In addition, quite often a pinched nerve contributes to the appearance of the scalp tenderness, pain in the throat, neck.Pain sometimes grabs the arm, shoulder.It can be weakened or strengthened at the corners of the head or a change in body position.

The signs of degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine include:

  • fluctuations in blood pressure;
  • tinnitus, hearing impairment;
  • visual impairment;
  • impaired coordination of movements and gait;
  • hoarseness or voice weakening;
  • tooth decay;
  • snoring during sleep.

thoracic spine osteochondrosis.The manifestations of osteochondrosis of this type can be varied and depend on the localization of the disease, the degree of its severity.

Compression of the nerve roots leads to thoracic intercostal neuralgia.It is manifested by severe pain in the chest, which becomes more intense during inspiration, some movements, coughing, laughing.Pain increases after a long stay in one position for a person, or after exercise.Osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine is often the cause of diseases of the stomach, lungs, heart and other organs.

osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine.This type of degenerative disc disease often affects people for a long time conductor of "sedentary work" (driver working at the computer).

symptom of degenerative disc disease of the lumbar spine is an aching pain that intensifies with sudden movements (lifting, sneezing, coughing) and long stay in one position.After the bent posture is difficult to straighten the patient's back, sometimes severe pain prevents even move.Pain is significantly reduced in the horizontal position of the body.Relief brings squatting or lying on the healthy side.

Pain in osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine is often localized in the lower back, giving back to the legs, pelvis, often in the pelvic organs.Overloading the muscles of the spine as a result of an awkward movement, weight lifting causes lumbago back.Lumbar spinal osteochondrosis often manifests itself in violation of sensitivity, numbness in the area of ​​pain.The patient may feel tingling, "pins and needles Run Games".Often the symptoms of osteoarthritis added spasm of the arteries of feet, a decrease in skin temperature on your feet, chilly feet.Some patients are dry and peeling skin, sweating disorders.

Treatment of osteochondrosis

therapy of this disease is aimed at eliminating pain, restore spinal function, preventing the development of degenerative pathologies of the spine.

duration of treatment of degenerative disc disease of the spine depends on the severity of the disease, age of the patient, methods of treatment.

In the complex treatment of diseases of the following therapies are used.

1.Lechebnaya exercise.It is one of the main methods of treatment of degenerative disc disease.Therapeutic exercise includes the joint exercises and exercises for rehabilitation equipment.Its result is the normalization of the power of the intervertebral discs, metabolism, the formation of the correct muscular system and reducing the load on the spine.

2.Fizioterapiya.This method uses for treatment effects on the laser, ultrasound, magnetic fields, low-frequency currents.Through the use of physiotherapy treatment duration is greatly reduced, increasing efficiency.

3.Massazh.An effective method for removal of muscular pain, stress, improve blood circulation, strengthen the overall body.

4.Manualnaya therapy.This method of treatment of osteochondrosis gives you the opportunity to restore normal mobility of organs, improve blood circulation, lymphocirculation, to prevent worsening of the disease.

5.Traktsiya (hood) of the spine.With the help of special equipment to increase the intervertebral space.It helps to restore proper spinal form, eliminate pain.

6.Refleksoterapiya.Is the impact of special techniques on acupuncture points and reflex zones of the human body.

Surgical treatment of degenerative disc disease of the spine is carried out at the ineffectiveness of conservative therapy or special indications.The surgical procedure is dependent on the extent of disease and symptoms.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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