19 May

Causes and symptoms of osteoarthritis of joints , treatment

Contents:

1. Causes and symptoms

2. Osteoarthritis of the knee

3. Deforming osteoarthritis

4. treatment of disease

5. Peopletreatment of osteoarthritis

osteoarthritis - a disease of the joints, which occur when the degenerative changes of the articular cartilage and adjacent bone and, as a consequence, there is pain and joint stiffness.The disease is characterized by chronic course.

Osteoarthritis Joints - quite a common disease, especially in elderly people.

Causes and symptoms

Primary osteoarthritis develops in violation of the function of cells that synthesize the components of cartilage.For this reason, articular cartilage loses elasticity and becomes thinner crack.Its surface becomes rough, resulting in sliding of the articular surfaces is difficult, there are painful, "crunch" stiffness.

In secondary osteoarthritis of the joint

s of his cause could be another disease, such as Paget's disease, joint trauma, infection.

most often secondary osteoarthritis of the joints occurs in people whose work is connected with hypothermia, physical exertion.Obesity, overweight, sedentary lifestyle and endocrine system diseases are among the main factors of the development of osteoarthritis.

symptoms of osteoarthritis of the joints develop gradually.First, there is pain, which is aggravated by physical effort.After sleeping may occur joint stiffness, disappearing after 30 minutes after the start of physical activity.With the development of osteoarthritis of the joints gradually lose mobility, there is a pain when moving.Especially pronounced is a pain in osteoarthritis of the knee.

Osteoarthritis of the knee

symptoms of osteoarthritis of the knee is swelling and pain in the knees while moving and at rest, morning stiffness.

knee joint consists of the surfaces of the tibia, a small tibia and the femur, it is supported by several groups of ligaments.The joint is located in a sealed capsule (synovial), which is filled with synovial fluid.The synovial capsule is part of the joint capsule.

cartilage that covers the articular surfaces of bones, providing cushioning and slipping the bone in the joint during movement.

articular cartilage is 98% of the matrix (cartilage matrix), the main components of which are collagen and proteoglycans.Collagen forms a fibrous durable frame and proteoglycans give cartilage elasticity properties.

With the development of osteoarthritis of the knee matrix loses its elasticity, it cracks, which expose the articular surfaces of bones.Synovial inflammation occurs, the viscosity decreases and the elasticity of the synovial fluid.Joint capsule thickens.The bones, which is under the cartilage, formed cysts and osteophytes (bony spines) that impede movement.As a result of all this, there is pain - the main symptom of osteoarthritis of the knee.

Deforming osteoarthritis

Deforming osteoarthritis is caused by degeneration (destruction) of the articular cartilage, in which the altered bone surface formed osteophytes and inflamed synovial sheath.

Separate primary and secondary deforming osteoarthrosis.Primary osteoarthritis appears in healthy cartilage under the influence of physical activity.In secondary deforming osteoarthritis is the destruction of cartilage has previously altered.

Causes of primary osteoarthritis deforming uncertain.The following factors that provoke this disease:

  • genetic predisposition;
  • functional overload of the joint;
  • joint injury;
  • defects in the structure of the musculoskeletal system - dysplasia, flat feet, scoliosis of the spine;
  • endocrine disorders;
  • overweight;
  • circulatory disorders;
  • arthritis;
  • intoxication;
  • unbalanced diet;
  • borne viral diseases;

causes of secondary osteoarthritis deforming called:

  • joint injury;
  • metabolic disorders of the body - gout, ochronosis, hemochromatosis;
  • endocrine diseases - diabetes, acromegaly;
  • articular bone diseases - infectious and rheumatoid arthritis;
  • aseptic necrosis of bone.

The most severe form is osteoarthritis deforming coxarthrosis.

Treatment of osteoarthritis disease treatment is aimed at eliminating pain and limitation of joint mobility.In the early stages of osteoarthritis joint prescribe conservative treatment: drug therapy, massage, physiotherapy.In the later stages it is recommended surgery, often arthroplasty.

When conservative treatment the patient should take special medication regularly.In addition, it is recommended weight loss, use of crutches or a cane for unloading the diseased joint.Good effect gives physiotherapy.

in the treatment of osteoarthritis used two groups of drugs.The first group - a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.They relieve pain and inflammation in the joint and appointed courses in exacerbations of the disease.The second group of drugs - chondroprotectors.These drugs slow down the destruction of the cover of articular cartilage and stimulate its recovery.These drugs are used in courses of 6-12 months.

Along with traditional methods of treatment are often practiced, and the treatment of osteoarthritis folk ways.

People's treatment of osteoarthritis

various folk remedies often used in osteoarthritis joints.

Popular decoctions different herbs that help reduce inflammation and relieve pain in the affected joint.The national treatment of osteoarthritis following broths used:

  • in the same proportions mixed eucalyptus leaves, grass, violets, mint, thyme, St. John's wort, aspen bark, pine buds, hawthorn.Two tablespoons of the mixture pour a liter of boiling water.Insist, take 100 grams of five times a day.The course of treatment of about 2-4 months.
  • in equal proportions take willow bark, juniper, calendula, horsetail herb, nettle leaves, elder flowers.Two tablespoons of this mixture is poured liter of boiling water.12 hours insist taken 3-5 times a day for treatment duration of 100 - about two months.

osteoarthritis Treatment involves traditional methods and application of topical:

  • Mix a tablespoon of turpentine oil, two tablespoons of castor oil.Rub the joint before going to bed twice a week.
  • 2-3 pods of red pepper pour 500 grams of vodka.Insist 9-10 days in a dark place.Tincture rubbed joints.

should be noted that any of the methods of treatment of osteoarthritis folk recipes can bring effect only after prolonged and constant use.

Attention!

This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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