19 May

Smallpox - types, forms , symptoms and treatments

Contents:

1. Symptoms

2. Chickenpox in children

3. Treatment smallpox

The disease is a contagious viral infection of nature, which in itsturn, capable of striking people only.

for smallpox is characterized by general intoxication of the organism and the peculiar rash on the skin and mucous membranes.People ill with smallpox, many scars remain on the skin.

The cause of smallpox are two types of virus - the causative agent of smallpox and pathogen alastrima.The death of these viruses occurs when heated to 600C in half an hour, while heating from 70 to 1000C - 1-5 minutes.Neutralize pox virus can be in the home with an alcohol, acetone, ether, and hydrochloric acid.

Experts distinguish between two types of the disease.

1. Smallpox

This viral disease is acute flow.In this case, smallpox appears the same in children and adults.In addition to the above symptoms, fever marked.Eruptions on the skin and mucous membranes initially resemble small stains, but over time, they become success

ively vesicles and pustules on the spot where the crust is formed, and then the scars.

2. Chickenpox

In children and adults, the disease occurs with moderate intoxication, a rash has many forms.Transmission is by droplets, so in kindergartens often occurs with smallpox virus outbreaks.

Symptoms

varicella in adults and children, the duration of the incubation period of 8-12 days, the initial symptoms are severe tearing pain, feeling of chills, fever, thirst, vomiting and dizziness.

The rash usually appears 2-4 day.The main site of its localization is the area on either side of the chest (pectoral muscles by up to armpits).

In addition, it is worth noting that when smallpox is spotty rash (not held for a few hours), and hemorrhagic, which is much higher than the first duration.

It is worth noting that, after just 4 days, symptoms of the disease become less pronounced.

Ospina, appeared on the mucous membrane of the mouth / throat, colon, trachea, oropharynx, female genital mutilation or the urethra, in the absence of appropriate treatment of chicken pox can become eroded.

Usually 8-9 day of illness occurs suppuration previously formed bubbles.Children pox can lead to seizures in adults to impaired consciousness, increased excitement and delirium.

dries and crusts disappear within 1-2 weeks.

Currently there Varioloid vaccine that is able to prolong the incubation period of 15-17 days.After smallpox vaccination symptoms become less severe, the formation of pustules and scars were observed.Skin remains in its original form, and complete recovery occurs within 2 weeks.

Chickenpox in children

virus that causes smallpox, may be the cause of zoster.Most often pox occurs in children aged 4 to 9 years old.It is noted that in this period, the disease has a favorable shape that can not be said about smallpox in children older than 10 years.Infants are more in the first six months of his life protected from the virus by maternal antibodies that are in milk.At this age, smallpox is transferred in an easy manner, and the child to the disease produces strong immunity.

rash covering the body of a child, does not strike the hands and feet.

Some children pox occurs in atypical forms, which are characterized by:

- rudimentary form (rash represent the individual bubbles);

- generalized form (Severe smallpox, characterized by lesions of the internal organs, namely the lungs, kidneys and brain);

- gangrenous form (on the site of the bubbles formed suppuration, leading to the formation in their place of deep ulcers);

- a form of hemorrhagic (bleeding content of bubbles in the mucous membranes and on the skin).

development of atypical forms of smallpox occurs mostly in infants, children with a reduced immune response in frail children against the background of a bacterial infection, in patients suffering from various disorders of the circulatory system.

smallpox

Treatment Treatment of this disease should be carried out in a specially equipped hospital.Particular importance is given to topical treatment with the defeat of the eyes, ears and mouth.

Currently there are no specific treatments for smallpox.

In severe disease requires detoxification therapy, conduct which is carried out by introducing a protein and water-electrolyte solutions.Smallpox Treatment proceeding with complications, conducted with the help of broad-spectrum antibiotics.

Extract from the hospital only after a full defection scales formed on the site of the bubbles.

pox treatment in children in most cases does not take a long period of time.In mild and moderate form of the disease is its own, without any complications.Therapy, in this case is symptomatic.

Up to 5 days after the appearance of the last eruption a child to be isolated, which can be done at home.Treatment of varicella in this case consists of bed rest, milk and vegetable diet abundant warm drink.In addition, it is necessary to monitor the purity of a child underwear (underwear / bed) and his hands.The rash should be treated with a solution of potassium permanganate / brilliant green.

If the body temperature exceeds 38.5 ° C, should be carried out reception of fever-reducing medications (Paracetamol, Ibuprofen).If you have a pronounced itching, treatment of varicella in children should include receiving antihistamines (oral and externally).

treatment of smallpox and severe atypical form requires receiving antiviral drugs orally or by intravenous injection.

Chickenpox in adults can lead to several complications, as often happens adherence of pathogenic microbes, failures of adaptation mechanisms of the endocrine and immune systems.

The most common:

1. Lesions respiratory herpetic nature:

- tracheitis (inflammation of the mucous membrane of the trachea);

- pneumonia (inflammation of lung tissue);

- laryngitis (inflammation of the mucous membranes of the larynx).

2. Pathology organs responsible for detoxification:

- nephritis (inflammatory kidney disease);

- hepatitis (an inflammatory disease of the liver);

- abscesses in the liver.

3. nervous system

- meningitis;

- swelling and the formation of cysts in the brain.

Besides chicken pox in adults can lead to arthritis, myocarditis, hemorrhagic syndrome and increased thrombosis.

That is why the treatment of smallpox in adults, primarily aimed at the prevention of serious complications.Recommended intake

antiviral drugs in the form of ointments, pills and solutions, which introduction is carried out without involvement of the gastrointestinal tract.Most effective in this case is considered Acyclovir, but the treatment of severe forms of disease it is not used.

the presence of purulent deposits, treatment of varicella includes receiving antimicrobials.

Emergency prevention of smallpox in adults carried out using an immunoglobulin by administering or performing vaccinations.

Attention!

This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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