1. main reasons oligoastenoteratozoospermii
3. Treatment oligoastenoteratozoospermii
Oligoastenoteratozoospermiya (male infertility) is a combination of disorders that include oligozoospermia(low concentration of spermatozoa), asthenozoospermia (moving forward sperm less than 50%) and teratozoospermia (normal and full-fledged sperm is less than 50%).
The disease is usually caused by various factors.This disease is divided into secretory, excretory, immune, idiopathic, and mixed forms.Approximately a third of male infertility caused by idiopathic oligoastenoteratozoospermiey.
Development oligoastenoteratozoospermii due to an internal failure in the functioning of the body, which leads to infertility.The main role in the occurrence of this disease play a breach in the development of the reproductive system - for example, aplasia or hypoplasia of the testicles and their appendages.
Very often causes oligoastenoterato
major role in the occurrence of oligoastenoteratozoospermii play transferred infections have bacterial or viral nature (typhoid, syphilis, tuberculosis, mumps, and so on.).
important aspect in the development of this disease is a bad environment at the place of residence, as well as the dangerous conditions of professional activity.For example, a negative impact on the male body has a job at a very high ambient temperature or work in conditions of electromagnetic fields (at high frequencies and intensity of ionizing radiation).Great damage can cause the male body works with lead, pesticides, mercury, acids, alkalis, cadmium, arsenic, zinc and herbicides.
oligoastenoteratozoospermii Another reason is the wrong way of life, which has a negative impact on the male body as a whole.The devastating effect on the body the stronger sex also has excessive use of alcohol, tranquilizers, antidepressants, drug use and smoking.
oligoastenoteratozoospermii As for symptoms, it is external clinical evidence does not show that, and difficult to diagnose disease.
Diagnosis Diagnosis of the disease is carried out on the basis of the results of semen analysis.Today semen - is the main source through which determine the deviations from the norm.The World Health Organization has established specific criteria for normal sperm.They are used in medical practice in all countries of our planet.
Spermogram - this is a very important procedure, which is performed only in specialized laboratories in compliance with all required conditions.This analysis is quite complex and requires highly professional laboratory doctors.Implement it very carefully.
order of semen were as accurate as possible, doctors recommend to carry out this analysis several times, as the data semen results may be influenced by various factors.
Today world medicine came to substantial progress of male infertility.This success is directly related to the introduction into clinical practice of ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection).This method of treatment makes it possible to representatives of the stronger sex have offspring even in the most disappointing diagnosis, such as: asthenozoospermia, theratozoospermia and oligozoospermia.Since oligoastenoteratozoospermiya is a combination of all three of these diseases, such a method of treatment as ICSI, will also resolve this pathology.
ICSI method is the penetration of the sperm into the ooplasm, which has been previously designated by morphological characters.Currently, a technique intracytoplasmic sperm injection based on programs such as PE and IVF.This method is today considered the most effective treatment oligoastenoteratozoospermii, therefore, used in almost all countries of the world.
When ICSI method displays only a single sperm, as opposed to IVF (in ECO program successful fertilization depends on the presence of a huge number of sperm).This suggests that all is not important for efficient fertilization using ICSI sperm count.When choosing a sperm, technicians pay attention only to its mobility, as well as, normal morphology (commending her on the Kruger criteria).
To oligoastenoteratozoospermii treatment using intracytoplasmic sperm injection was successful, men should have a healthy and motile sperm in the ejaculate or the egg, and the woman - quality oocytes.
This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.
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