Nosebleeds - causes, treatment , first aid


1. Causes of epistaxis

2. Help with epistaxis

3. Treatment of epistaxis

4. treatment of nasal bleeding using traditional medicine

Nosebleed is a common medical condition that is difficult for many diseases.It may be due to injury, hypertension, coagulation disorders, in other diseases, as well as strong physical load.

not uncommon in children are bleeding.Since the baby's nose is relatively small, and the nasal passages are narrow, delicate nasal mucosa is very easy to injure.In most cases this is associated with damage to the choroid plexus in the nasal septum (90%).

Often people who suffer from nosebleeds do not seek medical help, and it is used to stop a simple self-help techniques.

Causes of epistaxis

Because, bleeding from the nose can be a self-manifestation and symptom of a number of diseases, it is necessary first to identify its cause.

One of the most common causes of epistaxis is trauma (for example, by picking the nose) or the presence of foreign bodies

in the nasal openings.Nosebleeds in children often occur due to these reasons.

addition, diseases that can become a cause of epistaxis, can be acute and chronic rhinitis, and nasal tumors - benign and malignant.

As for the reasons of a general nature, they are diverse, and include:

  • CCC diseases (hypertension, heart disease, atherosclerosis of the blood vessels and their various anomalies);
  • coagulopathy (blood system diseases, hemorrhagic diathesis, avitaminosis and hypovitaminosis, various disease states associated with blood clotting disorders);
  • fever due to acute infectious diseases, as well as under the influence of high temperatures outside (when overheating, heat and sunstroke);
  • curvature of the nasal septum, which is accompanied by a bleeding and difficulty breathing;
  • bleeding as a result of sudden pressure changes (pathological syndromes in diving, flying, climbing practice);
  • bleeding caused by hormonal imbalance (at puberty, during pregnancy).

Nosebleeds in children can also occur due to dry indoor air, where they are located.Parched nasal mucosa shrinks with the wall of the blood vessel, thus it loses its strength and elasticity.As a result, when blowing the nose or sneezing, it breaks with her shriveled blood vessel and provoke bleeding.

symptoms nosebleeds are:

  • blood leakage from the nasal openings;
  • blood dripping on the back of the throat.

Nosebleed may begin suddenly, sometimes even during sleep.It can be unilateral or bilateral and is characterized by varying degrees of intensity and duration.It is characterized as copious blood in the form of a jet, so small in the form of droplets.

bleeding danger that the patient swallows, is that getting into the stomach, the blood can cause bloody vomiting.Prolonged latent bleeding occurs or fainting, which manifest themselves in the form of pale skin, cold sweat, weak and rapid pulse, blood pressure reduction.

Help with epistaxis

First aid for epistaxis involves the following set of measures:

  • necessary to seat the patient so that the head is above the body;
  • patient should tilt your head slightly forward to avoid getting blood in the nasal passages and mouth;
  • in any case can not blow his nose and throw back his head back, as it can increase bleeding;
  • need to unbutton clothes and provide fresh air.It is desirable that the patient inhales through the nose and exhale through the mouth, especially in the nosebleeds in children & lt ;;
  • enter into the nasal passages turundy gauze or cotton balls, pre-moistened their 3% solution of hydrogen peroxide, or 0.1% naftizina.Then, press the sides of the nose to the partition;
  • put a chill on the nose and the back of his head on 20 minutes, it should be warm feet.

Such measures help to reduce the circulation of blood in the nose bleeding and weakening.

If after the action blood is not stopped, it is necessary to seek medical help.It is also an urgent need to see a doctor, if in addition to nasal bleeding, a patient suffering from diseases such as blood clotting, hypertension and diabetes.

Skilled care during epistaxis needed in the case of unconscious or-headed, as well as on the background of the bloody vomiting bleeding.

When the patient regularly takes drugs such as ibuprofen, aspirin, and heparin also need to see a specialist.

further bleeding therapy holds an audiologist at the hospital.

Treatment of epistaxis

If the bleeding is caused by local factors, your doctor may carry out moxibustion damaged vessels in various ways: with liquid nitrogen, electricity or a laser.

indications to cauterize blood vessels are:

  • recurrent bleeding;
  • profuse bleeding;
  • unsuccessful attempts to stop the bleeding in other ways;
  • anemia as a result of recurrent bleeding.

the presence of polyps and foreign bodies in the nasal passages is necessary to remove them.

If the causes of nasal bleeding general, it is assigned a comprehensive examination, and shall be necessary analyzes.

In the case of severe bleeding produce tamponade nasal gauze and the introduction of hemostatic agents.When a large loss of blood is carried to the completion of the treatment of blood volume.

In some situations, to stop bleeding from the nose have to resort to surgery for ligation or occlusion of large blood vessels that provide blood flow to the damaged area.

In addition, you must find out the cause, provoke bleeding, because in some cases, it is merely a symptom of underlying disease.

correct diagnosis and timely treatment can prevent the adverse effects of nasal bleeding.

treatment of nasal bleeding using traditional medicine

known method of treatment of nasal bleeding is the use of nasal drops yarrow juice.You can also use powdered wet leaves of the plants by placing them in the nasal passages.

Another way of national treatment of nasal bleeding is to use a mixture of water, lemon and vinegar (a glass of water, 1 teaspoon vinegar, lemon juice quarter), which need to be drawn into the nose and hold for 3-5 min., Holding the nostrils.This is followed by easy to stand or sit, but does not lay down.On the nose and forehead to put ice or cold wet towel.

Another means stop nasal bleeding is an old proven method: if the blood is coming from the left nostril, the left hand must be raised above the head and hold the right nostril and vice versa.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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