Nocturia - Causes, Symptoms , Treatments


1. clinical picture of the disease

2. Nocturia women

3. treatment of nocturia

Nocturia is a condition in which there is a predominance of the nightamount of urine daily.At the same time the patient is forced to frequently go to the toilet at night, which disturbs his sleep, causing chronic fatigue and reduces efficiency.

In a healthy person, this condition may occur if you frequently consume caffeinated beverages in the evening.Beverages such as coffee, tea, and alcohol produces a pronounced diuretic effect.Experts point out that a trip to the toilet for the night - a variant of the norm, but if urination occurs more than once, it is a signal of a possible kidney disease.In this case, the patient should see a specialist for advice.

clinical picture of the disease

Nocturia is a symptom indicating the presence in humans of diseases.For example, its appearance may indicate an inability of the kidneys to concentrate urine fully.Moreover, it can be a sign of serious diseases

such as heart or liver failure, and diabetes mellitus.

cause of nocturia may be a course of treatment with various drugs or overactive bladder.In older men often occurs prostatic enlargement that prevents full urinate, which in turn becomes a factor in the development and nocturia.

If the patient complains of nocturia, he may appoint a special survey - analysis of urine Zimnitsky, the essence of which lies in the fact that during the day with an interval of at three o'clock in the patient urinates into a separate container.Then, in the laboratory compared the volume and the proportion of the daytime and nighttime urine.If nocturia is much larger volume (2/3 of the daily volume) has a nocturnal urine, besides it is not sufficiently concentrated.

In formulating and refining the diagnosis in older patients, it is very often determined by the level of vasopressin (antidiuretic hormone), whose function is to reduce the amount of urine the night.With age changes the body's production of vasopressin decreases, leading to the development of nocturia.

People suffering from this disease, experts recommend keeping a diary in which they record the mode of drinking and urination mode.These records will help the doctor in diagnosing and defining features of the flow of nocturia.

number of reputable medical studies that were conducted in the United States and Japan show that nocturia for a man can have serious consequences, as it significantly increases the risk for the patient's health, until death.Scientists say that mortality in these men is higher than in those with the same major diseases, not burdened with nocturia.Of course, this information is not a reason for panic, as a reason for timely treatment to the doctor.

Nocturia women

If the most common cause of nocturia in men - a prostate adenoma, the causes of nocturia in women often are some diseases of the bladder and kidneys.These include:

  • cystitis;
  • chronic pyelonephritis;
  • cystopyelitis;
  • nephrosclerosis;
  • interstitial nephritis;
  • acute or chronic glomerulonephritis.

In addition, women may be the cause of nocturia incontinence due to atrophy of the pelvic floor muscles.

treatment of nocturia

reason for treatment to the doctor - urologist is frequent (more than once per night) urination at night in the absence of a large amount of liquid you drink in the evening.Upon confirmation of disease symptoms with the help of laboratory tests begin treatment of nocturia, which always involves the diagnosis and treatment of the underlying disease.

When overactive bladder treatment of nocturia carried out by different antimuscarinic drugs.

This dysuria in women, he recommended regular exercise the pelvic floor muscles to the exclusion of fluid intake in the evening hours.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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