Ulcerative Colitis - Symptoms, Treatment


1. Symptoms of ulcerative colitis

2. Causes of ulcerative colitis

3. disease treatment

4. diet for ulcerative colitis

ulcerative colitis is called a prolonged inflammation of the mucosa of the colon and rectum, resulting in the formation of ulcer.The disease is found in people of any age group.And predominantly affects urban residents.

This is a serious illness that often gives complications such as rupture the gut wall, intestinal bleeding, fistulas and abscesses in the intestine, cancer, peritonitis.

When ulcerative colitis may inflame the entire mucosa of the large intestine, or some of its sections.From how widespread inflammation and to what degree it is, dependent symptoms.

Symptoms of ulcerative colitis

main symptom of ulcerative colitis is scant diarrhea and rectal bleeding.In severe illness chair can be up to 20 times per day.In some cases, the feces in it not only stands out blood mixed with pus and mucus.

In some people, symptoms of ulcerative colitis in

stead of liquid stool can be constipation.Most often this phenomenon is observed in lesions of the rectum.Abdominal pain during remission of the disease observed in only half of patients.

In acute symptoms of ulcerative colitis but loose stool or constipation, are the increase in body temperature up to 38 ° C, intoxication and cutting cramping in the abdominal area.Pains worse after eating.

Patients marked weight loss, weakness, fatigue, fatigue.Those who suffer from this disease, there is often a sensitive pain in the anus.

Sometimes people with ulcerative colitis, there are all kinds of damage to the skin, mucous membranes of the eyes and mouth, joint diseases and liver.These effects usually are temporary and occur just before pronounced intestinal symptoms.

Causes of ulcerative colitis

Classical medicine still has no exact data on the causes of the disease.There are suggestions that the emergence of ulcerative colitis contribute:

  • Immune disorders.Many patients in the blood are antibodies that destroy gut tissue.This suggests that the abnormal operation of the immune system of the patient provoked the development of the disease.
  • genetic predisposition.According to studies, people with relatives who observed ulcerative colitis suffer from them is almost 20 times more likely than those who have never in the family of such a disease was not.
  • All sorts of infections.Pathogenic bacteria can cause inflammation of the colon, which then becomes chronic.

disease treatment method of treatment of ulcerative colitis is focused on its symptoms and course.In the acute stage of the disease requires a comprehensive conservative therapy, and in severe cases - surgery.

overall goal of the treatment is aimed at eliminating or reducing symptoms of the disease and prevent its worsening.

If ulcerative colitis is in remission, no special medical measures may not be required.In the case when a liquid stool, its stabilized with certain antidiarrheal drugs and diet.If constipation is used enemas and suppositories.

Conservative treatment exacerbated ulcerative colitis involves the appointment of a patient salicylates (5 aminositsilovoy acid), corticosteroids (prednisolone), hormones (hydrocortisone), corticosteroids (budesonide, beclomethasone and fluticasone Dipropionad) sulfasazalina.

At an exacerbation of the disease when treatment with corticosteroids is ineffective, prescribe immunosuppressants such as cyclosporine, azathioprine, Metotreksad and preparation of a new generation of infliximab.

Many of these drugs have fairly strong side effects, so they are used only under the constant supervision of a specialist.

Then, when conservative therapy does not give a positive result, and surgery is recommended in the development of toxic colitis patients.The operation is necessary if the patient has bowel rupture occurred, or there is excessive bleeding were found malignant tumors in the intestine.In step removes the affected part of the intestine.

With regard to national treatment of ulcerative colitis, it can be allowed only after consulting your doctor.Even innocuous at first glance, herbal teas and fees for ulcerative colitis can cause serious exacerbation of the disease.

general national treatment of ulcerative colitis can only be secondary, but not the main one.Phytotherapy in this case lies in the selection of methods, reduces inflammation and normalizing the chair.This can be a decoction of alder cones, potato juice, enema with herbal infusions, and so on. In any case, practice folk treatment of ulcerative colitis should be cautious, and in the event of suspicious events it immediately stop.

correctly selected ulcerative colitis therapy can control the disease and minimize its symptoms only, subject to certain diet.

diet for ulcerative colitis

diet for ulcerative colitis is based on the maintenance of the recovery process of the affected mucosa in the intestines.Diet in this case must be selected taking into account the tendency of patients to allergic reactions to foods.People suffering from ulcerative colitis, are sensitive to the proteins of milk origin, therefore should be excluded from the diet all dairy products.

diet for ulcerative colitis should include as much as possible foods that reduce intestinal motility.It can be broths and jellies from pears, quince, cherry, cocoa (on the water), strong black and green tea, cereals (except buckwheat), mucous soups.

Ulcerative colitis can be used is not very fresh white bread, cooked in water or weak meat and fish broth soup with potatoes, pasta and rice, boiled lean meat and low-fat varieties of fish.When prolonged remission of the disease may be further introduced into the diet of a few vegetables (zucchini, onions, carrots, cabbage).

The diet should include vegetable oil and ghee.If there is no allergy, patients are allowed to eat blueberries, pomegranates, cranberries.Very useful chokeberry juice.

from the diet is necessary to exclude fiber-rich foods, citrus fruits, melons, watermelons, peaches, grapes, tomatoes, raspberries.It should not be present sweets, fresh bread, pastries, salty and spicy foods.

diet for ulcerative colitis allows the use of eggs, cooked boiled.But they may be present in the diet is not more than one, two or three times a week.Eating should be small portions several times a day.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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