1. reasons nervous tic
2. The main types of the disease
3. Diagnosis and treatment of nervous tic
tic - abrupt, sudden, repeatedmovement of muscles or individual muscle groups.With this phenomenon in more or less severe faced by virtually all people.
most common tic eyes.
The disease can occur in men and women of any age.But, nevertheless, often it manifests the disease in children.
Depending on the cause of the tick is primary or secondary.
Primary (psychogenic) teak develops as an independent pathology of the nervous system.The most common primary tics in children.It usually occurs in the most vulnerable for a child's mental age - 5-7 years.The cause of nervous tic most often psycho-emotional trauma.This can be a one-time stress (fear, parental presence at loggerheads) or constant emotional stress (excessive demands on him, a feeling of dislike mother, abandonment, uselessness).
Secondary (symptomatic) tic is caused by brain diseases.These disea
also cause diseases are diseases in which the movement was forced.Later they established themselves and began to reflexively teak.
There are hereditary diseases in which developing this condition.The cause of nervous tic can be hereditary nature of Tourette's disease.This genetic disease is often in the form of different members of the same family.
This eye pathology can occur due to overexertion, eyestrain.
Depending on the manifestations of this nature ticks are:
1.Litsevye or mimic.These include movement, lips, wink, frequent blinking, twitching of the eyes and other facial muscle movement.In this case, mainly involved in the facial muscles.
2.Golosovye or vocal.The patient says or individual sounds or words and phrases.He can repeat their phrase or the end of phrases spoken by others (echolalia), pronounce curses.These tics are characterized by involvement in the pathological process of multiple muscle groups.
3.Neproizvolnye arm and leg movements.For this type of disease are clapping hands, bouncing, pritopyvaniya.
There are local or limited tics (movements involving the same muscle group) and generalized tics (movements involving several muscle groups).
When ticks simple movements consist of a single element, such as a nervous tic eyes.Complex tics are characterized by complex, coordinated movements, uncontrollable, for example, pritopyvaniya.
Manifestations of nervous tic symptoms occurs gradually.Usually these symptoms are noticed by others.The patient can feel approaching attack.Sometimes, even, it is able to pull his willpower, but not for long.In most cases the attack teak manifested in fatigue or stress.But the described symptoms during periods of calm.
tic does not contribute to the deterioration of the nervous system or reduce the patient's mental abilities.But it causes a significant deterioration of mental and emotional state of a person.This is particularly evident in the development of this disease in children.He ticks attack increases with crowds and in stressful situations.
Quite often in children, the disease is combined with hyperactivity, manifested restlessness, inability to concentrate, inattentive, restless sleep.
The disease diagnoses and treats a neurologist.Initially, patients undergoing neurological and psychiatric examination.The survey excludes organic brain damage and mental illness.Professional advice is especially important in cases where signs of the disease mistaken for indecent behavior.Thus on the patient carried a significant public pressure, which contributes to further complication of the disease.
most often do not require special treatment of nervous tic.The most common underlying condition is treated, causes this condition.
In order to normalize the emotional state of the patient in the treatment of this condition is prescribed mild sedatives.It may be drugs or herbal fees - valerian, motherwort tincture and others.
usually nervous tic treatment of the child only requires a normalization of mental and emotional conditions in its environment, most notably in the family.In more severe cases of the disease the patient is recommended psychotherapy.Moreover, in the case of a child must undergo psychotherapy and his parents.Usually a nervous tic in children extends to the age of the formation of the hormone.
For the treatment of disease in adults in the case of persistent localized forms used means of neurotoxic effects.They cause blockage of nerve impulses that arrive to the muscle motor.To do this most commonly prescribed Botox injections.This method of treatment is used in severe cases nervous tic eyes.
addition to the above methods, special physiotherapy, massage effectively used in the treatment of this disease.
This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.
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