Aortic valve - symptoms, treatment


1. Causes of aortic valvular heart

2. Symptoms of aortic valve

3. Treatment of aortic valve regurgitation

aortic valve called a secondcommon after mitral heart disease, which is more common in men than in women.In a normal heart the aortic valve opens to push blood from the left ventricle into the aorta.In the interval between contractions of the heart it is tightly closed, preventing the return of blood from the aorta stuffing.

When aortal valve can not be closed completely, and some of the blood from the aorta at each contraction of the heart gets back into the left ventricle.As a result, in the general circulation of the body there is a lack of blood.In order to compensate for this deficiency, the heart has to work in emergency mode.As a result, the muscles of his sealed and size increases.

Aortic valve may be small and do not bother a person for decades.Such a situation exists in small amounts be injected from the aorta to the left ventricle the blood.Lack of physical

discomfort due to the fact that the heart is easily adapted to a more heavy duty work and cope with the normal amount of blood ejected.

However, even if the heart is not worried, and a little pathology of the aortic valve exists, you can not treat this lightly.It is likely that over time, the amount of blood falling back to increase the load on the heart will increase and there will be significant disruptions of cardiac rhythm.

When such failures is often that the patient's condition deteriorates significantly.Irreversible changes in the structure of the heart, there is a phenomenon of heart failure.This is a difficult syndrome, which threatens death.Patients in this condition very often have to do the replacement of the aortic valve.

Causes of aortic valvular heart

heart aortic valve insufficiency may be congenital or acquired.Birth defects are the result of the formation of the fetus bicuspid aortic valve, aortic pathologies, etc.Congenital bicuspid valve instead of the normal tricuspid - a fairly common phenomenon.People with this type of valve can not experience a lifetime of heart problems.However, the medical supervision they need.

Regarding the acquired defect of the aortic valve, its most common causes are:

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis;
  • Atherosclerosis;
  • Infective endocarditis;
  • lupus erythematosus;
  • Rheumatism;
  • Rheumatic fever;
  • Syphilis;
  • Age-valve wear;
  • Autoimmune diseases;
  • Hypertension;
  • Injuries to the thorax.

Sometimes the cause of the pathology becomes radiation therapy of the chest cavity or prosthetic aortic valve.There is the risk of a partial failure of the valve with hypertension, rheumatoid spondylitis, aortic aneurysm.

Symptoms of aortic valve

aortic valve heart disease is classified according to the degree to which the difference is the amount of blood that returns from the aorta back.If aortic valve regurgitation 1 degree of its volume does not exceed 15% of the withdrawn blood into the aorta.Aortic valve 2 is marked extent when thrown back from 15% to 30% of blood.At 3 degrees vice this volume is increased to 50%, with a vice 4 degrees enters the left ventricle blood more than half.

Symptoms of the disease depends on its extent.Aortic valve of 1 degree in general often has no symptoms and causes no discomfort to man.With the failure of the aortic valve of 1 degree can be especially not to limit physical activity, and even sports.But excessive exercise should be avoided, since they are capable of provoking a complication blemish.

If aortic valve regurgitation grade 2 the situation is similar.And she and the other degree in the majority of cases are detected during the examination, when a person makes an electrocardiogram.With aortic defect grade 3-4 is not the case.In this case, there are:

  • Vertigo with abrupt change of posture;
  • Strong heart tremors;
  • Confused and loss of consciousness;
  • throbbing headache;
  • pain in the heart;
  • noise feeling in the ears;
  • Sleep disturbances;
  • Fatigue;
  • Throbbing in the head and neck;
  • Transient blurred vision;
  • Shortness of breath;
  • Arrhythmia;
  • Tachycardia.

If you have these symptoms should be possible to restrict the exercise and kept under the supervision of cardiologists.These degrees are severe defect, therefore, require careful behavior, careful observance of the regime of the day and even diet.

Treatment of aortic valve regurgitation

While patients diagnosed aortic valvular 1 degree and aortic valve regurgitation grade 2, a special cardiology and therapeutic treatment is not required.They just need to continuously monitor and regularly by a cardiologist to do an ECG and ultrasound.

Common treatments for aortic valve regurgitation grade 3 and 4 do not.In order to determine how conservative therapy, you first need to find out the cause of the defect and treat the disease led to his appearance.And then to start treatment of aortic valve insufficiency.

Drug therapy in this case is the appointment of cardiac glycosides;Izolanida, strofantinom, Korglikon, Tselanida.Furthermore, in the treatment of aortic valve severe diuretiny applied vasodilators, antianginal agents.

Patients with severe shortness of breath and persistent cardiac pain recommended surgical treatment, which consists in the operation to implant an artificial aortic valve.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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