Urinary Incontinence in Women - Causes, Treatments


1. Causes of urinary incontinence in women

2. clinical picture

3. Diagnostic methods

4. Treatment of urinary incontinence in women

5. Medicines

6. Surgical treatment of urinary incontinence in women

incontinence - a pathological condition characterized by the involuntary release of urine, which is not subject to control.This disease at the fairer sex occurs more frequently than men.The statistics say that 95% of women after twenty years there has been occasional urinary incontinence.For half of these women, this disease is a serious problem, since it is often accompanied by psychological and emotional disorders.

Causes of urinary incontinence in women

At the present time, doctors have identified two main reasons for urinary incontinence in women:

  • irresistible urge to urinate.He appears in those cases where the spontaneous desire to urinate finds man by surprise and he does not have time to run to the toilet.This problem may occur even with the minimum amou
    nt of fluid in the bladder.Incontinence can happen even when drinking or touching any flowing water.
  • Urinary incontinence due to pressure.This abnormal condition occurs when laughing, coughing, sneezing, jogging or other activities that create pressure on the bladder.

Some women suffer from mixed (plus irresistible urge incontinence due to pressure) the type of the disease, particularly the elderly.

Risk factors for urinary incontinence include:

  • Obesity and overweight.
  • Bladder stones.
  • Moved hysterectomy.
  • Pregnancy and childbirth.
  • blockade bladder.
  • Structural abnormalities of the genitourinary system.
  • Chronic bladder infections.
  • elderly.

addition, the causes of urinary incontinence in women may include the following diseases (which are accompanied by this pathology):

  • Damage to the spinal cord.
  • Bladder Cancer.
  • Stroke.
  • Parkinson's disease.
  • Multiple Sclerosis.
  • diabetes.
  • pelvic organ prolapse.
  • Alzheimer's disease.
  • Chronic cough (eg due to smoking or bronchitis).

also increase the expression of urinary incontinence, some medicines and food: smoking, alcohol, soda, tea, coffee, drugs relaxing the bladder (antidepressants and anticholinergics) or enhancing the production of urine (diuretics).

clinical picture

main clinical manifestation of urinary incontinence is the lack of ability to control urination.The type and especially incontinence usually depend on the cause of the pathology.Symptoms of urinary incontinence due to pressure include involuntary urination when laughing, coughing or sneezing.

As for urinary symptoms due to the uncontrollable urge, they are momentary, sudden need to urinate, as well as uncontrollable need to urinate.For this problem, the average or typical selection of significant amounts of urine.Minimum fluid leak is possible only in cases when the bladder is filled with a weakly.

Urinary incontinence, which occurs spontaneously and disappears after treatment of the causes of this disease is called temporary.For example, urinary incontinence, which is associated with an infectious process of the genitourinary system, instantly disappears after removing the causative agent of this disease.

If we talk about chronic or long-term incontinence, it usually develops slowly and the symptoms get worse slowly.When the symptoms intensified, women tend to change their habits and behavior:

  • become less active.
  • I avoid the public and even small companies (because of shame).
  • facing some physical problems (irritation in the groin area, odor, frequent infections of the genitourinary system, and so on.).

Treating Incontinence in such situations, which aims to eliminate the main causes of the disease.

Diagnostic methods

For statement of the diagnosis the doctor resorted to a thorough medical examination (even gynecological), as well as clarify all the details of the disease.Cultural Studies released liquid crop on sterility and a general analysis of urine was allowed to determine the presence of infection in the urogenital system.

In addition, to confirm the diagnosis performed additional procedures: gaskets test, stress test for bladder cystometry, Ultrasound, X-ray, cystoscopy and cystourethrogram.

Treatment of urinary incontinence in women

Today there are several methods of treatment of this disease.Treatment of the above-mentioned diseases is to combat the main cause of the disease, and takes into account all the peculiarities of the patient's condition.

Treatment of urinary incontinence in women include: behavioral techniques (stimulated urination, urination schedule, bladder training), lifestyle changes (eating right - avoiding alcohol, smoking, dairy products, vinegar, chocolate, citrus fruits, spices andother foods that irritate the mucous membrane of the urinary bladder), special exercises (weight reduction, exercise and Kegel exercises for the pelvic floor), medication drugs and surgery.


Currently, drug incontinence Dr. women resorted often as behavioral therapy and special exercises are not always effective.Medications used to treat this disease are quite effective, because after their use in many patients with urinary incontinence occurs less and less.

to medicines for incontinence in women include:

  • Antidepressants (often uncontrolled urge to apply pressure and incontinence).
  • Anticholinergic drugs (they make it possible to relax the bladder, as well as to increase its volume).These medications for incontinence in women assigned to urge recovery control.

Surgical treatment of urinary incontinence in women

At the present time there are several types of surgery for incontinence in women who are in the weakening of the pelvic floor muscles.All surgeries have the same goal - the resumption of normal anatomical position of the urinary system.When

urge incontinence specialists have resorted to stimulation of the sacral nerve.After surgery urinary incontinence in women when laughing, coughing or sneezing occurs very rarely.

decision to have surgery for incontinence in women should be based on correct diagnosis, since the lack of this aspect can lead to serious problems.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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