Trigeminal neuralgia - symptoms, treatment


1. Symptoms of trigeminal neuralgia

2. treatment of trigeminal neuralgia

3. Surgery

Trigeminal neuralgia is a disease that combines theseveral types of pain that have different mechanisms.

The causes of inflammation of the threefold nerve include mechanical compression of nerve tissue changes of vessels, inflammatory processes, tumors, trauma, etc.But, as experts point out, sometimes quite difficult to determine the cause of the disease.

neuralgia When this myelin sheath of nerve fibers is destroyed, causing a failure in carrying out information along the nerve fibers.

The types of the disease usually referred:

  • inflammation of the first type of the trigeminal nerve, which is characterized by the periodic piercing pain;
  • inflammation of the trigeminal nerve of the second type, in which the pain have a constant burning or boring character;
  • postherpetic neuralgia, which is characterized by pain caused by a virus outbreak of shingles;
  • neuropathic pain of the trigeminal
    nerve, which is connected with the immediate trauma of the trigeminal nerve or its pathways;
  • symptomatic trigeminal neuralgia, which is usually caused by central nervous system demyelinating disorders.

Symptoms of trigeminal neuralgia

The disease is characterized by:

  • bouts of pronounced pain in one half of the face, like an electric shock;
  • spontaneous bouts of pain or seizures caused by chewing, talking, touch-to-face, brushing, cold air;
  • pain in areas of the body innervated by the trigeminal nerve (the jaw, teeth, cheeks, lips, eyes);
  • pain that simultaneously affects one part of the face;
  • attacks, which are becoming more intense with time.

treatment of trigeminal neuralgia

Primarily treatment of trigeminal neuralgia involves the reduction of force of pain.In the treatment of disease experts often recommend the use of the drug carbamazepine, dosage is strictly selected individually for each patient.

Usually, a few days after initiation of therapy with this drug, patients mark its analgesic effect.Within three months, the dose of the drug should remain unchanged, then it should be gradually reduced.carbamazepine treatment can last as long as the patient does not note the absence of symptoms of the disease for six months.

important to note that significantly ease the suffering of patients can physiotherapy.In particular, apply phonophoresis with hydrocortisone, galvanization with amidopirinom or novocaine and dynamic currents.

In addition, an important role in the treatment of diseases of vitamin withdrawn.According to experts, it is particularly useful are the B vitamins and ascorbic acid.


In cases where drug therapy is ineffective, resorting to surgery.To date, there are several options for surgical treatment:

  • percutaneous surgery, which involve the destruction of the trigeminal nerve by means of radio waves or chemicals;
  • operations aimed at correcting the position of the arteries that compress the nerve threefold;
  • method of radio-frequency destruction of the trigeminal nerve root.

The last option is the most safe and effective treatment for trigeminal neuralgia.It provides non-durable and easy recovery period for patients.

disease therapy using traditional methods is quite acceptable, but generally, it is ineffective, and patients eventually turn to a specialist.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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