17 May

Treatment of circulatory disorders of the lower extremities

Contents:

1. Causes of circulatory disorders feet

2. Symptoms

3. treatment of circulatory disorders of the lower extremities

Violation of lower limb blood circulation - this is not an independent diseaseand a sign of some significant failures in the body.There is due to pathology of the walls of veins and arteries of the legs, appearing for various reasons.

In fact, the blood circulation of the lower limbs can be wrong due to disruptions in blood circulation on the legs vessels.Interruptions, in turn, are due to some obstacles in the flow path.This gap can be constricted vessels, thrombi, plaque on the walls of veins, etc.

In our time, like poor circulation - a fairly common phenomenon.It is observed in a quarter of women and a fifth of men of working age.

Causes of leg circulation

Circulatory disorders of the lower extremities are arterial and venous.Causes of disorders of the venous circulation of the lower limbs are basically varicose veins and thrombophlebitis.

leg veins are divided into superficial and deep.They do not have the ability to shrink, as they do not have the muscular wall.At the same time the blood from the lower extremities should be with the strength to climb up, because it keeps the bottom of its gravity.

This contributes to muscular legs and a system pressure of the blood flow from the lower limb arteries.When muscles are compressed, they operate as pumps, blood is pushed from the lower veins and send it to the upper.In a quiet, relaxed muscle blood flow upward movement at the expense of the blood pressure of the arteries.It rises through the valves, which are located in the connecting veins.If

vein for some reason become less elastic, and valve apparatus atrophy occurs varicose veins.It is a sign of disorders of venous circulation of the lower limbs.Varicose in most cases is a hereditary disease.

thrombophlebitis is also inherited, but sometimes it is a complication of varicose veins.It is an inflammation of the vein wall by the presence therein of thrombi.When clots partially closing gaps in the veins of the legs, they interfere with the normal course of blood flow in them.The result is a violation of the venous circulation of the lower limbs.

With regard to blood circulatory disorders feet, its causes are usually:

  • atherosclerosis feet;
  • endarteritis;
  • diabetic angiopathy.

When atherosclerosis in the arteries of the legs forming the deposited fatty plaques cholesterol.As a result, narrowing the lumen of arteries and interferes with normal blood flow path therethrough.

occlusive disease is a systemic inflammatory disease whose etiology is still unclear.It affects the small arteries of feet and legs, reducing their gaps and preventing the normal arterial blood flow.Occlusive disease occurs mainly in men under the age of 50 years.

Diabetic angiopathy - is one of the serious complications of diabetes.Elevated levels of glucose causes damage to the vessel walls down.The walls thicken quickly, preventing the blood flow path and cause a violation of the circulation of the lower limbs.

can say that the common causes of such circulatory disturbances following:

  • Diabetes
  • Heredity;
  • Physical inactivity;
  • Endocrine diseases;
  • pathology of the nervous system;
  • large load on the legs;
  • Obesity;
  • Hypertension;
  • Violation of lipid metabolism;
  • Heart failure;
  • Alcoholism;
  • Tobacco.

Symptoms Symptoms of disruption in the systemic circulation of the lower limbs depend on the duration of such interruptions.First, in most cases, there is a slight discomfort, the pain is a little worried, and occurs only after considerable physical exertion.Then the pain appear even at relatively low loads on the legs.

general signs of leg blood flow varies depending on the cause of this disorder.For example, when varicose veins first appear small swelling in the legs, and a long time can not attend any other symptoms.A diabetic angiopathy they make themselves felt rather rapidly, causing severe pain and ulcer-necrotic changes in the tissues of the legs.

The general phenomenon, showing the failures of blood circulation in the lower limbs, are as follows:

  • pain in the legs;
  • Edema;
  • Jerking;
  • Increased fatigue of the lower limbs;
  • Violation feet of heat transfer;
  • appearance of spider veins and blue Veins in the lower limbs.

pain in both legs may not appear immediately, initially originating at long pedestrian crossings.First often hurts one and then the other leg, resulting in an intermittent claudication.Then it usually grows, there already when the person is just a hundred or two hundred meters, and often passes from one foot to another.

Changing the normal circulation process in the lower extremities can cause serious complications, up-to-toe gangrene and subsequent amputation.In addition, such violations are a signal about the deteriorating health condition due to some disease.This means that at the first sign of failure in the circulation of feet is necessary to consult a doctor.

treatment of circulatory disorders of the lower extremities

treatment of circulatory disorders of the lower extremities is selected according to the source of the breach.Experts carried out the necessary research, identify the cause of the pathology, and then choose the method of combination therapy.

In the treatment of circulatory disorders of the lower extremities are usually assigned increasing vascular tone and reduce capillary fragility drugs, homeopathic and phlebotropic means angioprotectors, venotoniki, BAA, limfotoniki, drugs that improve blood circulation.

as adjunctive therapy in the treatment of disorders of the lower limbs circulatory used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, anticoagulants, correcting the metabolic exchange of drugs, hirudotherapy.

Attention!

This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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