17 May

Acute circulatory disorder - symptoms, treatment

Contents:

1. The causes of the disease

2. Symptoms of circulatory disorders

3. Types of circulatory disorders

4. Diagnosis and treatment of circulatory disorders

proper functioning of the human body depends on the general condition of the circulatory system.If for any reason the body is disturbed circulation, tissue does not receive the required amount of oxygen and nutrients, resulting in hypoxia and metabolic processes are slowed down, and this leads to the emergence of various diseases.

Violation of circulation - a certain state of the cardiovascular system, in which it is not able to provide organs and tissues of adequate blood supply.Maintenance of normal blood flow is a complex process that depends on the integrity of the vascular network, the correct functioning of the heart and the precise balance between the two systems.

poor circulation, heart failure decompensation, circulatory disorders - these concepts are identical and carry a fairly wide sense, which refers not on

ly to violations of the contractile function of the myocardium, but also emerging on the periphery of pathological changes, largely determining the statepatient.

circulatory system conventionally divided into peripheral and central.

pathology of the central circulatory system caused by disturbances in the heart work or in large vessels.

Abnormalities in the peripheral circulatory system, manifested by such basic forms:

  • impaired blood supply;
  • impaired blood rheology;
  • impaired permeability of vascular walls.

There are acute and chronic circulatory problems.

Causes of

diseases There are a sufficient number of reasons, which can significantly affect the state of the cardiovascular system and cause a variety of circulatory disorders.Conventionally, all the reasons are divided into five groups:

  • compression;
  • traumatic;
  • vasospastic;
  • associated with the occurrence of tumors;
  • occlusion.

circulatory disorders often occur in people with certain medical conditions such as hypertension, diabetes, kidney failure and others.

conditions for development of circulatory disorders, as a rule, are penetrating trauma, vascular disease, aneurysm, Raynaud's phenomenon.

treatment of circulatory disorders depends on the determination of the causes to which it is directly connected.

Symptoms of circulatory disorders

Clinical manifestations of the disease have varying degrees of severity, from pre-clinical, latent form when blood circulation disorders symptoms is clearly manifested only after exercise, before pronounced symptoms in severe disorders of the circulatory system.

There are three degrees of severity of clinical manifestations:

  • first stage is characterized by the absence of symptoms alone.Signs of the disease usually occurs only after physical exertion.The man says shortness of breath, tachycardia, palpitations, even after such loads, which before the patient is easily handled;
  • the second stage clinical manifestations of disease and moderately expressed in the treatment and adherence, are fast disappearing.Shortness of breath, enlarged liver, edema, ascites and other symptoms are pronounced, under the influence of therapy decreases but does not disappear completely;
  • the third stage of the symptoms of circulatory disorders are expressed very clearly and they are joined by dystrophy and severe exhaustion of the patient.At this stage of therapy is extremely inefficient and there is a question on operative treatment.

main symptoms of circulatory disorders - pain, tingling or numbness in the fingers, skin discoloration fingertips, shortness of breath, non-healing ulcers, cyanosis, severe fatigue, dizziness, fainting, chest pain, low or high blood pressure, poor wound healing.

Types of circulatory disorders

Acute circulatory problems, as a rule, is a consequence of cardiovascular apparatus lesions, but can also occur on the background of CNS disorders, profound metabolic disorders, endocrine diseases and other pathological conditions.Usually, acute circulatory disorders develop as a result of acute cardiovascular failure or as a result of concurrent decompensation vascular system and myocardial function.

chronic circulatory disorder develops gradually on the background of reducing vascular diameter, up to their complete blockage.Occlusive disease can affect a variety of great vessels, but of particular importance is attached to the defeat of the lower limbs, as it is this reason may cause the development of necrosis.Common to all pathological conditions is the development of chronic arterial insufficiency, which manifests ischemic syndrome.

Diagnosis and treatment of circulatory disorders

Diagnosing circulatory disorders include a variety of instrumental and laboratory studies.For diagnosis, it has a value of the presence of any disease and the presence of typical complaints of the patient.Laboratory examination methods include blood tests - general, coagulation, sugar, lipidogram.Used instrumental methods such as MRI, duplex scanning.Mandatory inspection of an ophthalmologist, which allows to determine the signs of angiopathy and conduct neuropsychological research to identify cognitive impairment.

treatment of circulatory disorders begin by identifying and treating the causes with which it is associated.All therapeutic methods are divided into conservative and operative.Circulatory disorders in the early stages of the cure is not so difficult by resorting to appropriate treatment and sometimes just changing your lifestyle, important not to ignore the clinical manifestations and start treatment on time.A healthy diet, a diet low in salt and fat and high in vitamin E and omega-3, regular exercise, avoiding harmful habits, combined with the necessary drugs, will have an effective impact on the disease.

Treatment of acute circulatory disorders often lies in the operational methods to restore vascular permeability - embolectomy, plastic arterial prosthesis and bypass vessels.indirect revascularization surgery, which are aimed at improving collateral circulation and compensation of limb blood flow is widely used.Indications for urgent surgery are superficial vein thrombophlebitis, thrombophlebitis with symptoms abscess, acute thrombosis of the main veins of the pelvis and extremities.

Attention!

This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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