1. Causes of mitral stenosis
3. clinical picture of mitral valve stenosis
4. Complications of the disease
5. Treatmentmitral stenosis
mitral stenosis - a serious disease of the cardiovascular system, in which there is narrowing of the opening between the left ventricle and left atrium.Between these cameras is two-folding mitral valve narrowing holes which indicated the difficulty of passage of blood from the left atrium into the left ventricle.
factors causing narrowing of the mitral valve:
anatomical shape of the mitral valve stenosis:
The magnitude of the restriction opening of the mitral valve can be of these types:
stages of mitral stenosis:
Mild mitral stenosis for a long period of time marked clinical manifestations may not occur.However, deterioration of health may be sudden.
most typical and common symptoms of mitral stenosis are disruptions of the heart, heart palpitations and shortness of breath.The manifestation of these complaints indicates the presence of tissue hypoxia circular that accompanies this vice.
heartbeat and shortness of breath at the beginning occur when significant physical loads, and then - with minimal effort, and finally - in peace and quiet (at the critical degree of mitral stenosis).Very often, patients have a cough - a manifestation of chronic bronchitis stagnant forms.Hemoptysis can be observed in patients with severe pulmonary congestion.
Typically, patients complain of general weakness, pain in the heart, fatigue and hoarseness (enlarged left atrium compresses the left recurrent laryngeal nerve).
Even the symptoms of mitral stenosis include: redness of the cheeks, akrotsianoz, pale skin and nasolabial triangle, cyanosis of the lips, swelling and throbbing neck veins, heart hump (deformity of the chest), and tachycardia.
Also, there are other symptoms of mitral stenosis, which can identify only a doctor-specialist: pulmonary congestion, pulmonary hypertension, heart murmurs, blood clots, and arrhythmias (heart rhythm disturbance).
By cardiologist should be handled in the case of observing the following symptoms:
In the absence of adequate treatment of mitral stenosis leads to the following complications:
treatment of narrowing of the mitral valve can be conservative and surgical.Conservative treatment of mitral stenosis can not cure vice, but makes it possible to cure some of the complications of this disease (heart failure, pulmonary edema, arrhythmia and so on.).
As for surgery, it is in stenosis of the mitral valve is not always necessary.If the restriction of minimum and expressed symptoms of mitral stenosis is not observed, the doctor-patient cardiologist appoints permanent control of the heart condition.
Because of drugs used: anticoagulants (blood thinners), diuretics (for withdrawal of excess fluid from the body), antiarrhythmic drugs (in the presence of an arrhythmia) and antibiotics.
critical degree of mitral stenosis, usually requires surgical treatment.In such cases, it may be used as minimally invasive intervention (balloon valvuloplasty) or traditional (open surgery).The main advantages of minimally invasive techniques are the low level of trauma and easier portability.
This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.
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