1. Causes and development of mycoplasma
3. Diagnosis and treatment of mycoplasma
Mycoplasmosis - a disease caused by tiny bacteria thatare found in humans, animals and some plants.
mycoplasma bacteria are opportunistic pathogens.
Activators of the disease, penetrating into the human body, are implemented in a healthy cell.Due to this, the cell structure can not function normally.Since mycoplasmas have a small stock of its own energy resources, they exist at the expense of the infected epithelial cells.Difficulties mycoplasmosis diagnosis and treatment related to the fact that the protective features of the human body is not perceived mycoplasma as foreign.And even when a small amount of penetration of mycoplasma pathogen, the disease progresses rapidly.
bacteria usually affect the mucous membrane of the genital tract and respiratory tract.
most common mode of transmission is sexual way.
There is the risk of mother-chil
Although theoretically allowed contact-household path of transmission of the disease, its existence has not yet been proved.
often occur in people with reduced immunity.The disease usually goes unnoticed, sluggish, without typical signs.Approximately 60% of women and men for several years after the infection may be unaware of his illness.
disease incubation period is 4-5 weeks.Then gradually appear the main symptoms of mycoplasma.
mycoplasmosis initial symptoms in women are scarce translucent vaginal discharge.Then there are small pain when urinating.With further development of the disease mycoplasma penetrate into the uterus and appendages women.The result is a nagging, moderate pain periodic nature, are especially amplified before menstruation.Mycoplasmosis in women is often accompanied by a slight itching and discomfort during urination.
gradual development of mycoplasma in women leads to a weakening of local immunity of the uterus, tubes and ovaries.This contributes to the appearance of women's diseases such as adnexitis (inflammation of the uterus), endometritis (inflammation of the endometrium), salpingitis (inflammation of the fallopian tubes).
Symptoms of mycoplasma in women usually occur during menstruation or hormonal failures, such as menopause.
Mycoplasmosis women in "pure form" is found only in 18% of cases.In all other cases it is combined with other diseases.
Mycoplasmosis men usually have symptoms of urethritis.The disease is prolonged, sluggish.Patients appear slight mucous discharge from the urethra, are more significant in the morning.redness of the surface of the head frequently develops.Symptoms of mycoplasma in men can join a small pain when urinating.The patient is often a urethritis (inflammation of the urethra), balanoposthitis (inflammation of the foreskin and the glans penis).The most common complication of mycoplasma in men is prostatitis (inflammation of the prostate).Symptoms of prostatitis occur gradually over a long period of time.A man has been decreased libido can be a pain in the perineum, and then comes impotence.
Mycoplasmosis in men is often associated with chlamydia, ureaplasmosis, trichomoniasis.The disease can subside and worsen from time to time again.
characteristic clinical symptoms of the disease does not exist.Most often they appear in the form of inflammation of genital or urinary tract.
mycoplasma diagnosis involves inspection of the doctor (gynecologist or urologist) and laboratory tests smear with mucous.
most informative in determining called mycoplasma PCR diagnosis and bacteriological examination.
PCR study allows to identify with great accuracy even a minimal amount of a population of microorganisms.This method is the primary diagnosis in mycoplasma.
Bacteriological and microscopic smear tests make it possible to determine the associated diseases - trichomoniasis, gonorrhea, fungal or bacterial vaginosis.Due to the analysis the doctor can identify the whole "bunch of diseases."
In the treatment of mycoplasmosis use antibiotics of different groups.Most doctors use a combination of several antibiotics, immunostimulatory agents, probiotics.
the treatment of mycoplasma most commonly prescribed antibiotics such as Doxycycline, Josamycin, Clarithromycin, Levofloxacin.It is important that the treatment took place, both sexual partners.This is not to interrupt the course of therapy.In addition, during the treatment is necessary to completely stop sex.
mycoplasma treatment success is largely dependent on the activity of the patient's immune system.Therefore, it is important to use this period of drugs that stimulate the immune system - immunostimulants, antioxidants, neuroprotective agents (neurometabolic stimulants).
result of exposure to antimicrobial drugs on the human body is not only the destruction of pathogenic organisms but also normal human microflora.Therefore, in the treatment of mycoplasma separate attention to the use of live cultures of lactobacilli and bifidobacteria (probiotics).The most commonly prescribed Linex, Bifidumbacterin, Hilak forte.
Treatment mycoplasmosis should take place under medical supervision.Self-medication can lead to a blurring of the main symptoms of the disease and the transition to the chronic form.This leads to the development of complex diseases and infertility in women and in men.
This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.
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