Melasma - Causes, Symptoms , Treatment skinorenom


1. Causes disease

2. treatment of melasma

called melasma pigmentation changes in the skin, which is expressed in the appearance of spots whose color varies from light brown to black.Most often, these spots are located on the face, hands, neck and chest.Melasma is almost half of pregnant women.The spots darken under the direct influence of ultraviolet rays and can become brighter in the autumn and winter.They do not peel, do not get wet, and generally do not disrupt the structure of the skin.

In women the disease is found almost twenty times more often than men.This is due to hormonal differences between the sexes.Melasma can be transmitted and persistent (chronic).When passing the type of the disease spots are temporary in nature, appear in the event of favorable factors (hormonal changes, sun rays, etc.), and when it is terminated, completely disappear.When persistent melasma they may turn pale, but do not go at all, and after a time darken again.

The disease is divided into

three types:

1) Epidermal view.It is characterized by a dark brown color spots with clear contours.This variant of the disease can be successfully treated;

2) Dermal view.It is distinguished by a light-brown spots with blurred boundaries.This type of melasma can be treated with great difficulty;

3) Mixed views.At present it on the skin and bright and dark spots.Mixed form of the disease is treatable, but the affected skin react to it differently.

Causes disease

experts are inclined to conclude that the main cause of melasma is a genetic predisposition.Currently there are no favorable circumstances, the disease does not manifest itself.The spots appear when:

  • Pregnancy;
  • ovarian dysfunction;
  • Violation of the liver or the thyroid gland;
  • Disorders of the gastrointestinal tract;
  • Failures in metabolic processes of the body, caused by the lack or excess of vitamins and minerals;
  • hormonal contraceptives;
  • prolonged exposure to the direct rays of ultraviolet light;
  • Applications photosensitizing drugs and cosmetics containing them.

In some cases, the reasons for the appearance of spots on the skin remain outstanding.Presumably, they have emerged as the body's response to some individual irritant.

treatment of melasma melasma

Treatment depends on its shape and the cause stains.And initially it is necessary to remove the cause, or therapy will be ineffective.If the disease is related to passing the type of medical treatment course it will be focused on reducing the manifestations of spots.

The main methods of getting rid of melasma include:

  • Reception topical preparations;
  • intradermal injection;
  • Laser therapy;
  • Medium and superficial chemical peels;
  • exfoliating methods;
  • Mikrodermbraziya;
  • photorejuvenation BBL;
  • Treatment skinorenom.

When a dermal and epidermal melasma treatment with laser therapy is the best option.Because drugs are usually prescribed topical corticosteroids, azelaic and kojic acid, hydroquinone, proanthocyanidins.When exfoliating methods and chemical peels are used as reagents hydroxy acid, salicylic acid, topical retinoids.

photorejuvenation BBL - one of the best ways to spot correction.Its use allows you to get rid of them, or make the most imperceptible, without damaging the surface of the skin.However, if the spots lie deep, this option is not suitable treatment of melasma.

When epidermal and dermal-epidermal mixed type of the disease nowadays successful is the treatment of melasma skinorenom (azelaic acid).It dermatoprotektorny gel or cream for external use with dipegmentiruyuschimi properties.The treatment of melasma skinorenom gives a good effect in the early stages of the disease.It has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, keratolytic effect and is manufactured with different concentrations of azelaic acid.If the use of a gel or cream causes itching and burning sensation, you should choose the drug with a lower concentration.Duration of treatment of melasma skinorenom - three months.

From stains can be removed at least for some time, provided that the woman receiving a course of medical procedures, exclude:

  • Hormonal agents;
  • Consuming foods, nutritional supplements, intake of drugs with photosensitizing properties;
  • The use of aggressive cleaning agents skin;
  • use of cosmetics, which includes retinoids, and .alpha.-β gidrokisloty.

Those who are prone to displays of melasma, it is advisable to follow these rules at all times.In addition, they should be applied all year round on the exposed areas of the face, hands, neck, chest, legs, sunscreen, and try not to overdry skin.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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