14 May

Mastopatia - types , symptoms , treatment methods

Contents:

1. General

2. Causes

3. Forms of mastitis

4. Symptoms of mastitis

5. Treatment of mastitis

Mastopatia - dishormonal breast disease characterized by changes in the breast tissue.

General

Mastopatia is the most common breast disease.The first symptoms of mastitis may begin to appear in adolescence.In most cases the disease is self-held after the establishment of hormonal balance.Symptoms of mastitis can occur at the age of early menopause.Most often the disease occurs and develops in women aged 30-45 years.

The course of the disease characterized by a change in the structure of breast tissue, fibrous tissue grows, the cysts are formed.Breast is very common among women and is almost the norm.In the early stages of the disease has no distinct features, it does not cause deterioration.Benign disease does not cause anxiety in women up until not come adverse conditions that will contribute to the degeneration of malignant disease.

Causes

Mastopatia occurs mainl

y due to hormonal imbalance in the body.Sprawl fibrous nature in the breast are formed as a result of growth of estrogen and prolactin, a hormone that is responsible for lactation in the postpartum period.Hormonal imbalance can be caused by various reasons, including fatigue, stress, chronic fatigue, inflammatory diseases of the infectious nature of the female genital tract.

Risk factors that contribute to the development of fibrocystic breast, include the following:

  • late first pregnancy;
  • abortion;
  • avoidance of breastfeeding, its untimely interruption;
  • endocrine diseases;
  • diseases of the gastrointestinal tract of a chronic nature;
  • lack of delivery;
  • prolonged hormone therapy;
  • endocrine diseases.

mastitis

Types There are two types of the disease: diffuse and nodular mastopathy.In the first case the growth of connective tissue is carried out by affecting the entire gland tissue.With nodular form connecting nodes are formed, which may have different dimensions, may be multiple and isolated.This form is most commonly involves the development of a malignant tumor.

Depending on the nature of the defeat of the elements are the following types of the disease:

  • cystic mastopathy;
  • fibrous mastopathy;
  • fibrocystic breast disease.

With fibrocystic breast tissue due to proliferation of connective fibrous strands are formed simultaneously and cysts.Cysts are cavities of fibrous tissue, which are filled with liquid.

fibrous breast disease, cystic breast disease in isolated forms are rare.

Symptoms of mastitis

severe symptoms of mastitis is breast tenderness.In the initial stages of pain depends on the menstrual cycle.The pain is felt within a few days prior to menses, in the following it passes.Later stages of fibrocystic breast characterized by constant pain that is intense.Symptoms of mastitis are the packed gland.The nipples may begin discharge education.Typically, isolation is transparent, greenish, may resemble milk.Adverse symptoms of mastitis is the existence of bleeding, which indicate the transition of the disease into a malignant form.Symptoms of mastitis appear on both breasts, but may differ in severity.

Treatment of mastitis

Depending on the type, stage, the individual characteristics of treatment of mastitis can be conservative and surgical.Surgical treatment of cystic mastitis conducted in the case of the passage of several courses of conservative therapy without achieving the desired results, as well as in the case of suspicion of the onset of malignant process.

Treatment of mastitis conservative methods involves the use of medication and non-drug means.In the first case of mastitis treatment is carried out by receiving hormonal agents, in order to restore hormonal balance.mastitis treatment is carried out on the basis of the results of tests for hormone levels.Also with fibrous mastitis, cystic mastitis appointed painkillers, anti-inflammatory drugs, drugs containing iodine.

successful method of treatment of mastitis is the normalization of life.It is necessary to minimize the exposure to stressful situations, to observe the work and rest regime, eat right, get enough sleep.

Attention!

This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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