14 May

Dengue fever - symptoms , vaccination , treatment

Contents:

1. Symptoms of dengue

2. Treatment

3. Is there a vaccine against dengue fever?

Dengue Fever - a dangerous, in some cases, fatal disease.To date, Thailand has been an increase in cases of infection.The most susceptible to the disease the elderly, children under two years old, and people with weakened immune systems.

In this article you will learn about the symptoms of dengue fever, its types and treatment.

Symptoms of dengue

Classical dengue fever develops during primary infection.Despite the unpleasant course of the disease, the prognosis for patients with favorable.In strong and adults dengue often have been mild, but it is not necessary to self-medicate because of the risk of serious complications.

Symptoms of classic dengue:

  • temperature to 39-40 degrees, chills;
  • increased heart rate at the beginning of the disease, and three days later, on the contrary, a strong slow pulse;
  • decreased appetite or complete refusal to eat;
  • insomnia, strong fatigue;
  • pain in the joints, bones and muscles;
  • dizziness, nausea;
  • redness of the throat, face, eyes;
  • swelling of the face;
  • itchy rash that appears first on the trunk and then spreads to the arms and legs (preserved up to seven days);
  • swollen, red, itchy blisters strongly on the skin surface, a diameter of a few centimeters;
  • petechial hemorrhages.

People who have been repeatedly infected with different strains of the virus, develop dengue hemorrhagic fever.For the first time travelers to Thailand do not need to be afraid of it, because it is dangerous only for those who live in dengue spread constantly, and those who have repeatedly suffered the disease.

Symptoms of hemorrhagic dengue:

  • raising the temperature to 39-40 degrees;
  • enlarged lymph nodes;
  • refusal to eat, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain;
  • severe weakness;
  • cough;
  • skin rash, bleeding in passing;
  • increased heart rate;
  • bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract and oral cavity, blood vomiting;
  • pressure reduction;
  • pallor, sometimes cyanosis of the mucous membranes and skin.

Treatment

After the doctor make an accurate diagnosis, the patient will be isolated for individual mosquito net to avoid runaway infection from mosquitoes.Dengue Fever Treatment - symptomatic.It is necessary to alleviate the condition being infected, and prevent further complications.Since the virus body is fighting itself.

Generally, treatment of dengue fever include:

  • antipyretics;
  • antihistamines to eliminate itching;
  • detoxification (intravenous saline, excessive drinking, chelators);
  • restorative drugs (glucose, vitamins).

Patients with suspected hemorrhagic fever require extremely careful transportation.You should avoid even minor bumps and knocks.

treatment of this form of dengue includes the following items:

  • infusional vitamin, saline and glucose;
  • oxygen therapy;
  • plasma transfusion and its alternatives;
  • administration of glucocorticosteroids for the regulation of protein, carbohydrate and mineral balance in the body, as well as the elimination of shock;
  • introduction of drugs that increase blood clotting.

Is there a vaccine against dengue fever?

no preventive drugs and vaccines against dengue fever so far does not exist.Therefore, it remains only to best protect themselves from mosquito vector.Here are several features of these insects:

  • These mosquitoes are most fond of is in a shady area.
  • most interesting for them primate blood or human blood.
  • Favourite places in their breeding - water stagnation space: water, filled with products of organic decay;swampy terrain;grass, leaves and the like variousThe most dangerous places for a person can be a toilet or shower.
  • mosquito population increase contributes to uncontrolled urbanization.
  • order not to attract mosquitoes, you can use a special spray and wear long-sleeved clothing.

Attention!

This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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