13 May

Leprosy Disease - Causes, Symptoms , Treatments

Contents:

1. Symptoms of leprosy

2. Treatment of diseases

leprosy (Hansen's disease, leprosy) is a chronic disease that affects the skin, internal organs, nervous system,osteo-muscular system and mucous membranes of human skin.This is one of the most ancient diseases, the mention of which is even in Egyptian papyri.In our time, it also does not occur very rarely.According to statistics, today in the world there are several million leprosy patients.In the countries of Central Africa, India, Brazil, Indonesia and other countries of a similar level noted a steady increase in the incidence.

In more civilized countries, combined with the successful treatment of leprosy, it is much rarer.However, in these new cases of leprosy disease are recorded each year.

It is a disease transmitted mainly by airborne droplets.Sometimes you can be infected with leprosy through contact with the patient's skin.The disease is more common among disadvantaged populations.It affects people of all ages, but child

ren under one year are sick with leprosy is quite rare.Among adult patients with male-dominated.One or the other stage of leprosy says they are twice as likely than women.

Symptoms of leprosy

Symptoms of leprosy in the initial stage of the invisible disease.Moreover, such an asymptomatic incubation period can last up to seven years on average, and in some cases even up to twenty years or more.Leprosy patients regularly feel drowsiness, weakness, malaise, chills, numbness in certain areas of the skin, but do not attach any special significance.

The disease occurs in two forms - lepromatous and tuberculoid.In tuberculoid form of leprosy disease mainly affects the nervous system, with lepromatous - skin.If untreated, tuberculoid form begins to move in lepromatous.

first severe symptoms of leprosy are:

  • increasing intoxication;
  • Headache;
  • pain in the joints;
  • Increased body temperature;
  • sweating;
  • The appearance on the skin light or dark spots;
  • numbness of the skin in the area of ​​spots or increase its sensitivity;
  • small swelling of the hands and feet;
  • cyanosis (bluish skin and mucous membranes).

In the later stages of leprosy symptoms are expressed in the loss of eyebrows, when new patches infiltrovanyh compacted areas, creates more wrinkles, sagging earlobes, the failure of the bridge.Patients with leprosy broken breath, there are frequent nosebleeds, inflamed eyes and throat.In tuberculoid form due to lesions of the nervous system is muscle stiffness feet and hands, ulceration of the eyes, nose, throat, internal organs.In the advanced stage of the disease develop paralysis and severe neuritis.Often happen perforation of the nasal septum, the complete loss of the phalanges, blindness development.

Nowadays leprosy is an incurable disease not.However, if the beginning of the medical care provided too late, people can remain disabled.

disease

Leprosy Treatment Treatment depends on the form of the disease, its stage, the clinical manifestations and the extent of damage the body.In order to choose the method of combination therapy, the patient must be a survey by experts in different fields.These include TB doctor, orthopedic surgeon, physical therapist, ophthalmologist, and others.

to treat leprosy drugs are used mainly sulfone group.The main of them - dapsone.It is practically no side reactions and can even be used in pregnancy.Dapsone administered in combination with rifampicin and Klofamizinom.Additional facilities for the treatment of leprosy are Tiambutozin, Prothionamide, Thioacetazone.

When examining a person, leprosy patients, revealed a small number of disease pathogens, can be used therapy with two drugs - rifampicin and dapsone.It continued for 6-12 months.Then, if there is no recurrence of the disease, it is assigned only dapsone.Full course of this therapy for two years.

In severe cases, apply prednisone, thalidomide, chloroquine, and kortiktekoidnye cytotoxic agents.Furthermore, in complex therapy may include analgesics, muscle atrophy warning occurrence drugs, vitamins, NSAIDs, immunomodulators and immunoglobulins.

Then, when the disease progresses, treatment is carried her courses with a break in the month.It runs both stationary and ambulatory.Bacteria causing disease can live in human tissue for many years.If taking medication stopped, there is a risk of recurrence.In such situations, the patient is frequently observed resistance of bacteria to dapsone, which greatly complicates the process of treatment.Therefore, multicomponent therapy courses must be repeated regularly.

In a number of cases of leprosy affected joints, muscles, nervous system and other organs.Then there is appropriate operation to transplant tendons and nerves, plastic surgery, surgery to eliminate contractures of joints and muscles.

Attention!

This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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