13 May

Labyrinth - causes, diagnosis , symptoms, treatment

Contents:

1. Causes

2. Symptoms of labyrinthitis

3. Treatment of diseases

called labyrinthitis inflammation in the inner ear structures caused by penetrating into itinfection or injury.The appearance of the disease may be due to damage to the ear foreign body after a traumatic brain injury due to blunt in the temporo-parietal region, which caused a fracture of her bones, etc.

Labyrinthitis is a result of entering into the inner ear meningococci, streptococci, some viruses, TB bacteria.It's quite a serious illness that can lead to complications such as mastoiditis, petrozit, neuritis of the facial nerve, brain abscess, arachnoiditis, sepsis, purulent meningitis, and others.

Labyrinthitis different ways of penetration of pathogenic bacteria to the inner ear and is divided into meningogenny,hematogenous and tipanogenny.Depending on the inflammation that developed in the inner ear, the labyrinth is serous, purulent and necrotic.

Causes

emergence and development of labyrinthitis is

possible only under the condition that in the labyrinth of the inner ear will get the toxins or bacteria from other foci of inflammation.Often, these foci of inflammation are formed due to otitis media.In this disease there is infiltration block the middle and inner ear membranes.They are permeable to bacteria that penetrate into the inner ear

, proliferate and give impetus to the development of labyrinthitis.

Roughly the same thing happens when the eardrum injuries or traumatic brain injuries.In some cases, inflammation of the inner ear can cause meningitis, which is a complication of diseases such as measles, influenza, scarlet fever, tuberculosis, etc.Originate from labyrinthitis can be herpes, syphilis, mumps.

Symptoms of labyrinthitis labyrinthitis

Symptoms usually appear in the form of vestibular and auditory disorders.

Vestibular symptoms of labyrinthitis are:

  • Dizziness;
  • incoordination;
  • instability, loss of sense of balance;
  • Nausea, vomiting;
  • Nystagmus.

for hearing disorders include hearing loss and a feeling of tinnitus.When serous labyrinthitis hearing loss is temporary, passing.Suppurative labyrinthitis different counter deafness, which in some cases may even be complete.

If labyrinthitis both sides, it expressed little vestibular symptoms.Inflammation of the inner ear, in this case makes itself felt mainly hearing loss.Nystagmus, dizziness, loss of coordination characteristic of a limited, one-sided type labyrinthitis.

The disease can be acute or chronic.In the acute form, it begins suddenly and lasts for two to three weeks.At the same time the symptoms of labyrinthitis pronounced and rapidly growing.

chronic form of the disease is most often the case with syphilis or tuberculosis.It is characterized by sluggish increase of disorder, blurred course of the disease and diffuse symptoms, manifested not constant, but periodically.

Dizziness and in acute and in chronic labyrinthitis is paroxysmal in nature.It can take from two to three minutes to several hours.During the attacks often occur nausea and vomiting, appear excessive sweating, pale skin, excessive or slow heartbeat, pain in the heart.

disease

Treatment When disorders with similar disorders with inflammation of the inner ear, you should immediately see a specialist.He will diagnose labyrinthitis and, if the disease is confirmed, select the appropriate method of treatment.

Diagnostics labyrinthitis include x-rays of the head, computed tomography, otoscopy, laboratory tests, audiometry, vestibulometriyu, electrocochleography and other methods of research of such diseases.After all the surveys on the results concluded an illness or whether it is excluded.In general, the diagnosis of labyrinthitis is not particularly difficult, so the disease is detected quickly, which allows time to take necessary medical measures.

labyrinthitis Treatment can be conservative and surgical.Conservative treatment consists of antibiotic labyrinthitis and dehydration therapy.Patients received antibiotics, giposensibiliruyuschie, anti-inflammatory drugs and medications that normalize the metabolic processes of the brain and the inner ear.When labirintitnyh attacks vestibulolitiki apply.

dehydration therapy in the treatment of labyrinthitis include a diet with restriction of fluid intake and salt, intramuscular administration of hypertonic solutions, diuretics, vitamins, ascorbic acid, rutin.Patients made pantopon subcutaneous injection of atropine and other drugs.

shows operations at purulent and necrotic type of labyrinthitis.Its nature depends on the extent of damage and disease of middle and inner ear.When purulent inflammation usually do radical surgery or antromastoidotomy.

Surgical treatment of labyrinthitis in the form of necrotic labyrinth provides an autopsy and removal of affected tissue necrosis.

labyrinthitis Timely diagnosis and treatment are important.They allow you to avoid complications and to give all the chances of a favorable outcome of the disease.

Attention!

This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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