12 May

Conjunctivitis - types , symptoms , treatments


1. Types of conjunctivitis

2. Symptoms of conjunctivitis

3. Prevention

4. conjunctivitis treatment in children and adults

Mucosaeye called the conjunctiva covers the entire inner surface of the eyelids.This very fine transparent fabric is very sensitive to viruses, bacteria and foreign bodies.Conjunctivitis - an inflammation of the conjunctiva, which occurs with equal frequency in children and adults.


Types There are several types of conjunctivitis, depending on the factor that triggered its development:

  • viral conjunctivitis - the most common, usually caused by adenoviruses;
  • bacteria - most commonly caused by streptococci, staphylococci;
  • chlamydial conjunctivitis;
  • toxic - from exposure to various chemicals;
  • allergic conjunctivitis.

also conjunctival inflammation may be different for:

  • acute when symptoms of conjunctivitis sharply;
  • chronic, if the disease is caused by prolonged irritation of eyes.

Symptoms of conjunctivitis

All forms of the disease are characterized by common features:

  • redness of the eyes with severe vascular mesh;
  • irritation, stinging, dryness of mucous;
  • watery eyes;
  • foreign body sensation;
  • purulent or mucous discharge, especially after sleep;
  • decreased visual acuity;
  • rapid eye fatigue.

Viral conjunctivitis is easy to suspect on watery eyes and itching arise periodically.This usually occurs on the background of acute respiratory infections, sore throats and respiratory infections.As a rule, the disease affects one eye at first, but after a few days, gradually turns into another.In adenoviral conjunctivitis in children and adults, the disease begins with the raising of body temperature, increase in lymph nodes near the ear shells.There may be a mild spasm and closing of the eyelids, purulent discharge is less common.Children may appear follicles or film.


conjunctivitis treatment can be avoided to carry out prevention, including:

  • personal hygiene;
  • not touch your eyes on the street, in public transport;
  • not use other people's handkerchiefs, towels, bedding and of underwear;
  • always wash hands with soap after visiting the toilet and streets;
  • in the event of illness as much as possible to avoid public places to reduce the hit to the body of new infections;
  • avoid chlorinated water, it can worsen the patient's condition;
  • monitor the immunity, especially in children;
  • not rub your eyes.

prevention of conjunctivitis in children is very important, especially if the baby goes to school or pre-school educational institution.With inflammation of the conjunctiva of the child should not be allowed into the team, because other kids very quickly be infected by airborne droplets or by contact.

treatment of conjunctivitis in adults and children

Treatment of conjunctivitis depends on the nature of the pathogen and the stage of disease development.When inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye ophthalmologist appoints regular eye drops, medication rinsing solutions, the use of special ointments.

When acute course of the disease are needed washing to remove mucus and pus, as well as burying antiseptic every 3-4 hours.It has proven Okomistin drug that can be used for the prevention of disease.It fights fungi, bacteria, viruses and protozoa.For the treatment of allergic inflammation of the conjunctiva are great variety of antihistamines, but hormonal drops are contraindicated.When the virus is attached to a bacterial infection, doctors prescribe drugs interferon and antibiotics.

conjunctivitis treatment in children should be under adult supervision.It is necessary to monitor the purity of a child's hand, so that he did not touch his eyes and enjoyed the separate towel.On average, the qualitative treatment recover within three weeks.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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