joint Cyst - types , symptoms , treatment methods


1. cyst Becker

2. cyst hip

3. cyst ankle

4. treatment method

cyst is a jointsecondary disease due to the connection with the joint tissue cavity filled with liquid.Formed cystic formation due to injury, inflammation or degenerative joint disease.

The most common cyst joint affects the most mobile joint systems of the human body: ankle, knee and hip.

According to visual characteristics of the cyst is rounded joints, inactive form, reaching up to 5 cm in diameter.It is easy to detect by palpation.

cystic formation has hard-elastic consistency, clear boundaries and is localized in the joint tendons or bursa projection.joints of the hands are not soldered to the skin and does not penetrate into the subcutaneous fatty tissue.In all recorded cases of cystic formation was not observed its transformation into malignant tumors.

It should be noted that the formation of cysts occur completely asymptomatic and the person at the same time does not feel discomfort.Even palpation

patient feels pain.The only inconvenience a person can feel the motion of the affected joints of the hands.

There is a high lability of cysts of the joints, they often change their size and may disappear completely with time.There are single cystic formation (to form a single cavity) and multiple (formed by many small cysts).

Despite the absence of pain in the formation of cysts, yet there are several major symptoms of this disease:

  • Violation of the normal functioning of the joint that can lead to complete loss of mobility;
  • Swelling in the joint area is groped by palpation and has clear boundaries;
  • Pain during joint movement;
  • Numbness near the cyst tissue swelling.

contribute to the formation of cysts joint diseases such as arthritis, arthrosis and osteoarthritis.Cystic formation can not occur independently, and often formed as a result of degenerative joint diseases, injuries and inflammation.

To detect cystic formations using such diagnostic methods as ultrasound, X-ray, MRI and puncture.In addition to identifying the most cysts data research methods make it possible to identify the disease, which provoked her education.Also, when such studies determine the degree of joint destruction, joint cyst localization in the tissues of its size.

cyst Becker

knee joint is composed of different elements, united in one complex.Stifle combines tibial, femoral bone and the patella (kneecap).Cyst knee joint is formed on its rear side and is located in the popliteal fossa.Cyst of the knee received a medical name - "Bekker's cyst".

As with the majority of cysts, cyst of the knee does not cause much discomfort to the patient and not dangerous in small sizes.However, increasing cyst can compress blood vessels and nerves, leading to thrombosis, numbness shin inflammation, phlebitis, varicose veins, neuritis, edema and loss of sensitivity.

often causes the formation of cysts of the knee joint are various injuries that affected the joint.One of the adverse consequences of this disease may be tear cyst content with effusion in the surrounding tissue, it can lead to an inflammatory process in the tissue.

cyst hip

The designs of the hip joint can be called the most difficult.It has several axes and a spherical articular complex formed lunate surface of the acetabulum and the articular surface of the femoral head.External symptoms and pain at the hip joints of the hands are missing.However, in the presence of a cyst in the hip people will start to feel the pain when walking much earlier than the formation of cysts in the knee or ankle.Most patients begin to feel numbness, stiffness, discomfort and loss of sensitivity of the affected area.

Pathogenesis hip cyst has similarity with other cystic formations - is the formation of a cavity filled with synovial fluid.

Diagnostics hip cyst was carried out by X-ray and MRI studies.The cause of this type of cystic structures in most cases are not injured, and degenerative diseases and inflammatory processes.

cyst ankle

The structure of the ankle joint is an articulation of the foot and leg bones in particular collision, small and tibia.Cyst ankle occurs largely due to degenerative joint processes as well as due to trauma.

For cysts ankle characterized by smaller and asymptomatic.Localized ankle cyst on the back of the joint

treatment method

is used as the radical and conservative treatment of joint cysts.

It should be noted that the joint treatment of cysts even necessary in the case where its presence does not cause discomfort to the patient.The danger lies in the likelihood of cyst capsule rupture and the eruption of its contents, which can lead to inflammation of the surrounding tissue.

joint cyst treatment by conservative method involves the following activities:

  • joint cysts Treatment of medical drugs with the activation of anti-inflammatory drugs and corticosteroids.
  • Crushing - this technique is fully reflects the essence of its name, ieactually occurs squeezing cystic contents back into the motherboard chamber.This helps preserve cystic capsule in which the accumulated and generating the synovial fluid.Naturally, this leads to only temporary relief situation, but it is possible to pick up further treatment.Relapse during the crushing procedure is inevitable and, therefore, requires the urgent application of further treatments.
  • joint puncture cyst - a cyst puncture and removed its contents for biochemical analysis.The cystic cavity emptied of their content, are administered anti-inflammatory drugs.Next, place the cyst pulls tight pressure bandage.Joint immobilization performed to reduce generation of synovial fluid.This technique is effective when it is impossible to conduct the surgical excision of the cyst.The risk of recurrence is high.

most effective method of treatment is considered to be surgical excision of tumors.Today, using the endoscopic technique of removal of cysts of the joints, which results in less mechanical damage to tissue, painless and fast recovery of the patient after surgery.

conduct operations under local anesthesia.Cystic capsule is completely removed, and then the weak point of the joint capsule is sutured special seam.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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