Pancreatic Cyst - Symptoms, Treatment


1. reasons

2. Symptoms of pancreatic cysts

3. pancreatic cyst treatment

In this disease in the pancreas of a cavity formed inwhich accumulates fluid, and they can be located both in the hardware and beyond.

The disease often affects equally both men and women, usually cyst development occurs between the ages of 25 to 55 years

cyst can be in three parts of the pancreas - the head, body and tail.Only in some cases, it spreads over the whole of its surface.The volume of fluid contained in the cysts, up to 2 liters.

Besides experts distinguish two types of the disease, depending on its origin, this is the true and false cysts.

true cyst occurs in 20 percent of cases, it is formed during the formation and development of the pancreas.It is noted that its walls lined with epithelial layer.This form cysts often do not bother the person and determined by chance during ultrasound procedures.

false cyst occurs much more frequently (80%).The causes of pancreatic cysts false forms

are transferred earlier inflammation (pancreatitis), trauma, excessive use of alcoholic beverages or surgery.In this case, the cyst wall lined with a fibrous tissue changes are marked changes in the walls and surrounding gland organs such as the stomach and large intestine.

Causes Causes of pancreatic cysts in some cases are the hereditary pathology.In addition, it may contribute to the development of bad habits, acute / chronic diseases of the pancreas itself or poor diet.

Obstruction of bile flow may be caused by the following diseases:

1. Pancreatitis

When this inflammatory disease of the pancreas marked difficulty in movement of secretion through the ducts.That is why pancreatitis can become not only a cause of the cysts, but also lead to a number of complications, if any.

2. Bleeding in the parenchyma of the pancreas

This process leads to the formation of edema, which also hampers the free movement of secretion by pancreatic ducts.It is worth noting that the timely shot swelling significantly reduces the likelihood of cyst.

3. Elevated levels of cholesterol in the blood

In this case, the cause of pancreatic cysts becomes excessive consumption of fat food, since this leads to the formation of cholesterol, which in turn clog the glands ducts.

Symptoms of pancreatic cysts

The most common symptoms of the disease rather pronounced, so their first appearance should immediately seek help from a specialist.

main symptom of pancreatic cysts are pain in the right or left hypochondrium.In some cases, the pain is felt in the navel, as it could give the left arm / shoulder blade under the shingles or have character.

The intensity of pain depends on the complications that could be developed in the absence of timely treatment.

next pronounced symptom is a seal in the area of ​​the abdomen, which is easy enough to be felt.

presence of cysts leads to feelings of nausea, vomiting and reduced appetite.

In that case, if the cyst becomes large, it can pinch the neighboring organs, which in turn leads to disruption of normal outflow of bile into the duodenum.Overlapping cyst pancreatic duct can lead to jaundice, indigestion, and to the emergence of severe pain.In addition, in this disease, a change in urine color (becomes darker) and stool (becoming bright).

When you join a cyst infection in painful feelings adds fever, chills, feeling of general weakness of the body.

If, however, the maximum size happens cysts rupture, the liquid contained in it, gets into the abdominal cavity, which in turn is usually accompanied by bleeding.In this case, the pancreatic cyst symptoms are pronounced, after the rupture of a person first feels a sharp pain, then weakness, cold sweats and loses consciousness.

Where there is evidence listed above, you should immediately seek help from a specialist.

Diagnosis of the disease can be carried out by means of ultrasound or endoscopic ultrasound procedure.In most cases, preference is given to a second method of diagnosis, since when it is used, it is possible not only to detect cysts, and determine its nature (benign, premalignant or cancerous).

introduction of the endoscope into the duodenum allows you to make accurate and detailed images of the pancreas, liver and gall bladder.

Treatment of pancreatic cysts

In the event that during the diagnosis confirmed the malignant nature of the disease requires immediate removal of pancreatic cysts.

This procedure is best performed at medical centers, specialty which is aimed at removing the cancer cells.

complexity of treatment of pancreatic cyst depends on its location and size.

In cases where the cyst is less than 3 centimeters, is assigned to only the annual observance of the study with the help of ultrasound, which will ensure the timely diagnosis of any of its changes.

If the size of more than 3 cm, it is necessary to carry out surgical treatment of pancreatic cyst, which is the traditional techniques and laparoscopic operations.

Traditional methods include:

1. Opening of the cyst cavity for its emptying (tsistoenterostomiya)

In carrying out this procedure, the cyst cavity is usually treated with 96% ethanol, followed by cross-linking of the intestinal wall.

2. Resection

Removing pancreatic cysts

3. Draining cysts

This procedure ensures minimal trauma to the patient.

Currently increasingly preferred pancreatic cyst removal using laparoscopic equipment.In this case, instead of a large abdominal incision (from the xiphoid process to the umbilicus), make 3-4 small incisions, the size of which does not exceed the 1 st centimeters.After that, they entered through the camera, transmitting images on the monitor, and direct tools by which the surgery is performed.This procedure is performed under general anesthesia and takes up to 3 hours.

cyst removal by this method, reduces the hospital stay of 5-7 days, which ensures speedy social and occupational rehabilitation of the patient.In addition to the body does not remain large scars, only 3-4 small hem.

As a result of this treatment the cyst is very rare complications arise, such as getting into the wound and abdominal cavity infection, postoperative hernia.

after undergoing surgery to remove a cyst, a certain rehabilitation.First of all you need to follow a special diet, in which you need to limit fatty / fried foods consumption, as well as products with high cholesterol.

In addition, experts recommend intake of enzyme preparations and spa treatment.

In the first few months after surgery should refrain from strenuous exercise.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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