Adrenal cyst - symptoms , treatments for cysts


1. Symptoms of adrenal gland cysts

2. diagnosis of adrenal tumors

3. Treatment of adrenal cysts

adrenal cyst is a rare disorder of the adrenal glands.When autopsies reveal this pathology is less than 1% of the dead.As for the types of adrenal cysts, they are:

  • endothelial (limfangiomatoznymi or angiomatous);
  • pseudocysts that occur after hemorrhage in normal or tumor tissue.

Causes of adrenal data structures remain unknown.Scientists believe that the main role in their formation played by genetic factors.

Usually, cysts laid still in the embryonic period, and over the years are not detected during an abdominal ultrasound.Basically, adrenal cyst can be found in the form of unilateral cystic lesions.A bilateral or multiple changes occur very rarely.

adrenal adenoma is a benign tumor, which is not prone to malignant transformation, but at the same time has hormonal activity.It therefore significantly affects the levels of adrenal hormones.In this regard, it is necessary

to carry out a surgical treatment when there is data neoplasms.

adrenal carcinoma - a malignant tumor that requires urgent medical treatment, because it has a high tendency to develop metastases.

Symptoms of adrenal gland cysts

Usually, the cyst did not identify themselves, they are painless and do not have specific symptoms.Moreover, unlike adenomas, they are almost always hormonally inactive.But sometimes a symptom of adrenal gland cysts is the presence of aching pain and feeling of compression of the gastrointestinal tract.

Another symptom of adrenal cyst is that large-sized tumors can provoke a partial impairment of renal function.This occurs due to compression of the renal artery.Such a specialist can identify cysts using palpation.

diagnosis of adrenal tumors

survey of patients should include:

  • analysis of hormonal status of the patient;
  • biochemical blood and urine tests;
  • radiography;
  • ultrasound of the abdomen;
  • computer inspection;
  • MRIs.

Sometimes adrenal scintigraphy is performed to determine the presence of metastases.

Treatment of adrenal cysts

Due to the fact that there is no conservative treatment of adrenal cysts, these tumors should be removed surgically.A delay in the operation usually adversely affects the patient's health and may even cause unrecoverable consequences.

Individual indications for surgery and the choice of the type of operation, together define a surgeon and endocrinologist at the results of the survey.To date, the most common methods of operation are cystectomy and prostatectomy.Surgical treatment using a laparoscopic approach, is generally determined by the specialist qualification, the patient's health condition and the severity of his illness.

indications for such an operation as a laparoscopic adrenalectomy are inactive benign and hormonally active adrenal education without signs of infiltration into the surrounding tissues, a diameter of 2 to 6 cm.

the treatment of adrenal cyst secrete a-sparing technique, which is called partial adrenalectomy.It involves removing only the pathological formation (cysts or adenomas) at the maximum preservation of the adrenal gland.

After surgery to remove the abnormal adrenal neoplasms necessarily performed histological examination of the material in order to exclude the presence of malignant neoplasms remote nature.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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