Maxillary sinus cyst - Symptoms , treatment and removal


1. Forms cysts

2. symptoms of cysts of the maxillary sinus

3. cyst treatment in the maxillary sinus

maxillary sinus - is paired maxillary sinus,the largest of the paranasal sinuses - the amount of each of them is about 30 cm 3.The inner wall of the maxillary sinus on the border of the nasal cavity and the bottom close to the roots of the upper teeth.However, the main feature of the maxillary pahuzi, that its fine mucosa poor in goblet cells, blood vessels and nerves, which is why the disease developing in this area for a long time may be asymptomatic.That's why the maxillary sinus cyst is almost always detected by chance, most often in the treatment of sinusitis on X-ray or during a CT scan.

Forms cysts

cyst in the maxillary sinus is a spherical protrusion of the mucosa of the maxillary sinus wall, which contains inflammatory fluid.Depending on the contents of the sinus cyst may be mucous, purulent, serous.When sinus excessively stretched even air can be detected therein

.Cysts are true or false tooth or associated with malformations.

True or retention cysts are formed as a result of inflammation of the glands of the mucous membranes of the sinuses.This pathological process closed ducts, glandular lumen is filled with content, stretches and turns into a cyst.

False cysts or cystiform education are most often found in men.The origin of them are not fully elucidated.According to one theory, they arise as a result of the action of the allergen to the mucous membrane of the sinus, on the other - due to infection that increases the sensitivity of the mucosa.

symptoms of cysts of the maxillary sinus

primarily a disease affects the organs of vision.The first symptoms of the cyst of the maxillary sinus - oddly enough, limited mobility and displacement of the eyeball.The patient complains that the vision loss of former sharpness, and his eyes start to divide in two.Therefore, instead of an otolaryngologist, patients often turn to an ophthalmologist.However, before you appear in the visual symptoms, cyst of the maxillary sinus long time develops without obvious symptoms.Sometimes this process takes years and decades.

Other relatively early symptoms of cysts of the maxillary sinus - pain and feeling of heaviness in the affected area, which is enhanced by tilting the head.If we make a palpation, you can hear the characteristic "crackle of parchment" in the affected area.In rare cases, the secret comes out spontaneously through the nose, but the causes of the disease and it does not eliminate the causes of recovery.The disease continues to evolve, and in the most severe cases can lead to edema of the middle turbinate and polypous multiple growths.Such diseases like SARS and sinusitis can provoke nagnaivanie cysts.In these cases, the cysts of the maxillary sinus symptoms resemble acute sinusitis.

To diagnose a cyst in the maxillary sinus computed tomography of the head is used, magnetic resonance imaging of the sinuses, endoscopy.For X-ray paranasal sinuses are removed in two ways.Sometimes cysts to determine their place in the alleged formation of contrast fluid is introduced and held gaymorografiya.In some cases, a biopsy or sampling maxillary sinus tissue to study microbiological, biochemical and cytological indices.This makes it possible to determine the nature and duration of the disease.

As the cyst develops slowly, it rarely gives complications.Yet sometimes possible such troubles as regular acute sinusitis.When the cyst is growing slowly, it begins to push hard on the bones and organs of the head, causing in rare cases, bone deformation.When the disease for a long time can not find the proper treatment, rejection of the bone can begin.

cyst treatment in the maxillary sinus

When a cyst in the maxillary sinus is asymptomatic and does not bother the patient, it is usually not touched.Pseudocyst, which arise in connection with dental disease usually go away after the treatment of the tooth.

If education has become a nuisance to the patient, it is removed.Remove the cysts of the maxillary sinus is conducted minimally invasive technique.The maxillary sinus is a small hole, which is administered using an endoscope forceps to remove the cyst capsule.In the treatment of cysts of the maxillary sinus in this way is not closed with stitches, and did not make the cut on his face.Place the cut is located under the upper lip under local or general anesthesia.The operation lasts about an hour, and as a result of endoscopic fully restored function and properties of the maxillary sinus.

Depending on the wishes of the patient's age or removal of cysts of the maxillary sinus may be limited to sinus puncture and removal of the cystic fluid.But this method of treatment of cysts of the maxillary sinus or may not give a perfect result.Moreover, it can lead to a secondary infection of the sinuses and even the formation of a large non-healing ulcer with fistula.

In order to avoid re-inflammation, treatment of cysts of the maxillary sinus should include the identification and prevention of diseases that can cause its development.These include dental caries, periodontal disease, rhinitis, etc.

In asymptomatic course of disease it is advisable to use the methods of the national treatment of cysts of the maxillary sinus.One known such way - instillation aloe juice 3-5 drops into each nostril.Aloe leaves before it was preincubated in the refrigerator for three days.

Another way of national treatment of cysts of the maxillary sinus - based on the mummy.20 ml of water is taken 5 ml of glycerol and 2 grams of mummies.The mixture was instilled into the nose three times a day.

The national treatment of cysts of the maxillary sinus also apply leaf juice golden mustache, wood pulp cyclamen tubers and many other medicinal plants and herbs.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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