Keloids - clinical manifestations , treatment and removal


1. Risk Factors

2. Clinical manifestations

3. Keloids ears

4. Treatment of keloids

Keloid scars or keloids- a pathological overgrowth of scar tissue, which occurs in the area of ​​infectious skin lesions, burns, trauma, surgery, and other violations integrity of the skin.These abnormal growths significantly larger than the initial injury.As for localization of keloids, it may be different.Most often, the data skin growths are formed in the shoulder area, chest, ear lobes, and some low-level functional areas of the skin.The degree of severity of the injury does not affect the size of keloids, as well as the probability of their occurrence.

If we talk about the appearance of keloids, they look like a dense tumor formation, which rises on the skin 5-8 mm, bluish, bright pink or pale in color.Etiology to date is still unknown.

Many doctors contend that keloids do not represent any danger to human health and life, however, people deliver significant physical and psychologi

cal discomfort (since the appearance of keloids is not aesthetic).

Risk Factors

exact cause of keloids today are not known.However, there are factors that increase the risk of these abnormal growths.These include:

  • Severe skin pigmentation.
  • genetic predisposition.
  • wound infection at the time of healing.
  • localization of skin injuries (the region of the deltoid muscles, earlobe, thorax).
  • Age-related changes.
  • hormonal imbalance.
  • Violation innervation.
  • imbalance of the immune system.

Clinical manifestations

formation of these abnormal growths accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • pain at the time of pressing.
  • itch by scratching.
  • redness in keloid.
  • high level of sensitivity of the affected tissues.

There are two stages of the development of keloids:

  • active stage - a dynamic growth of keloid, which brings the patient a huge amount of physical discomfort (numbness of the affected tissues, itching, pain, and so on.).At this stage to say about the "active keloids."
  • inactive stage is characterized by a final and full completion of the formation of keloid scars.At this stage of keloid does not cause much discomfort to patients.Such scars are called stabilized or inactive, as their color is close to the normal skin color.

As a rule, begin to form keloids after 1-3 months from the time of wound healing.The active phase may last a long time - more than 12 months.Basically, keloid scar is not reduced in size and retains firm texture.

Many today do not see the difference between hypertrophic scars and keloids.This nuance is quite important, since it is the type of scar and depends further treatment.Regarding the hypertrophic scar, it only occurs in the lesion of the skin, as well as the injury does not exceed the boundaries of what can be said about keloids.

When these symptoms should immediately consult a doctor-specialist:

  • emergence of signs of inflammation of the scar and surrounding skin.
  • Increased pain and mechanical influences (friction scar, pressure), and in a state of relative calm.
  • A significant increase in the size of keloid within a short period of time.

on Keloids Keloids

ears on the ears occur at the present time more often.One of the main causes of these abnormal growths or cartilage piercing is earlobe and wearing earrings made of poor-quality alloys, which are irritating to the skin of the ear.Usually, keloids ears bring to patients not only an aesthetic discomfort (the inability to wear jewelry, localization keloid in a prominent place, and so on.), But also physical, as active keloid causes itching, burning sensation, pain, which intensified when grazing scar at the time of dressingand during sleep.

Treatment of keloids

Modern methods of treatment of keloids are divided into: conservative (use of medications and other treatments) and radical (removal of keloids laser or surgically).Regardless of the form and type of abnormal growths, scar therapy, it is desirable to start with conservative methods.These include:

  • ointment therapy.Treatment of keloids ointments based on the sub-exposure anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and normalizing the blood circulation of substances.This technique is rarely used on its own, since it is only an additional type of therapy.
  • Silicone plates.With this treatment method reduces the synthesis of collagen, the capillaries are compressed, reduced delivery of mediators of inflammation and scarring of hydration.
  • Compression - the pressure on the damaged area of ​​skin keloids.Compression squeezes the blood vessels of the scar, blocking his power and leads to stop the growth of keloid.
  • Corticosteroids.Treatment of keloids by this method is very effective.This procedure is performed locally or by administering drug in scarring.
  • Cosmetic correction - is dermabrasion, peels and many other techniques aimed at correcting the appearance of keloid scars.

If we talk about the radical method of treatment, then it relates to the removal of keloids by surgery or laser burn scar area.

Surgical removal of keloids is not only the elimination of the scar, but also an area of ​​skin on which the present proliferation.The main drawback of such a removal of keloids is considered to be a high level of risk of the formation of new abnormal growths on the site of the surgery.Therefore, it is necessary not only to remove scar itself, but also of the skin, - it helps reduce the risk of new keloid.

As for laser correction, that is the removal of keloids (dissection and cauterization) makes it possible to eliminate the scar is almost without injury surrounding tissue.

the treatment of keloids, traditional medicine (non-traditional funds), as well as self-medication can only aggravate the situation.Therefore, at the slightest suspicion of this pathology is necessary to ask for help only to specialists.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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