8 May

Cataract eye - symptoms, treatment , removal, operation

Contents:

1. Causes

2. Symptoms of eye cataracts

3. Treatment of Eye cataract

Inside the human eye is a kind of optical lens - the lens.Its function can be compared with the functions of the camera lens.Lens transmits the light and focuses it onto the retina.If the transparency of such "optical lens" is reduced visual acuity decreases.This clouding of the lens is called a cataract.

This is one of the most common eye diseases, the risk of which increases with age.Cataracts often develops slowly, but with an eye injury, the presence of some inherited diseases, diabetes, radiation therapy after the disease may be rapid.

Usually cataracts, unless the reason for it has not been an injury affects both eyes.The disease is spread on part of the lens or the entire lens.Violation of at turbidity of the lens is not always observed.However, when there is no treatment of cataract, it progresses and can lead to total blindness.

Causes

Cataract eye occurs in most cases in the elderly.However,

there is congenital cataracts, the causes of which are usually infectious diseases during pregnancy, the impact at the time of radiation or reception of the future mother of potent drugs.

Usually the first signs of cataracts in humans appear after 40-50 years.Most often the disease occurs in such cases:

  • There cataracts in close relatives;
  • There ported eye injury;
  • There ophthalmic surgery;
  • In diabetes;
  • When a person is exposed to UV light for a long time;
  • If the body is a long time under the influence of glucocorticoids;
  • If a person considerable time under the influence of ionizing radiation.

dangerous diseases cataract eye is significantly increased in smokers and those who disregard the rules of healthy eating.People with overweight or underweight suffer from cataracts are more likely than people with normal weight.Tension view with prolonged reading, watching TV or working at the computer, contrary to popular belief, is not one of the leading risk factors for the occurrence of eye cataracts.

Symptoms of cataract

Eye Eye Cataract Symptoms vary depending on the degree of damage to the lens.They are as follows:

  • With one eye closed in the second start forking;
  • blurry images of objects, which is not done by means of a clear points;
  • Increased sensitivity to light, escalating in the dark;
  • Myopia;
  • Reflections and flashes in the eyes, worse in the dark;
  • When looking at the light source seen a halo around him;
  • Reduced perception of colors (partial color blindness).

In the case of cataract symptoms are observed at least in part, it is a testament to the fact that the lens is exposed to the process of destruction.This alarm should be cause for immediate treatment from an ophthalmologist.Symptoms of eye cataracts can be mild and similar to normal fatigue of the visual organs.But to rely on the fact that a long rest to restore vision, it is impossible.Accurate diagnosis can only be a specialist who will conduct a full examination and prescribe the appropriate treatment of cataracts, if necessary.

Treatment

eye cataract in the initial stage of the disease cataract eye treatment is usually performed with medication.Patients are assigned eyedrops which contain mineral salts - potassium, magnesium, calcium, lithium, etc. There is an eye drop containing the vitamin-salt complex and the complex of salts, vitamins, nutrients and drugs hormones..There are drops with different extracts of animal and vegetable origin.

However, drug treatment of cataract is not a guarantee of getting rid of the disease, even in its very beginning.And in a protracted process or congenital disease is generally ineffective.Drops only prevent progression of lens opacities.If in the initial stages, along with various drugs used riboflabina electrophoresis and ascorbic acid, in the later stages of cataract surgery is needed.

Surgical treatment in this case depends on the symptoms of cataracts, the degree of development of the disease and its causes have caused.The modern ophthalmological surgery focuses on removing cataracts with lens and replacing it with an artificial lens.To date, the most common eye surgery is cataract ultrasonic phacoemulsification.

This cataract surgery is performed on an outpatient basis.It is quite complicated, but it is quick, done under local anesthesia and extremely performance - recovery of vision after cataract surgery is almost 95% of people.

Nowadays ophthalmosurgery reached a level that allows to operate successfully and mature and immature cataract.Cataract removal is advantageously carried out in a mature stage, since the extent of disease of the lens fibers are separated from the capsule it much easier.However, sometimes the cloud development occurs slowly, and vision in humans significantly decreases in both eyes.In such a situation requires immediate surgery cataract.

When symptoms of a cataract in the mature stage, one-sided, and the other eye sight is not falling, surgery is not an emergency.If in this case to hold the cataract removal, because of the substantial difference in refractive eye becomes very difficult subsequent vision correction.

Before removing the cataract patients carefully examined for the presence of any disease - diabetes, hypertension, bronchitis and so on.If any are found, in order to avoid complications during surgery and after, first the complex of treatment, and only then the operation is assigned.

Attention!

This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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