8 May

Caries - Causes, Symptoms , Treatment, Prevention

Contents:

1. Causes

2. Cervical caries

3. Deep caries

4. Types of diseases in children

5. Caries Treatment

6. caries prevention

caries - a disease in which the tooth is destroyed.First dissolved minerals that are part of the tooth, and then destroyed dental hard tissue and formed cavities.

Most often the beginning of caries has no symptoms.Sometimes on the surface of the tooth enamel can be seen a sign of change - or chalky yellowish stain.In some cases, the lesion there is increased sensitivity to salty, sour, sweet.The spot stage caries is difficult to diagnose as there are no complaints of the patient and the affected surface of the hard visible.

The article provides information on the causes of caries, treatment of this disease, the main types of caries (Cervical, deep caries) and prevention of disease.

Causes

Causes of caries not completely understood.The most likely cause of the disease is considered a lack of oral hygiene.As a result, there is a soft plaque on

the enamel in those places where it is not removed during chewing.This deepening of the chewing surfaces, the side surfaces of the tooth.This focus plaque bacteria mainly streptococci and fungi.Seals raid contribute mineral salts, which are in its composition.This forms dental plaque.Bacteria, which nest in the plaque, produce lactic acid, contributing top caries process.

Stability of teeth to caries depends on the overall immunity of the organism and existing diseases.More prone to tooth decay immunocompromised individuals suffering from diseases of the digestive system.

composition of saliva also plays a role in causing the disease.Caries susceptible people whose saliva is more viscous and has changed the ratio of mineral salts.

Another factor contributing to the occurrence of tooth decay is poor diet.In particular, this excessive consumption of sugar, vitamin deficiency in the diet, phosphorus, calcium, lack of food sufficient fruits and vegetables.caries prevention involves not only good oral hygiene, and nutrition.

Cervical caries

Caries, where the affected tooth cervix (the transition area of ​​the tooth to the gum) and are located near the tissue, called the cervical caries.This disease is more common in patients after 30 years.

main cause of cervical caries - tooth inaccessibility of the area.When cleaning the area of ​​the teeth near the gums often left unpeeled, since the surface of the toothbrush cleans more than the convex part of the tooth.Another reason for the development of cervical caries is a thinning of the tooth enamel with age.As a result, it is more exposed to destruction.Particular attention should be given to health in the case of cervical caries lesions several teeth at a time.This can be a symptom of endocrine disease.

Cervical caries is characterized by thinning of the tooth enamel, the appearance of pain, the formation of cavities.

Deep caries

Deep caries occurs at the last stage of the disease.It affects the deepest layers of dentin (dental hard tissues), and contributes to serious destruction of the tooth surface.During the initial appearance of deep caries, it develops from the surface or middle caries.In secondary - appears under the seals, when defects or chipped, and as a result of medication errors.

There are basic signs of deep caries:

  • patient complains of short-term pain from thermal, mechanical and chemical stimuli;pain usually passes quickly after the removal of the cause;
  • with external examination, the doctor can see the deep carious cavity filled with food residues and softened tooth structure;
  • if there is a seal, it can be seen under the heavy shade, indicating caries dental hard tissues.

particularly deep caries is that between the bottom of the cavity and the pulp of the tooth is a very thin layer of healthy dentin.In the absence of appropriate treatment, form deep caries can lead to vospaleniiyu tooth pulp (pulpitis), and then to periodontitis.This pathological process is accompanied by the formation of pus sac at the apex.

Types of diseases in children

on for caries in children affect the physiological and anatomical features of the body, the overall immunity of the child.There are different forms of dental caries in children.

Multiple (galloping) caries.In this form of the disease may develop in the cavities 8-20 teeth simultaneously.A tooth may have multiple cavities.This form of tooth decay can be the result of hard occurring infectious diseases (tonsillitis, measles, scarlet fever), chronic diseases bronchopulmonary system, tonsillitis.Multiple tooth decay in children is dangerous possibility of loss of teeth.

Circular caries.Sometimes in debilitated children suffering from rickets, tuberculosis and other diseases.Usually affects the upper teeth.This form of caries in children begins in the neck of the tooth.She quickly covers the tissue around the crown and penetrates.The crown of the tooth is destroyed, it breaks off.Caries spreads in the direction of the pulp (connective tissue that fills the cavity of the tooth).

Planar caries in children.This chronic form cavities in which the disease spreads over the surface of the tooth.Dentin becomes brown in color, often carious cavity is formed.

Treatment

caries Generally, treatment of caries is tooth sealing.First localized carious center.Then, in the early treatment of caries dentist removes the decayed tooth tissue.After that restore the integrity of the tooth, using a seal, or tab.Sometimes the treatment of caries appears the need for coating artificial crown.This happens in the case of the existence of a large cavity, where the remaining tooth tissue is not able to provide the necessary support for the seal.

If the carious process has gone far enough in the treatment of dental caries it is necessary to remove the nerve and subsequent sealing of root canal.Therefore, it is important to know about caries prevention and easiest way to prevent this disease.

Prevention

caries To prevent caries you need to follow some rules dental care and proper nutrition.

caries prevention includes the following measures:

  • sure to brush your teeth at least twice a day - ideally after each meal;thus used not only toothbrush and dental floss (floss);
  • use rinses the oral cavity containing antibacterial ingredients on a daily basis;
  • at least twice a year check-ups at the dentist;
  • to conduct a professional teeth cleaning twice a year is recommended to aim the prevention of dental caries;
  • balanced, nutritious food containing essential vitamins and minerals;limited number of carbohydrate products;
  • on prescription fluoride supplementation;
  • if necessary caries prevention involves coating the chewing surface of the teeth of a special sealant, fluoridation of teeth.

Attention!

This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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