A deviated septum of the nose - symptoms, treatment


1. types PPI

2. Clinical manifestations and symptoms

3. consequences of curvature

4. treatment of nasal septum deviation

bowpartition - this anatomical education, which is in the middle of the nasal cavity.The plate divides the nose into two equal parts: the left and right.The nasal septum is composed of the bony part (in the depth of the nasal cavity) and cartilage (front).Cartilaginous part can be felt with the fingers on the bridge of the nose (it supple and elastic to the touch).This part is most damaged nose at various traumas, which usually lead to distortions or fractures of the nasal septum.

curvature of the nasal septum (PPI) is a widespread condition, occurring in adults and in children.This pathology is a common cause of snoring, sinusitis, rhinitis, nasal breathing difficulty, and so on.

types PPI

Depending on the reasons for today are three main types of this condition:

  • Physiological PPI.This form of pathology observed in children and adolescents.It
    is caused by a mismatch in growth of cartilage and bone of the nasal septum.
  • compensatory curvature develops, mainly, thickened nasal wash basin and so on due to prolonged irritation of the cartilage of the nasal foreign bodies, polyps in the nasal cavity.
  • Traumatic (PPI) is a result of a variety of injuries.This distortion leads to nosebleeds and sudden disturbance of nasal respiration.

Clinical manifestations and symptoms

PPI may show the following symptoms:

  • Changes shape of the nose.As a rule, traumatic curvatures (septum cartilage fracture, dislocation and so on.) Nose shape changes.Then a displacement nose either left or right.Such conditions, mainly combined with nasal bone fracture.If you ignore the treatment of curvature of the nasal septum or refer to specialists in the later stages, the cartilage srastetsya wrong.
  • difficulty in nasal breathing is also one of the main manifestations of the disease.In this condition can be observed and a mild disorder and the absence of nasal breathing.In case of unilateral PPI, there is a violation of breath just to the left or right half of the nose.Many people do not even know about the presence of this condition, because their body has already adapted to the shortness of breath, and they think that the nose is breathing well.Therefore, you must remember one caveat - if the nose is breathing normally, it does not mean that a person has no curvature of the nasal septum, which must be treated obligatory.
  • dryness in the nasal cavity.
  • Snoring is also a consequence of a violation of nasal breathing.
  • polypoid changes of the nasal mucosa developed in the long course of chronic sinusitis nature.
  • Chronic inflammation of the paranasal sinuses - frontal sinusitis, etmoidita, sinusitis and so on.
  • Allergic diseases.The course of allergic processes supported by a violation of nasal breathing, especially if it is a compensatory curvature of the nasal septum.The constant irritation of the nose can trigger attacks of allergic rhinitis or asthma.Patients in these moments feel itching, "discomfort in the nose" of the nasal mucus continuously or periodically released.Such symptoms are very pronounced when combined nasal turbinate hypertrophy, allergic rhinitis and septal deviation.

consequences of curvature

The consequences of this disease can be varied.Some researchers have shown that the violation of nasal breathing provokes changes in the vascular system, blood and reproductive organs.In addition, with nasal breathing problems subjected to body hypothermia.Therefore, in order to avoid some of the problems, the treatment of nasal septum deviation should be mandatory and timely.

Treatment of nasal septum deviation

Since this pathological condition is accompanied by a disturbance of the normal anatomy of the nasal cavity, all conservative methods (breathing exercises, pills, vasoconstrictive drops and so on.) Have virtually no positive effect (or only temporary).

In clinical manifestations, the best way to treat curvature of the nasal septum - surgery (endoscopic septoplasty).This surgical method is not accompanied by cuts on the face and leaves only positive results.As for the comments about the operation at a curvature of the nasal septum, they are almost always positive, since the surgical process takes only 30 minutes to 1 hour.In addition, the operation may be performed under a general or local anesthesia.

This operating process is finished installing special silicone plates in the nasal cavity.Patients already on the second day have the opportunity to be discharged home.In short, thanks to modern medicine, reviews of the operation at a curvature of the nasal septum in most cases are only positive.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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