1. Types infection
2. Impetigo in children
3. Causes and Prevention of impetigo
4. Outpatient treatment of impetigo in children and adults
Impetigo is one of the most contagious skin diseases.The first stage of impetigo is characterized by the appearance of painful red spots on the skin.Most often suffer from the area around the nose and mouth.After the affected areas occur bubble-pustular rash that eventually burst and covered with a crust.There is also a form of bullous impetigo.In this case, the surface of the skin forms large blisters filled with turbid fluid or yellow, which remain intact.
affected areas of the skin have a diameter of about 1-3 cm. They can be combined and distributed in different parts of the body.The general condition of the patient is satisfactory, but on the background of the advanced stage complications may occur in the form of kidney disease and cardiovascular system.
Pathogens of the infection - the bacteria staphyloco
One of the most common forms of impetigo in children - perleches, which are a type of streptococcal infection.At the first stage of the disease in the corner of his mouth comes a bubble, which subsequently breaks and forms a crust.
Staphylococcal disease characterized by lesions of the hair follicle.This affects areas of the body with the hair.They formed pustules, which will eventually dry up and turn into a yellowish crust.
most difficult form of impetigo is vulgar, or mixed.Lesions in this case rapidly spread across the skin surface.This form of the disease requires immediate intervention of doctors.
impetigo in children occurs much more frequently than in adults.the risk of infection is high enough in children's groups.Children are constantly in contact with each other - holding hands, enjoying the same toys, communicate more active than adults.In addition, they have underdeveloped immune system.As a rule, impetigo occurs when skin lesions (cuts, microtraumas and so on. D.).Less common secondary form of infection that occurs on a background of scabies, lice, eczema, chickenpox and other skin diseases.
main factors that create favorable conditions for infection are:
- high humidity at high temperatures,
- disregard for the rules of hygiene,
- low immunity,
- the presence of skin lesions,
- circulatory disorders of the digestive system and,
- the presence of skin diseases.
use of hormonal ointments for the treatment of other types of skin disorders may also be a cause of impetigo.Therefore, they must be used with great caution.
disease prevention is proper and timely treatment of diseases against which it may be an infection, personal hygiene rules, preventing ingress of harmful bacteria in the body through microtrauma using antiseptics.
Treatment of impetigo in children and adults is carried out on an outpatient basis.Sometimes the infection is confused with other diseases such as candidiasis, herpes, bullous pemphigoid, and others. It is therefore very important to make an appointment with a dermatologist.
process of treating impetigo is usually limited to the use, antibacterial ointment (erythromycin, tetracycline) and alcoholic solutions for the treatment of the affected skin.At the same time they should not be in any case wet with water.The patient should have the personal hygiene and utensils.
doctor appoints vitamins that strengthen the immune system.During the treatment of impetigo are contraindicated products with high sugar content, which creates a favorable environment for bacterial growth.It is recommended to eat more foods rich in vitamin C.
In cases where the disease started in the treatment of impetigo can be treated with antibiotics.
There are many ways to treat impetigo folk remedies.When used, you first need to consult with a dermatologist.
process of treatment of impetigo in children requires constant monitoring.Care should be timely treatment of wounds, to protect the child from the kindergarten.It is very important psychologically support the child, because the depressed state of the body weakens.
This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.
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