6 May

Excess iodine in the body - causes, symptoms , treatment

Contents:

1. excess iodine in the body

2. Symptoms

Iodine - a substance that is extremely needed by the human body.Biologists call iodine micronutrients.In our body the trace element plays a crucial role, as involved in the creation of thyroid hormones, which contribute to the efficiency of metabolic processes.Also, a sufficient intake of iodine and therefore sufficient production of thyroid hormone ensures the normal development and growth of the body, and is responsible for heat generation.

Given the important role of iodine in our body, it is necessary to know in what products it contains.After all, it requires the thyroid gland to function correctly, in addition it produces the thyroid hormones thyroxine and above.Our body is not produced iodine, so it can be received only from the outside.It is worth noting that today there is a large percentage of diseases due to the fact that people in the diet of a large excess of iodine.Doctors believe that excess iodine in the human body could

threaten not only the state of his health, but life.

According to statistics, currently suffers from an excess of iodine 200 million people, and at risk of nearly billion.In the world there are about two hundred countries in which people in the daily ration of food iodine content is much lower than normal.It is important to know that the lack of iodine content in the body can also have a negative impact on human health, as well as its excess.

excess iodine in the body

In our country, the excess of iodine - a common phenomenon, but there are IDD.Basically, from an excess of iodine in the body affects the people who work in industries where it is produced or used.In these industries for normal human sanitary norm of iodine should not exceed 1 mg / m3.When concentrated iodine vapor are from 1.5 to 2 mg / m3, the work is hard, and if the concentration of the iodine vapors 3mg / m3, the operation is simply impossible.The daily dose of iodine consumption is no more than 500mkg.Excess iodine in the body can lead to poisoning.

Symptoms

Physicians iodine poisoning called "yodizma".Typically, such a poisoning occurs by inhalation of iodine vapors when administered to an iodine dose which is hundreds of times higher than the daily dose.Poisoning may come and when a person uses iodine medication for a long time.Also, excess iodine can be given by people who live near the sea.Yodizma phenomenon is not so easy to identify, sometimes doctors mistakenly call it allergic reactions.

There are two ways of poisoning - acute and chronic.Acute poisoning is manifested when there is very large dose of iodine in the human body in a short period of time.Chronic poisoning is considered when there is a regular intake of iodine in small doses, but for a long time.The complexity and severity of the disease, we can determine the amount of iodine intake and the way how did this element in the body.As already mentioned, a symptom of excess iodine can become acute poisoning, which occurs by inhalation of iodine vapor and can cause a dangerous condition for the critical human.Immediately thereafter, pulmonary edema may occur as a result of heart failure.Yodizma In most patients there is irritation of the mucous membranes of the skin and the respiratory tract.These symptoms include excess iodine (yodizma) can be swelling and swelling of the salivary glands, resulting in a developed excessive salivation, runny nose, watery eyes and cough with expectoration.

Considering all of the above symptoms of excess iodine can also diagnose the disease, which is called yododerma - a skin lesion.Doctors attributed it to allergic processes, or to inflammatory changes in vessels.The most common lesions occur on the face, neck and limbs.Less commonly found on the trunk and on the scalp.On the face appear eels, which are accompanied by itching and burning.Increasing in size, they become painful formation of blue-purple color from 0.5 to 3 cm. Also, when a person has an excess of iodine may appear such diseases as rubella, urticaria.The symptoms of excess iodine in some cases, include dermatitis (skin irritation).In the case of a burn on the skin of affected areas formed ulcers, which subsequently heal for a long time.There are other symptoms of excess iodine in an organism, such as for example:

  • chronic conjunctivitis and blepharitis;
  • decreased visual acuity, while severe cases may develop cataracts;
  • in education eyelashes on the upper eyelids appear scaly skin;
  • metal taste in the mouth;
  • peculiar coloration of the mouth and the peculiar smell of his mouth;
  • muscle pain, cramps, weakness, diarrhea, emaciation;
  • headache, dizziness, nausea and vomiting;
  • pain and burning in the throat, hoarseness, and thirst;
  • toxic hepatitis (liver disease);
  • yellowness in some areas of the skin and mucous membranes;
  • airway inflammation (pharyngitis, sinusitis, sinusitis, bronchitis);
  • weakened immune system and frequent colds, tonsillitis, pneumonia.

Along with all the above symptoms, excess iodine can not only inhibit the activity of the thyroid gland, but also to strengthen its activities, it can also harm the human body.

Attention!

This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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