Tartar - the causes of , the removal (removal )


1. Causes of stone

2. Unpleasant consequences

3. Methods scaling

Plaque - lime brown hue, which,typically occurs on the inner surfaces of the lower incisors.According to statistics, about 80% of people have tartar.It is formed of soft plaque on which are deposited lime saliva salt.The most common cause of stone formation is improper and irregular brushing your teeth.In addition, it may result from metabolic disorders, taking only soft foods and chew food on one side.Coping with deposits of tartar on their own is impossible.It should also be noted that the problem in any case can not be ignored, as the plaque is a permanent conductor of the infection.At the advanced stage may develop inflammation of the gums (gingivitis) or damage to the tissues surrounding the tooth (periodontitis).

Removing tartar is recommended every six months or a year.Stone removal is done using, both manual tools and ultrasound.After removal of tartar spend grinding and polishing of the tooth surface

.This procedure is completely painless, as is generally performed under local anesthesia.Prevention of tartar is a regular (2 times a day) tooth brushing.In addition it is important to make the right choice of toothbrush and toothpaste from the variety that exists today.

As noted above, tartar is a lime deposits on the teeth.In nature, the limestone is white, but the tartar has a fairly dark shade.The fact is that in its composition in addition to the calcium salts also include dead cells, food debris, phosphorus and iron salts, bacteria and so on.

Causes of stone

Among the main causes of stone formation can highlight the constant use of soft food, the use of poor-quality toothbrushes and toothpastes, chewing food on one side of the jaw, ignoring the regular tooth brushing, metabolism, mainly salt.It is not enough smooth or rough surface of the teeth, as well as their wrong position can cause the formation and development of tartar.

Unpleasant consequences

Dental kamenlokalizuetsya between the surface of the tooth and gingival margin.Constantly delayed plaque filled with a large number of microorganisms that contribute to the development of inflammation in the surrounding areas desnovyh.There is a risk of formation of gingivitis, in which gums to bleed at the slightest touch.

tartar deposition occurs as a result of increasing saliva production.Stone grows and develops, striking deep subgingival areas.In those places where the root surface hardened deposits are located, the abutment device fiber die.Besides the destruction of exposed jaw bone, which has become dysfunctional in these places.Thus, a pathological periodontal pockets.Defeat exposed to all the tissues surrounding the tooth, and is formed periodontitis, which develops gradually and becomes more serious forms.

fact that far fewer really understand the seriousness of the harm that can cause dental plaque, filled with billions of pathogenic bacteria.Diseases of the upper respiratory tract, various diseases of the blood, and gastrointestinal infections can be directly related to the running of inflammatory processes in the oral cavity (periodontitis, gingivitis).

Methods scaling

Conduct tartar removal should only be in the dental office.Previously carried out mechanical cleaning using special hooks.To date, this method is not used.The fact that this procedure was quite painful and not efficient.Also there was a risk of occurrence of damage to the tooth and gum.Thus, there is a lot of problems in the prevention and treatment of periodontitis in adults and children.Today use two basic ways to remove tartar, ultrasound and laser removal of tartar.

Ultrasound - a new technology designed to effectively eliminate fossil teeth, promotes rapid and painless cleaning of the teeth and gums.This procedure should be performed with extreme caution to patients suffering from cardiovascular diseases.In addition the procedure is strictly contraindicated in the presence of a pacemaker.Removing tartar is as follows: ultrasonic scaler vibrates and the vibrations of a certain frequency, due to which the tooth gently cleaned of fossils is not damaged tooth surface.The nozzle device is not in contact with the tooth surface due to the effect of cavitation (powerful swirl of liquid).

During scaler using this method of water, oxygen, disinfectant treatment site.In addition there is a mechanical cleaning the gums and root.In some cases, if you are sensitive use anesthetic gel.

laser - another tool aimed at removing plaque, but this method is not as common as ultrasound.Process scaler with a laser similar to the method using ultrasound.There is a fragmentation of fossil deposits, which are located on the surface of the tooth.

The fact that the laser system is much more expensive ultrasonic equipment.It is for this reason, not all clinics can offer to carry out this procedure.

Chemical etching - an auxiliary technique, rendering the chemical action using alkalis and acids, which helps soften and dissolve fossils, thereby simplifying the subsequent removal of tartar.Currently, this method almost does not apply.

Air abrasion (Air Flow) - a method that is applied to the solution under pressure teeth, which are components of the abrasive agent and water.

As a result, feed solution under pressure, as well as by air-abrasion is effectively cleansing the teeth surface from pigmentation and yellow plaque.This method is also an auxiliary procedure, which is carried out after the removal of tartar with ultrasound.Air abrasion helps to eliminate tartar debris from hard to reach areas, as well as conducting polishing and grinding of the tooth surface.

This technique is used as an independent procedure in removing plaque in the early stages.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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