Jaundice in children and adults : signs , symptoms, treatment


1. Symptoms of jaundice

2. Signs of jaundice

3. methods of treatment

4. Jaundice newborns

Jaundice - the main symptom,indicating liver damage and certain blood disorders.The occurrence of jaundice is caused by the accumulation of bilirubin in the blood, which is not displayed in the standard way, which is why there is yellowing of the skin and sclera.Jaundice is not defined as an independent disease.If yellowing of the skin and sclera should immediately see a doctor and undergo a qualitative diagnosis.

main cause staining of the skin is a yellow pigment that occurs as a result of breakdown of hemoglobin.Normally, in healthy individuals bilirubin is excreted in the feces through the digestive tract.The accumulation of bilirubin in the blood due to liver failure, as well as obstruction of the biliary tract.The excess of substance is output from the kidneys, thereby providing an additional load on the bodies and through the skin so that it acquires and jaundiced.

Symptoms of jaundice

Symptoms of jaundice is easy enough to recognize

Among the main symptoms of jaundice can be distinguished pain in the right upper quadrant - in the place of location of the liver.In addition, for jaundice is characterized by chills, headache, fever.Patients usually experience symptoms of jaundice such as weight loss, diarrhea disorders, loss of appetite.

Biliary burp - another symptom of jaundice that occurs when the cause of the disease has become a cholecystitis.Among the common symptoms of the disease can be identified intoxication, which consists in causing muscle pain, nausea, vomiting and other symptoms.

Signs of jaundice

emit characteristic jaundiced skin, sclera (whites of the eyes) and mucous membranes The main signs of jaundice.Excessive intake of carotene may cause false jaundice, which is manifested in the appearance of a yellowish skin tone, without affecting other areas of the body.

In order to properly determine the existence of a real disease, it is necessary to follow the main signs of jaundice.It should be remembered that the hallmarks of jaundice is a yellowing of the skin, not only, but also the mucosa and sclera.Among other signs of jaundice can be distinguished darkening of the urine, which is a result of the disease takes on the color of strong tea, and begins to foam.In addition there is discoloration of feces, which eventually becomes white.

methods of treatment

jaundice treatment depends entirely on the root causes of its origin.As a rule, used drug therapy, designed to destroy the excess bilirubin in the blood.jaundice treatment may also include phototherapy, which through the action of UV light contributes to effective disintegration of bilirubin.

treatment of neonatal jaundice does not require medical intervention.Often the liver function in children is restored independently, and jaundice symptoms disappear after a while.

course jaundice treatment also includes the observance of a specific diet.Diet in this case should be light and soft to the gallbladder and liver.It is recommended to include in the daily diet of low-fat fish food and meat, low-fat dairy products, vegetable dishes.In the treatment of jaundice should not eat vegetables containing coarse crude fiber.

Jaundice newborns

Jaundice newborns - the emergence of jaundice skin tone and mucous in children in the first days of life.This manifestation of jaundice in children occurs as a result of violations of bilirubin metabolism.Physiological jaundice in children are not suffering from any disease, arises from immature hepatic enzyme systems.There are also hereditary (genetically determined) enzimopatii.

Among other causes of neonatal jaundice can be distinguished enhanced disintegration of red blood cells.It is also possible jaundice, acquired as a result of a massive hemorrhage during delivery or as a result of acute and chronic infections of viral and bacterial origin;jaundice, occurred as a result of congenital deficiency of the enzyme glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, taking part in the exchange of bilirubin;hereditary hemolytic neonatal jaundice resulting from changes in red blood cells, is easy enough to suffer destruction.

Jaundice in children may acquire a hemolytic character.There is this type of jaundice in children due to incompatibility of blood between mother and fetus.Also, neonatal jaundice may occur due to a mechanical delay of bile (swelling of the liver and pancreas, congenital atresia of the bile ducts) or lesions of the liver parenchyma (salivary gland disease, hepatitis, syphilis, sepsis, toxoplasmosis).

Treatment of jaundice in children depends on the cause of the disease.It should be noted that the physiological neonatal jaundice did not require special treatment.

neonatal jaundice - a temporary conjugation jaundice occurring in the majority of healthy children in the first days of life.The disease occurs due to the fact that the fetal red blood cells, which are destroyed after birth, contain a special type of hemoglobin (hemoglobin F - Fetal).Also, the majority of newborns there is a lack of a special protein involved in the transport of bilirubin through the membranes of liver cells.

Jaundice in babies born before the appointed time, occurs slightly more often than in full-term newborns.This type of jaundice is more severe symptoms, and its duration is 3 - 4 weeks.The level of bilirubin in this case reaches its maximum on the fifth - the sixth day of newborn life.With intensive jaundice possible appointment of medical therapy and phototherapy.

Hemolytic disease of the newborn - a disease caused by, as a rule, incompatible blood of the mother and child on the Rh factor.The disease manifests itself in the first hours or days of newborn life.The most severe form of the disease is accompanied by the appearance of edema.There are also icteric form and shape of congenital anemia.The jaundiced form - the most common form of the disease.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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