Diffuse changes in the thyroid gland - Symptoms, Treatment


1. Causes of diffuse changes in thyroid

2. Diagnostics

3. Signs of diffuse thyroid changes

4. Treatment

Diffusethyroid changes - this is one of the terms of ultrasonic diagnosis.It means that all thyroid tissue has undergone changes in uniform, ie all iron reflected ultrasound is not the way it is supposed to do a healthy body.

Causes of diffuse changes in thyroid

At the heart of these changes is an iodine deficiency in the body or the presence of any inflammatory response.Typically, iodine deficiency observed in endemic areas, where the water and the soil contains insufficient amounts of this element.One of the main causes of the development of the disease, are an unbalanced diet and a drastic change in the environment.

In addition, the cause of diffuse changes of the thyroid gland can become one of the following diseases: chronic autoimmune thyroiditis, endemic goiter, subacute thyroiditis, mixed goiter, Graves' disease.

Inflammation of the prostate tissue often

has an autoimmune nature, ie the destruction of the body is due to pathological aggression of the human immune system.


changes observed in the thyroid gland, can be detected during a simple inspection.When probing the anterior cervical spine doctor detects a certain increase in the gland, and then gives the patient a referral for a detailed examination.

For more information about the structure of the thyroid gland can be obtained by imaging examination methods, the most common of which is ultrasonography (US).As a rule, from the conclusion obtained after diagnosis, the patient learns that there had diffuse thyroid changes.

indication for ultrasound is a suspicion of thyroid disease.The basis for the study can also serve as hormonal disorders in the patient, his complaints and inspection results.If there is no evidence in favor of the pathological changes of the thyroid gland, ultrasound diagnosis is not carried out, since it is not considered a screening test.Specialist concludes the existence of diffuse changes in the body, if the results of ultrasound detected heterogeneity ehostruktury its tissues, decreased or increased echogenicity.

other imaging techniques are computer and magnetic resonance tomography.They are used much less often because of the potential danger for the patient.These imaging may become the basis for the diagnosis of focal or diffuse lesions of the thyroid gland, as these methods estimate the density and structure of the body tissues.

Signs of diffuse changes in thyroid

Signs of diffuse changes of the thyroid gland are the heterogeneity and density of the surface of the body without any focal changes, an increase in cancer, as well as the blurring of its contours.

Disturbances in the functioning of the thyroid gland can be of two forms:

  • hyperthyroidism - an increase in the number of thyroid hormones;
  • hypothyroidism - reduction in the number of thyroid hormones.

In some cases, inflammation occurs without marked changes in hormonal levels.

Change thyroid tissue structures are often accompanied by the formation of goiter (an increase in the volume of tissue).

In addition, diffuse changes may be accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • muscle pain;
  • frequent colds and persistent fever;
  • dry and brittle hair and nails;
  • decline in intelligence;
  • problems with memory and attention;
  • constant lethargy and fatigue;
  • anxiety and depression;
  • weight change;
  • hormonal disorders;
  • decreased sexual function;
  • constipation.


It should be remembered that the treatment of diffuse thyroid changes should only be administered under the supervision of a specialist, since the self can lead to complications of the disease and even more health problems.The choice of tactics of treatment of this disease depends primarily on the functionality of the prostate and the extent of its increase.

By increasing the size of the thyroid doctor is often limited to the appointment of a patient with potassium iodide or iodine products.Such treatment of diffuse changes of the thyroid gland should only be intermittent.

If the specialist identifies problems with the thyroid functionality, he usually writes the patient a synthetic analogue of thyroid hormone or a combination of drugs such as Tireotom and Levothyroxine.Thus it is necessary to constantly monitor the content of hormones in the blood.

If goiter nodes large, continue to grow rapidly and compress adjacent organs, surgery is necessary.After surgery, the patient is prescribed thyroid hormones.This makes it possible to prevent a recurrence of the disease and eliminate the risk of re-emergence of the crop.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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