Dyspepsia - types , causes, symptoms, treatments


1. Causes of and kinds of dyspepsia

2. symptoms

3. Diagnosis and treatment of dyspepsia

Dyspepsia - a collection of disorders of the digestive system.This combination of features characteristic of many diseases and border states.

dyspepsia syndrome occurs in 30-40% of people.If we take into account the one-off display of the state, it can be argued that almost everyone is familiar with dyspepsia.

The causes of dyspepsia and types most commonly

dyspepsia is caused by a lack of digestive enzymes, in which there is an incomplete nutrient absorption or grave errors in the diet.

reason for disorders of the digestive system may be an unbalanced diet, or untidy meal, without a certain regime.

Violation of the functions of the gastrointestinal tract organs can occur without organic lesion, then talk about functional dyspepsia.But is that a lack of digestive enzymes - the result of the defeat of the digestive system.Then indigestion is a symptom of underlying disease.

cause of functional dyspepsia can be overeating, frequent stress, constant extraneous activities during mealtimes, mental and neurological diseases.

Organic diseases caused by this condition are:

  • acute or chronic gastritis;
  • gastric ulcer or duodenal ulcer;
  • benign and malignant tumors of the stomach;
  • gall bladder and biliary tract;
  • disease of the pancreas;
  • taking certain medications for a long time;
  • endocrine disease;
  • pregnancy.

Dyspepsia in young children is usually caused by non-compliance with the quantity or composition of the food possibilities of their digestive system.This is facilitated by over-feeding the baby, delayed introduction of new products in the food.Moreover, immaturity of the gastrointestinal tract also promotes the development of dyspepsia in children.

At older ages, dyspepsia in children is associated with an imbalance of hormones during adolescence.

The following types of functional dyspepsia.

1.Brodilnaya dyspepsia.Its occurrence in the diet contributes to the prevalence of nutritional foods containing large amounts of carbohydrates.Such products lead to the development of the microflora and the fermentation cause fermentation in the digestive tract.These include bread, sugary foods, beans, cabbage, peas, fruit, honey and others.In addition, fermentation dyspepsia cause fermentation products, such as kvass, pickled vegetables, home-brewed beer.

2.Gnilostnaya dyspepsia.For its development results in excessive consumption of protein foods, especially one that requires a long digestion.In the gut starts to develop putrefactive microflora.These products include red meats, sausages, pates and other products.

3.Mylnaya or fat indigestion.It occurs at the use of products containing high-melting fats in large quantities.This pork, mutton fat and products containing them.

Types of dyspepsia, which is caused by an enzyme deficiency:

  • holetsistogennaya - in violation of bile;
  • gepatogennaya - liver diseases;
  • gastrogennaya - in violation of the secretory function of the stomach;
  • pancreatogenic - at deficiency of pancreatic enzymes;
  • enterogenous - in violation of separation of intestinal juice;
  • mixed.


dyspepsia symptoms depend on the type of digestive disorders.But there are common signs that are typical of all kinds:

  • pain of varying intensity, a feeling of heaviness, fullness in the upper abdomen;
  • constant burping for a long time;
  • nausea;
  • heartburn epigastric and chest;
  • irregular frequent stools;
  • enhanced gas separation, increased flatulence.

With a lack of digestive enzymes produced by the patient has the following symptoms of dyspepsia:

  • loose stools;
  • decreased appetite;
  • rumbling in the abdomen, bloating;
  • nausea, discomfort in the mouth.

Symptoms of functional dyspepsia depending on its type.

So fermentative dyspepsia manifested strong flatulence, rumbling in the abdomen.In addition to the features of this type of disorder include frequent pain in the upper abdomen, frequent stools, liquid stool foam character with a sour smell.

Symptoms of dyspepsia fat include a feeling of fullness and heaviness in the abdomen, bloating, belching.Pains worse after eating.Stool copious patient, contains the remains of undigested food.

Symptoms of dyspepsia putrid kind indicate intoxication.The patient is suffering from a severe headache, nausea, weakness, general malaise.Chair frequent, with a dark liquid feces, having the smell of rot.

Symptoms of dyspepsia in children at an early age are relatively significant.Kid constantly belches, naughty.He bloating, frequent stools with greenish feces, no appetite, disturbed sleep.

Diagnosis and treatment of dyspepsia

dyspepsia diagnosis includes medical examination, laboratory and instrumental methods of research.

patients received a general analysis of blood and urine and sometimes blood chemistry.To determine the type of dyspepsia explore cal patient.In some cases a fecal antigen test or breath test.With its help determine the type of microorganisms that cause disorders of the digestive system.

For right choice of treatment of dyspepsia is necessary to conduct a study of all the organs of the digestive tract.Patients underwent an endoscopy of the stomach, intestines and esophagus, during which take on a piece of research mucosal tissue.This study allows to determine the presence of infection helikobakterialnoy, some diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

dyspepsia treatment, having a functional form, for example, fermentation dyspepsia, especially a patient involves starvation for 1 - 1.5 hours.Then gradually introduced into the diet food.It is important that the patient kept a diet and a special diet.Also, you need to stick to drinking regime.The day should drink at least 1.5 liters of water.

If the disease has developed as a result of deficiency of digestive enzymes, dyspepsia treatment begins with treatment of the underlying disease, which led to this state.After that, the patient is prescribed enzyme preparations and medicines, fills the missing substance.

In some cases, the treatment of dyspepsia use antacids (reduce stomach acid) agents, antimicrobial drugs, prokinetic (drugs that improve the function of the digestive organs).


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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