Dysménorrhée primaire et secondaire - symptômes, traitement


1. reasons dysmenorrhea

2. Primary and secondary dysmenorrhea

3. Symptoms

4. Treatment

Only 25% of women areIt boasts that the onset of menstruation does not cause them any unpleasant and painful sensations.The rest of this natural organism for a period associated with weakness, pain in the abdomen, headache, lack of appetite and other more or less severe discomfort.A condition when because of menstruation women experience severe pain and other emotional and vegetative symptoms, called dysmenorrhea.This disease affects 30 to 50% of women and 10-15% of them even lose their ability to work.

reasons dysmenorrhea

There is no clear theory that would explain the reasons for such a morbid condition of women during menstruation.According to one version, the cause of dysmenorrhea associated with an increased content of prostagladinov.Prostaglandin stimulates and strengthens the muscle contraction of the uterus, when the level rises in the body, a woman in pain.By the way, the

susceptibility to pain, too, refers to the specific cause of dysmenorrhea, as for treatment often treated women with low pain threshold.

Primary and secondary dysmenorrhea

In order to better understand the nature of the disease have been introduced terms of primary and secondary dysmenorrhea.

In primary dysmenorrhea is not a pathological condition associated with changes in the internal organs.It usually manifests itself with the beginning of ovulation in adolescence.Symptoms of dysmenorrhea with the short-term, easily transferred and do not affect performance, but over time can increase, and their duration increases.In primary dysmenorrhea pain begins after 12 hours or the first days of the menstrual cycle and continued for 2-42 hours.Sami feeling cramping, aching, arching or jerking.The pain may be given in the rectum, bladder or appendages.The causes of primary dysmenorrhea include the type of action of the hormone prostaglandin.

Secondary dysmenorrhea is associated with organic changes in the pelvic organs, and occurs usually at age 30 or later.It has a characteristic symptom - pain occurs for 1-2 days before menstruation.The reason for this type of dysmenorrhea believe inflammation in the pelvic organs, as well as endometriosis.In view of the fact that many women use mechanical contraceptives cause of secondary dysmenorrhea may well be, and intrauterine devices.In fact, secondary dysmenorrhea can cause any disease of internal genital organs, it arises as a reaction to the violation of blood flow, smooth muscle spasm, stretching the walls of hollow organs, inflammatory changes in organs and tissues, scarring of the internal os, and so on.

dysmenorrhea treatment is required both at the primary and the secondary type, but the methods are different.

Symptoms The main symptom of dysmenorrhea - is abdominal pain.But apart from this, many women experience a general weakness, nausea, vomiting, headache, dizziness, dry mouth, excessive salivation.Often, dysmenorrhea women lose their appetite, have a sense of "padded" feet.In rare cases, the pain is so great that the fairer half of humanity faint.These disorders lead to exhaustion of the nervous system, the development of asthenic conditions, reduce memory and performance.There are also symptoms of the primary and secondary dysmenorrhoea.

In primary dysmenorrhea pain is usually sharp, unbearable, smack in the back and legs.This form is characterized by sleep disorders, headaches and fainting, as well as nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.Most often, these symptoms translate into premenstrual syndrome or waiting for painful menstruation.

In secondary dysmenorrhea may manifest symptoms such as irregular menstrual cycle, spotting brown.This form is accompanied by dysmenorrhea symptoms such as debilitating pain in the abdomen, high fatigue, insomnia, headache, loss of ability to work, taste perversion, frequent urination and swelling.

According to the degree of symptoms dysmenorrhea is divided into mild, moderate and severe.In mild pain not pronounced enough to begin taking painkillers.In moderate dysmenorrhea pain strong, but responds well to the action of pain medication.When the disease severe pain expressed so that taking painkillers does not work, often there are other symptoms.


treatment of dysmenorrhea should be aimed at eliminating not only pain, but also the reasons that caused it.In primary dysmenorrhea assigned use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.The primary goal of treatment of dysmenorrhea in this case - to suppress the action of prostagladinov, it can be done with the help of such drugs as aspirin, ibuprofen, nimesulide and diclofenac.Sometimes a gynecologist appoints hormonal contraceptives containing estrogen and progestogen.To reduce the pain used electrophoresis, acupuncture.From the "home" treatment of dysmenorrhea primary type well help warm heating pad on the abdomen, valerian tincture, adopted at the eve of menstruation night.Some women even helps psychological counseling.

treatment of dysmenorrhea secondary type is always directed at the elimination of the underlying disease.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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