2. symptoms of dysbiosis
3. Dysbacteriosis children
4. Tests of dysbacteriosis
human body is not sterile - from the birth of the intestine, skin and mucous membranes of human microflora populated.The normal flora is in equilibrium - inhabiting the human body bacteria and prevent the emergence of enhanced proliferation of spoilage bacteria and fungi.But under the influence of various factors change the balance in the direction of pathogens - a condition called dysbiosis and dysbiosis.In modern domestic medicine by means dysbiosis intestinal dysbiosis.
human microflora is closely connected with the formation of immunity.It weakens the immune system - increases the risk of intestinal dysbiosis, and vice versa.What are then the reasons dysbacteriosis?These include antibiotics, development of chronic gastrointestinal disease, food poisoning, intestinal infections, metabolic products of alcohol.intestinal dysbiosis may provoke preservatives
intestinal dysbiosis can take many forms.Symptoms appear dysbiosis depending on what stage the disease process.There are four stages of intestinal dysbiosis:
- first stage.The microflora is in relative balance, but the number of obligate (beneficial) bacteria is gradually reduced, the process initially asymptomatic.
- Second Stage.The level of bifidobacteria and lactobacilli in the intestines is reduced is critical, and pathogenic bacteria begin to dominate.The main symptoms of dysbiosis at this stage - diarrhea, abdominal pain, flatulence.
- Third stage.The period of prosperity of the pathogenic flora.Typically, at this stage of dysbiosis manifest symptoms such as inflammation of the intestinal wall, chronic diarrhea, deterioration of general condition, apathy, weakness.
- Fourth Stage.Obligate flora is almost absent, dominated by pathogenic bacteria and fungi.External symptoms of dysbiosis at this stage - anemia, vitamin deficiency, the total depletion of the body.
division stage was very arbitrary, illness is judged by its actual manifestations.The most characteristic symptoms of dysbiosis to date - a violation of metabolism, the body's heat provision, low energy supply of the colon epithelium, decreased synthesis of vitamin B12, pantothenic acid, and reduced antiviral, anti-tumor protection and local immunity.
There are also non-specific symptoms of dysbiosis - burping, nausea, bloating, constipation, bad breath and a bad taste, allergic to the usual food, a little fever.However, to judge them on intestinal dysbiosis is not worth without the prior survey.
children at birth the baby is deprived of microorganisms - they inhabit his skin, the intestine and the mucous membranes in the first hours of life.The microflora of the child falls into the stomach with a first portion of food, baby's skin shatters germs when you touch the mother's body - all these protective factors by dysbiosis in children.Normally, the child's body is populated by two groups of microbes - obligate responsible for normal digestion, immunity and good health, and an optional flora that is present in the gut is not necessary.To obligate flora are Lactobacillus, Escherichia coli, bifidobacteria, bacteria, saprophytes, Bacteroides and enterococci.For optional include bacteria flora, which under certain conditions may become pathogenic and cause dysbacteriosis in children.These include Staphylococcus, Proteus, fungi of the genus Candida, and others.
When dysbacteriosis disturbed sleep in children, having intestinal cramps.Outwardly, this disease state manifests itself in the form of bloating, belching, vomiting.In severe cases of goiter in children leads to diarrhea and reduce the rate of weight gain.
Fortunately, most natural and reliable treatment of dysbiosis in children early age is breastfeeding.Colostrum and mature breast milk contains components for complete digestion, which hinder the development of dysbiosis in children and support obligate flora.
There are two methods of analyzes on a dysbacteriosis, which allows to find out what kind of microbes and their concentration colonize the intestine.
The first method - a bacteriological examination.This type of analysis on a dysbacteriosis is a study of feces.The laboratory determines the number and availability of 14-25 species of bacteria, growing them in special nutrient media.
second type of analysis on dysbiosis - a survey microflora metabolites.It consists in determining the volatile substances released by microbes in the development process, and allows to obtain an accurate result within a few hours.
complexity of the analysis on a dysbacteriosis is that each person is different.Everything we eat different food, are carriers of the unique flora and can be carriers of diseases, which are not suspect.All this may affect the results of analyzes on a dysbacteriosis.Therefore, before making the final verdict, the doctor must conduct a comprehensive survey.
Treatment Since imbalance of microflora is not considered a separate disease, and the treatment of dysbiosis should be symptomatic, aimed at caused his illness.First of all, the attending physician must conduct a comprehensive diagnosis and to establish the root cause of the disease, and this may be the antibiotic, infectious disease, and other factors.
next stage of the treatment of dysbiosis must be receiving probiotics and eubiotics - preparations containing bacteria, the deficit of which the patient is experiencing.At the same time they can be assigned to the digestive enzymes, which will assume the functions of digestion in the period of settlement of useful microflora.In addition, dysbiosis treatment may include the administration of drugs that suppress the growth of microscopic fungi and other competitors of beneficial bacteria.Finally, as an adjuvant therapy may be administered sorbents and other drugs for detoxification and treatment of the underlying disease.If we are talking about a dysbacteriosis in children, the big role of breastfeeding.
As a rule, a comprehensive treatment of dysbiosis include changes in lifestyle and diet.
This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.
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