1. causative agent of dysentery and ways of infection
2. symptoms of dysentery
3. symptoms of severe and chronic form
4. Peculiarities of dysentery in children
5. Symptoms of severe disease in children
6. Treatment of dysentery
dysentery - an acute intestinal infectious disease, which is caused by bacteria of the genus Shigella.It is characterized by the development of the pathological process, mainly in the large intestine.
Pathogens Shigella dysentery are the so-called dysentery bacillus.The main danger of these microorganisms is that they are for a long time may be viable in the water.Furthermore, Shigella resistant to many antibiotics.
carrier of the pathogen of dysentery is a human.Moreover, you can get infected and by the sick person, who already have symptoms of dysentery, and by a person with asymptomatic disease.
abjection dysentery infected person begins from the first day manifestations of the dis
After penetration into the stomach a considerable part of agents of dysentery killed, and the remaining harmful bacteria enter the intestine and the large intestine, causing inflammation in them.This leads to the formation of mucosal hemorrhage, ulceration, erosion areas.In addition, dysentery pathogens found in stomach and colon, produce toxins constantly, thereby violated the process of digestion and intestinal microflora balance.
dysentery Symptoms depend on the form in which the disease occurs.There are acute and chronic diseases.The acute form usually lasts from 3-5 days to three months.If the disease has a prolonged course, talking about the chronic form.
There are different degree course of acute dysentery in adult form.
Easy for the acute form is pronounced the typical symptoms of dysentery.The incubation period during which only begins dysentery pathogen "assimilated" in the stomach, typically 2-5 days, but sometimes shortened to 18-24 hours.
Most often the disease begins suddenly.In humans, there are not strong pain in the abdomen, usually on the left.Sometimes there are pains pulling character in the rectal area.The chair has an admixture of mucus, blood.Its frequency may reach 5-10 times a day.
more pronounced symptoms of dysentery in adult patients with moderate course of illness.At the beginning of the disease there is a weakness, malaise, chills, unpleasant feelings in the stomach.Then start cramping pain in the lower abdomen on the left.Chair patient liquid, painful, contain mucus and blood.Its frequency in the first two days of the onset of the disease up to 10-25 times.Body temperature over 2-5 days rises to 38-39 ° C, there is a headache.
dysentery symptoms in adults with severe acute manifest from the beginning of the disease.A patient having intense cramping abdominal pain, weakness, very high fever, nausea and vomiting.It has frequent stools mixed with mucus, blood and pus often.In severe dysentery patient's blood pressure is lowered, there is shortness of breath, pulse quickens.This form of the disease can last up to 5-6 weeks.Sometimes it becomes chronic.
Continuous chronic form of dysentery in adults contributes to violations of the intestinal wall epithelium.Also, the patient developed digestive disorders, stool abundant, mushy, sometimes has a greenish tint.Eventually a person develops hypovitaminosis, malabsorption syndrome, there is a decrease in body weight.
most common dysentery infected children from 2 to 7 years.In infants, the disease occurs in very rare cases, as with the breast milk they get a strong immune defense.But in some very rare cases, infection can occur if the baby gets infected water or milk mixture.
Most often outbreaks of dysentery in children occur in the summer.The infection is spread through food and water, and can also be transmitted from sick children healthy.Therefore, it is important to observe the rules of personal hygiene of the child.
incubation period of dysentery in children can last from 2 to 6 days.By the time it ends, there are signs that are typical of a number of different intestinal infections: cramping abdominal pain, weakness, malaise, appetite deterioration.
In less severe disease there is a slight increase in body temperature, and the characteristic of this disease is not pain when defecating.The frequent stools stands as the only sign of disease that can occur in a child up to 4-5 times a day.It is important to note that in the absence of treatment of dysentery can go into batsillonositelstvo in which an infected child will infect others children (kindergarten, school).
In severe dysentery in children, the disease begins suddenly.the child's body temperature for several days can reach 39 ° C.Patient enhanced abdominal pain, appear painful urging to stool, nausea, vomiting.Baby chair liquid, mixed with mucus, green blood.Its frequency is 15-20 times a day.This period is very dangerous possible dehydration of the body of the child.At the same time become dry mucous membranes, appears grayish-white coating on the tongue.Treatment of dysentery in this case should be carried out in a hospital.
In the case of a severe form of the disease cardiovascular failure may occur in children, as well as severe dysentery symptoms such as impaired consciousness, and convulsions.Body temperature may rise to 40 ° C.Upon infection, the young child is a risk comatose states, so in such cases, the treatment of dysentery in children requires immediate hospitalization.
Sometimes a child, sick with dysentery, developed toxic shock.Its symptoms are sudden fever, decreased blood pressure, often - loss of consciousness.These dysentery symptoms develop so rapidly that by the vomiting and diarrhea do not reach, and requires urgent hospitalization of the child.
For the treatment of dysentery in children and adults use antibiotics.This adult patients prescribed drugs of fluoroquinolones group.Children are more appropriate antibiotics penicillin group.
the purpose of cleansing the body of toxins, in the treatment of dysentery using chelators, for example, or Polyphepan Enterodez.
To improve the digestive system used enzyme preparations (Festal, Pancreatin, Panzinorm).
dysentery treatment complete course of therapy, which is aimed at eliminating intestinal dysbiosis.This is important, since dysbacteriosis dysentery pathogens may exist in the gut for a long time.Only after the restoration of the normal microflora can be considered that the treatment of dysentery has been completed.
This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.
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