1. main causes of iron deficiency in the body
2. Classification of iron deficiency anemia
3. clinical picture
5. Treatment of iron deficiency
adult human body contains 2.5 grams of iron.Although the minimum content of iron in importance is a unique trace element that participates in different molecular processes.Also, iron is considered essential constituent of myoglobin, hemoglobin and iron components.In other words, iron - is a trace element, without which none of the human body can not exist.
Today, many are faced with such a pathological condition is iron deficiency (iron deficiency anemia).Anemia occurs in almost all periods of human life.This can happen not only during the various diseases, but also in certain physiological states.
most common cause of anemia is iron deficiency in the body, since iron is needed for the process of the production of hemoglobin.
Iron deficiency anemia can be caused by
to iron deficiency anemia risk factors include heavy menstruation, lactation, repeated pregnancy and childbirth, as well as the teen years, in which there is rapid growth of the organism.Elderly may also be accompanied by a deficiency of iron in the body, as it increases the number of diseases that provoke anemia, for example, oncopathology, bowel diverticulosis, chronic renal failure, and so on.
At the present time using two stages of anemia:
also distinguish degrees of severity:
Symptoms of iron deficiency in the body can be grouped into two main syndromes: anemic and sideropenic.
Anemic syndrome (mostly with latent iron deficiency) occurs at the time of reducing the amount of red blood cells and hemoglobin, as well as when there is insufficient provision of oxygen to tissues.He is represented by the following symptoms: fatigue, weakness, palpitations, decreased performance, flickering flies in front of the eyes, shortness of breath on exertion, fainting.There is also a symptom of iron deficiency anemic syndrome may include: drowsiness, loss of memory and mental performance, paleness of the visible mucous membranes and skin, pasty face, stop, "bags" around the eyes, and so on.
sideropenic syndrome is characterized by the following symptoms:
First severity of iron deficiency anemia is not accompanied by clinical symptoms.It is found only in some laboratory studies.
latent iron deficiency - it is the second degree of the disease.It appears fatigue, decreased exercise tolerance, a slight decrease of iron and ferritin levels in erythrocytes and blood serum.
With regard to the third degree of iron deficiency, its main manifestations are considered and anemic, and sideropenic syndromes.In the study of the cardiovascular system observed tachycardia, shortness of breath, systolic murmur at the apex, deafness of tones of heart, increased blood pressure, unmotivated fever, sleepiness during the day.
To identify the causes of iron deficiency anemia, a complete clinical examination of the patient:
Treatment of iron deficiency anemia include:
This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.
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